Emphasizes the importance of culture and context in understanding what occurs in society and constructing knowledge based on this understanding (Derry, 1999; McMahon, 1997).
Reality is constructed through human activity. (Kukla, 2000). Knowledge is a human product, and is socially and culturally constructed (Ernest, 1999; Gredler, 1997; Prat & Floden, 1994).Learning is a social process. It does not take place only within an individual, nor is it a passive development of behaviours that are shaped by external forces (McMahon, 1997).Building from social theories and strands from John Dewey, Piaget, George Kelly, Albert Bandura, Jerome Bruner and VYGOTSKY
-much more room for an active, involved teacher. -culture gives the child the cognitive tools needed for development. -The type and quality of those tools determines, the pattern and rate of development.-parents and teachers are conduits for the tools of the culture, including language.-The tools include cultural history, social context, and language.-Today: include electronic forms of information access.
-creates a context for learning in which students become engaged in interesting activities that encourages and facilitates learning. -does not simply stand by and watch children explore and discover. -Instead, she guides students as they approach problems, encourages them to work in groups to think about issues and questions, and Supports them with encouragement and advice as they tackle problems, adventures, and challenges that are rooted in real life situations -facilitates cognitive growth and learning as do peers and other members of the child's community.
Social Constructivism<br />Created and Presented By:<br />Meagan, Alex and Tim<br />
Definition<br />Meaningful learning occurs when individuals are engaged in social activities.<br />
Theory overview<br />Realityis constructed through human activity.<br />Knowledgeis a human product.<br />Learningis a social process. <br />
Main proponent<br />Lev Vygotsky, 1898-1934<br />
Vygotsky says…<br />Culture provides cognitive tools needed for development.<br />tools include cultural history, social context, and language.<br />type and quality of tools determine pattern and rate of development.<br />parents and teachers are conduits for these tools.<br />
Impact on education<br />The constructivist teacher…<br />engages students with interesting activities based on real-life situations.<br />guides student problem-solving.<br />promotes student collaboration.<br />actively supports student effort.<br />facilitates cognitive growth and learning.<br />
Relationship to online learning<br />Instruction<br />Tele-communication<br />Real-life simulations<br />Project leader and member opportunities<br />Tools<br />Wikis<br />Discussion boards<br />File shares<br />Presentation utilities<br />
Sources<br />Beaumie, K. (2009). Social Constructivism. Emerging Perspectives on Learning, Teaching and Technology. Retrieved from http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Social_Constructivism<br />Constructivism in Learning. Learning and Teaching Home. Web. 05 July 2011. http://www.learningandteaching.info/learning/constructivism.htm<br />Dolittle, P. (1999) Constructivism and Online Education.<br />Jackson, Roy. "Social Constructivism - Emerging Perspectives on Learning, Teaching and Technology." Projects Server Introduction. Web. 05 July 2011. http://projects.coe.uga.edu/epltt/index.php?title=Social_Constructivism<br />Kim, B. (2001). Social Constructivism. In M. Orey (Ed.), Emerging perspectives on learning, teaching, and technology. Available Website:<br />Lave, J., & Wenger, E. (1991). Situated learning: Legitimate peripheral participation. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.<br />McMahon, M. (1997, December). Social Constructivism and the World Wide Web - A Paradigm for Learning. Paper presented at the ASCILITE conference. Perth, Australia.<br />Social Constructivist Theories. Web. 05 July 2011.<br /> http://viking.coe.uh.edu/~ichen/ebook/et-it/social.htmAvailable:http://edpsychserver.ed.vt.edu/workshops/tohe1999/text/doo2.pdfhttp://www.coe.uga.edu/epltt/SocialConstructivism.htm <br />