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Architectural Portfolio - mrudhula


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this was the portfolio i had done for my application for post - masters in urbanism in TU Delft, The Netherlands

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Architectural Portfolio - mrudhula

  1. 1. Mrudhula Soe KoshyB.Arch, University of Kerala, 2004-‘09Email : mrudhuhere@gmail.comPhone : +91 9846832534 +91 471 2447150Address: 6A, Heera Haven Akulam Road, Ulloor Medical College P.O. Thiruvananthapuram -11 Kerala, India PORTFOLIO
  3. 3. CENTRE FOR PERFORMING AND VISUAL ARTS, KOCHI 3 Location: Kochi, Kerala, India Nature of work: Individual My Role: Proposed a hypothetical project to bridge the urban-rural gap by way of a Centre for Performing and Visual arts where the traditional arts and crafts of Kerala are interwoven into the pattern and rhythm of everyday life. Level of Project: 10th semester – Thesis Date: February 2009 – August 2009 Guided by: Ar. Shailaja Nair THESIS
  4. 4. INTRODUCTION objects. 4The state of Kerala is resplescent for its scenic Hold exhibition, seminars and workshops for thesplendour as well as its eminent contribution to dissemination of knowledge and skill.the country’s intellectual and cultural landscape. Provide help to craftsmen to make contemporaryThe art and craft forms are embodiments of products based on inspiration from the tradition.Kerala’s culture. Similarly, its verdant scenery,backwaters, lagoons and beaches, colourful REQUIREMENTSfestivals etc have made her a paradise for Administration spaces, traditional and moderntourists. theatre spaces, craft spaces for sale, exhibitionIn this land which is replete with traditional and and holding workshops, public spaces such asindigenous art and craft forms, these cultural art gallery, exhibition spaces and food courts,relationships have fast begun to disintegrate. residential spaces and service spaces.the cultural roots of Kerala go very deep andare many centuries old. these have regional LOGOvariations which combine to form a total culture Illustrates the vision of the campus. Campuswhich is vibrant and colourful. aspires to achieve an integration of traditional and contemporary arts. Ballet symbolisingHence.. contemporary art form is safely ensconced intoday the need for uplifting the traditions and the traditional dance mudra. The colour redreviving them has become essential for retaining symbolising spontaneity is in the background.the culture.This project is thus envisioned as a centre forperforming and visual arts where the traditionalarts and crafts of kerala are interwoven into thepattern and rhythm of everyday life.The project is poised at a crucial juncture in thehistory of Kerala: a time of transition and vastimpending changes in environment, society, FEASIBILTYlifestyle and work. It is thus a celebration of the Kerala is one of the 10 paradises in the world.state, its people and culture. The site is aptly located in close proximity to marine drive, one of the busiest touristAIM destinations. it is easily accessible also.To preserve and promote traditional arts andcrafts of Kerala and engender appreciation for SOURCES OF INCOMEthe same. Rent for use of auditorium & theatre Income from food court Extract fee from participants inOBJECTIVES workshops Sale of exhibition articles, books andShowcase the arts and crafts of Kerala to the journalstourists.Acquire and make available to all interested SCOPEpeople, books & other data on the same. Affordable performance/work spaces for needyProvide retail outlets for traditional crafts. artists. THESISPromote the folk performing arts by providing Awareness of traditional arts and increaseda platform whereby the artists can expand their participation of the younger generation.audience.Collection, preservation and exhibition of art PHYSICAL MODEL OF THESIS
  5. 5. CASE STUDIES 5 ATTRIBUTES KALA ACADEMY NCPA CRAFTS MUSEUM INFERENCES LAYOUT LEVELNCPA, MUMBAI ENTRY Separate pedestrian, vehicular and service 6 entries, but no segregation between Entry from Pragati Maiden and Bharion Separate vehicular, pedestrian and serviceA centre for the preservation and promotion of entries vehicular, pedestrian and service Marg entriesIndia’s rich legacy of classical, traditional and ENTRY ACCESS All entries from the main road Entries on 3 borders of site creating Entry from Pragati Maiden feels like main Exploited the linkages within the campuscontemporary performing and visual arts. confusion entry as entire complex can be seen and avoid confusionKALA ACADEMY,GOA ZONING Main building, Muktaangan, garden spaces, Main buildings, theatres and adjoining Village complex, craft demonstration, Public, semi-public, central, transitional, exhibition space and service areas exhibition spaces, private areas, service, museum, further