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Ancient Greece & Rome

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Ancient Greece & Rome

  1. 1. Classical Greece and Rome
  2. 2. 1. Americans love Greek and Roman ideas.
  3. 3. Rome
  4. 4. Philadelphia
  5. 5. Rome
  6. 6. Washington, D. C.
  7. 7. The ParthenonAthens,
  8. 8. The Philadelphia Art MuseumPhiladelphia
  9. 9. The Acropolis (2,000 years ago)Athens, http://www.history.com/topics/ancient-history/videos#the-acropolis- deconstructed
  10. 10. FairmountPhiladelphia
  11. 11. The Pantheon, Rome.
  12. 12. Jefferson Memorial, Washington, D.C.
  13. 13. http://www.zippycreativeservices.com.au/images/blank-world-map2.jpg
  14. 14. Europe http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png
  15. 15. Europe http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png Greece
  16. 16. Europe http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png Rome
  17. 17. 2. Ancient Greece
  18. 18. 2. Geography of Greece• Today, a small country in Europe.• near the Mediterranean Sea.• main part of Greece: on a peninsula.
  19. 19. 2. Geography of Greece• small country in Europe.• near the Mediterranean Sea.• main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.)
  20. 20. 2. Geography of Greece• small country in Europe.• near the Mediterranean Sea.• main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.)• the rest of Greece: many islands.
  21. 21. 2. Geography of Greece• small country in Europe.• near the Mediterranean Sea.• main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.)• the rest of Greece: many islands and many mountains
  22. 22. 2. Geography of Greece• small country in Europe.• near the Mediterranean Sea.• main part of Greece: on a peninsula. (peninsula: land surrounded by water on three sides.)• the rest of Greece: many islands and many mountains
  23. 23. Greek City-States
  24. 24. Greek City-States• Greek City-States were isolated.
  25. 25. Greek City-States• Greek City-States were isolated because of mountains and islands. (isolated: alone.)
  26. 26. 3.Greek City-States• Greek City-States were isolated because of mountains and islands. (isolated: alone.)• City-states were like countries with their own laws, leaders & money.
  27. 27. 3. Two ImportantGreek City-States:Sparta & Athens Athens Sparta
  28. 28. 4. Sparta’s focus: Military Strengthhttp://www.history.com/topics/ancient-
  29. 29. 4. Sparta’s focus: Military Strength• Government: Kings• Not important: reading, writing, art.• Very important: training to become good soldiers.• Boys: 7 years old boys left their parents to study warfare and athletics.• Girls: trained to be good athletes and to be mothers of soldiers.
  30. 30. 5. Athens’ Focus: Art, Culture, Democracy
  31. 31. 5. Athens’ Focus: Art, Culture, Democracy• Government: People of Athens voted for leaders (democracy).• Important: art, architecture, beauty and military power.• Boys from rich families: went to school and trained to be soldiers. Adult men could become citizens and vote.• Girls: learned how to take care of their homes. Adult women had no rights.
  32. 32. 6. Athens v. SpartaThe City-States of Athens and Sparta fought to control all ofGreece in the Peloponnesian War.After 27 years of fighting, Spartadefeated Athens.
  33. 33. Famous Greek Philosophers
  34. 34. Philosophy ** ΦΙΛΟ= love ΣΟΦΊΑ= wisdom
  35. 35. * 7. Philosophy• Philosophers = “seekers of wisdom.”• Philosophers are teachers.• They use reasons and questions to study the world and explain life. * philo = love sophia = wisdom
  36. 36. SocratesSocrates was a famous teacher who taught his students…• …it is important to do the right thing.• …think for yourself• Socrates’ way of teaching: ask questions to discover true ideas. (Socratic method.)
  37. 37. The children now love luxury;they have bad manners, contempt forauthority; they show disrespect for eldersand love chatter in place of exercise. Children are now tyrants, not the servantsof their households. They no longer risewhen elders enter the room. They contradicttheir parents, chatter before company,gobble up dainties at the table, cross theirlegs, and tyrannize their teachers.
  38. 38. Plato• student of Socrates.• started the world’s first university.• wrote about fair governments and fair leaders in a book called The Republic.
  39. 39. Socrates Socrates and his student, PlatoDetail of The School of Athens by Raffaello
  40. 40. AristotlePlato was Aristotle’s teacher.He wrote books about• science• art• law• poetry• government.
  41. 41. Plato and his student, young AristotleDetail of The School of Athens by Raffaello
  42. 42. 8. Famous Greek Writers
  43. 43. Aesop• a slave of Greece.• wrote fables (stories) that teach lessons.• many were animal stories.• Aesop’s Fables: still popular today.
  44. 44. Aesop’s Fables
  45. 45. Herodotus• wrote the firsthistory books
  46. 46. 9. Famous Greek Leaders
  47. 47. Pericles• Democratic leader of Athens.• Constructed the Parthenon and the Acropolis
  48. 48. Alexander the Great• son of King Phillip II.• young, strong military leader
  49. 49. • Aristotle was his teacher.• young, strong military leader Aristotle teaching young Alexander
  50. 50. Alexander the Great• made Greece a large empire.• conquered Persia, Egypt, the Middle East, Northern India.• spread Greek ideas all over the world• Alexander the Great did all of this by the time he was 33.
  51. 51. The Empire of King Philip(Father of Alexander the Great)
  52. 52. Alexander the Great spread Greek culture far across Europe, Asia & Africa.