divided into village, arts zone, crafts zone, residentialPromotion of art and culture of Goa. administration, garden spaces temple and darbar craftsCRAFTS MUSEUM, DELHI CIRCULATION Defined zoning so unhindered movement Buildings not properly oriented so Visitor moves through the streets of the Sequence of spaces organized around a circulation difficult without signage village complex and gradually reaches the central pathwayCollection of the Crafts Museum was put museumtogether to serve as reference material for the OPEN SPACE Garden space provided Number of garden spaces provided for each There are open and semi-open passages Open spaces planned to facilitate maximumcraftsmen who are increasingly losing touch theatre but lie inactive and areas shaded with trees activity and interaction. Planned along the sequence and not isolatedwith their own traditions in terms of materials,techniques, designs and aesthetics of their arts ACTIVE AREAS Cafeteria and amphitheatre are most active The open spaces provided remain inactive The sequence of spaces ensures that all Food courts, amphitheatre and OAT areas spaces are effectively used earmarked as areas for maximum activityand crafts. ORIENTATION Campus planned in SE-NW direction with Buildings oriented in different directions The 3 components oriented following the Should be oriented either along movement main buildings as focus movement sequence axis, visual axis or focus VIEWS View towards the river blocked to some View towards the sea not utilized properly The entrance placed at a height offers view View of backwaters to be exploited by use extent by trees of the entire complex of frames, bridges etc BUILDING LEVEL ENTRY An entrance plaza provided service entry to Each building has a separate entry.Separate Entrance clearly visible after one Defined entry to give indication of purpose cafeteria service entry also moves through the village complex and of building, visible from main linkages demonstration area. PLANNING Planned segregating public and private No proper planning Planning similar to hindu temples and Planning to facilitate clear spaces.Defined transitional spaces organic traditional settlements movement(preferably pedestrianised) NCPA CIRCULATION Clear circulation without signages. Access Entry to each building from outside. Within Courtyard planning- permits viewing the Plan giving intermediate exit points which to every area from entrance plaza the building circulation is good exhibits by moving through whole sequence are clearly visible or each gallery in isolation CHARACTER Similar to an open street through entire Each building has a unique character but no A rural setting of intimate scale Low built form, character to reinforce the building elements unifying the buildings culture and tradition as well as blend in contemporary forms FORM Use of parapet walls and pergolas to Massive buildings, each having a unique Form evolved such that Purana Qila is not Evolve form with respect to function, emphasize horizontality character undervalued- low built form effective transition from outside to inside ACTIVITY No dead spaces, cafeteria and amphitheatre Improper planning results in unused spaces Activity segregated based on themes Sequence of activities should be considered are most active.Specially designed seating while planning- performance spaces, KALA ACADEMY to give feeling of outdoors. spaces for craftsmen, food courts etc TRANSITIONAL Transitional spaces segregated public and No transitional spaces. Each building has Courtyard planning gives progression Facilitate interplay of open, semi-open and SPACES private zones entry from outside, no linkage between through spaces where parts are casually closed spaces buildings revealed FACADE ELEMENTS Pergolas, parapet walls to emphasize Plain massive form of monumental scale, Emphasize rural setting- sloping tiled roofs, Elements to emphasize blend of traditional horizontality foyer of Tata Theatre gives framed view of paintings and murals on walls and contemporary sea THESIS MATERIALS Laterite stucco for walls RCC and bricks Mud plastered walls Traditional feel, so vernacular materials- exposed bricks SERVICES Separate service entry for cafetaria and Each building has a separate service entry Separate service entry hidden from public Services should be concealed from green rooms view; AHU provided for each gallery public view, also should have unhinderedCRAFTS MUSEUM circulation