  53. 53. The Roman Empire
  54. 54. Europe http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png Rome
  55. 55. 10. The Romans conquered Greece.They controlled Greece, but they loved Greek ideas and copiedthem.For example, they loved Greek gods.They changed the gods’ names to Roman names.king of the gods queen of the gods god of the sea god of war goddess of wisdomgoddess of loveZeus Hera Poseidon AresAthena Aprhrodite Jupiter Juno Neptune Mars MinervaVenus
  56. 56. Rhea was the twins’ mother. Her uncle, the king, was afraid that the twins would try to take his power. Rome is named for Romulus.11. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  57. 57. The king’s order: Drown the babies in the Tiber River.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  58. 58. Tiberinus, the river god, put the twins on land.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  59. 59. Lupa the wolf found the twins and raised them.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  60. 60. The image of the mother wolf raising the twins Romulus and Remus is a popular image in ancient art.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  61. 61. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  62. 62. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  63. 63. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  64. 64. A shepherd found the twins...How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  65. 65. …and brought them home.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  66. 66. How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  67. 67. Romulus and Remus grew up. They often argued…How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  68. 68. …and had bitter fights.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  69. 69. They decided to work together and establish a city on the hill where Lupa found them.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  70. 70. They argued and fought about building a wall around the city. Remus died. Romulus named the new city after himself, Rome.How Rome began:The legend of the twin brothers, Romulus &Remus
  71. 71. The Roman Empire: Before Caesar http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png
  72. 72. The Roman Empire: Before Caesar http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png
  73. 73. 12. Julius CaesarExcellent military leader.He never lost a battle.He conquered a lot of land for Rome andmade the empire very large. Vini, vidi, vici.
  74. 74. Julius CaesarExcellent military leader.He never lost a battle.He conquered a lot of land for Rome andmade the empire very large. I came, I saw, I conquered.
  75. 75. The Roman Empire: Before Caesar http://wpcontent.answers.com/wikipedia/commons/t humb/a/aa/Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereogr aphic_projection%29_cropped.svg/700px- Blank_map_of_Europe_%28polar_stereographic_proje ction%29_cropped.svg.png
  76. 76. The Roman Empire: After Caesar
  77. 77. Julius CaesarSoldiers loved him.The Romanpeople loved him.Became leader of Rome in 55 B.C.E.
  78. 78. Did you know these facts about Julius Caesar? Pirates kidnapped him when he was 16. He escaped. He improved the Roman calendar (“July” is named for Caesar.) Set up the first newspapers (news signs).
  79. 79. Did you know these facts about Julius Caesar?Caesar and Cleopatra of Egypt loved each other.
  80. 80. Other leaders in Rome were afraid of Caesar’s popularity andpower.They assassinated him.
  81. 81. 13. Roman Military StrengthRoman soldiers were very tough.People said the Roman army was like a fighting machine.They conquered a lot of land for Rome.
  82. 82. 14. Roman Roads Each time Roman soldiers conquered a city, they built a new road connecting the city to Rome.
  83. 83. Roman RoadsRomans built over 53,000 miles of roads. Most of the time,soldiers were the road builders.
  84. 84. Roman Roads
  85. 85. Roman Roads
  86. 86. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 15. Architecture
  87. 87. 15. Doric Ionian Corinthian
  88. 88. DoricThe Lincoln Memorial
  89. 89. IonianThe White House
  90. 90. CorinthianPhiladelphia City Hall
  91. 91. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 16. Sports Stadium
  92. 92. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 16. Sports Stadium
  93. 93. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 16. Sports Stadium
  94. 94. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 17. Theater
  95. 95. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 17. Theater
  96. 96. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 17. Theater
  97. 97. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 18. Alphabet
  98. 98. Borrowed from thePhoenicians GreekAlphabet Copied by English and other languages
  99. 99. SQ
  100. 100. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 19. The Olympics
  101. 101. Olympic games in ancient Greece began about 776
  102. 102. Olympics in 2008, in ChinaThe modern World Olympic games began in 1896 C. E.
  103. 103. Today, we copy many ideas from Ancient Greece and Rome. 20. Democracy
  104. 104. δημοκρατίαDemocracy
  105. 105. http://greece.mrdonn.org/athens1.gifCitizens in ancient Greece wrote laws and voted for leaders.
  106. 106. DemocracyDemos = peoplecracy = power
  107. 107. DemocracyDemos = peoplecracy = power
  108. 108. Voting in ancient http://www1.curriculum.edu.au/ddunits/units/ls1fq3acts.htmGreece.
  109. 109. Voting in Philadelphia.
  110. 110. Finis

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