  6. 6. SITE ANALYSIS Flat site with no contours. crafts of Kerala are interwoven into the pattern spatial sequences are connected independent 6 and rhythm of everyday life. spatial situations that refer to each otherINTRODUCTION through their access links, where only one spaceThe site is located in Ernakulam district. it is an CONTEXT is perceived at a time.extension of the existing Marine Drive having The aim of the project is showcasing traditionalclose proximity to M.G.Road and facing the while simultaneously providing a suitable INFORMAL MEANDERING OF SPACESbackwaters of of Cochin.The site is now in the environment for modern art forms. Each of the spaces one travels through is distincthands of GIDA. Hence it intends to bridge the gap between yet inter-related in an easy manner; here the traditional and modern art forms thus providing overall experience is casual and pleasurable. ADJOINING STRUCTURESLOCATION ground for new art forms. Hindustan lever limited on the south side. AThe site extends from Marine Drive to Chathiath vacant plot of land on the east side. There arechurch in the north. Synthesis of 4 distinct activities is the main issue. roads on the west and north sides.Latitude : 9’57” N Longitude: 76’23” E SOIL CONDITION Casual sequenceAccessiblity to site AIR: Cochin International Reclaimed land from the backwaters site is filled Sequence ofairport Nedumbassery (28kms) PORT: Cochin using clayey soil. Marshy land with water logging. intensification Meandering sequenceport trust at wellington island (6kms) RAIL: Thus pile foundation is needed.Ernakulam town (1.5kms) Ernakulamjunction(4.5kms) Cochin Harbour CLIMATETerminus(5kms) ROAD: KSRTC Central Bus Climate is classified as warm humid withstation (4kms) Private bus stand at High maximum rainfall during the SW monsoons.court junction (0.5kms) Private bus stand atkaloor Jn (2.5kms) NH 47(7kms) and NH 49 WIND DIRECTION The focus and the visual axis enable a linear Direct access-spaces more Indirect access- Asymmetrical spaces more sequence(5kms) FERRY: Main Boat jetty (1km ) High General wind direction is SW to NE. sequence along the centre spine. The visual axis publiccourt jetty (0.5km) keeps the different activities in constant reference with the site. Threshold A small space that contrasts with its UTILITIES Ceremonial entry directed setting allows different experience and use than Electricity: Electric line is running through the towards a pedestrian precinct dominant larger landscapes. north side of the site, adjacent to the road. where the nodes are casually Telephone: Underground telephone lines are revealed. laid in this area. Water: Corporation water is available. Plinth as threshold Gateway Expanded joint spaces for seating A linear sequence whereby the traditional zone is gradually revealed starting with the informal SITE PLAN food and crafts bazaar VIEW TO BACKWATERS followed by the contemporary arts zone. Transitional edgesSITE CHARACTERArea - 26 acres Street arts normally happen in alleys, corners andThe spectacular view of backwaters and proximity CONCEPT DESIGN AIDS THESIS backyards so craft spaces designed accordingly BRIDGING THE URBAN- RURAL GAP... A person experiences a place by sequentially to impart a rural tourist spots makes it ideal for the centre. moving through the spaces along a circulation Project is envisioned as a centre for performing and visual arts where the traditional arts and path. The path can be conceived as a perpetualTOPOGRAPHY thread that links the sequence of spaces. The
  7. 7. MASTER PLAN 7Each zone is casually revealed through meandering spaces.The zones are visually and circulation wise connected by a linear axis. THESISThe campus is predominantly pedestrian with vehicular road running through the edges.The zones are distinguished by the architectural style as well as planning in terms of spaces andlandscape.
  8. 8. INFORMAL ZONE 8Spaces have been designed to suit indian art formsand indian streets. Hence a low built form was foundto be most appropriate. The campus is designed insuch a way that the visitor can explore the spaces onhis own and get to know about the activities.Craft shops are integrated along with landscape VIEW ALONG THE LINEAR VISUAL AXISelements. Places are rest and contemplation are FOOD COURTS PLACED INTENTIONALLY AFTER CRAFT SHOPS SO THAT VISITORSinterspersed with the sale and exhibition areas. VIEW ALONG THE LINEAR VISUAL AXIS BROWSE THROUGH THEM INITIALLY BEFORE ENTERING THE REALM OF FOOD COURTSVehicular and pedestrian movement have beensegregated for a peaceful atmosphere.Each node is casually revealed along the way. CRAFT SHOPS AROUND LANDSCAPED AREAS AERIAL VIEW GATEWAYS AND PLINTH USED TO DISTINGUISH EACH SUB SPACESEMI-COVERED WORK SPACES FOR THE CRAFTMEN BEHIND THE CRAFT SHOPS VIEW OF ENTRY PLAZA AND THE MAIN GATEWAYVIEW OF FOOD COUR AND INFORMAL STAGE THESIS CRAFT SHOPS ARRANGED AROUND A COURT FOOD COURT ART EXHIBITION GALLERIES
  9. 9. THEATRE COMPLEX 9The design emphasizes the idea of a real people’s theatreby creating a flowing urban landscape that allows variousinteractions by spectators, visitors and the general public.The principal act performed by the building is to elevate asubstantial part of its program. By doing so a public square iscreated underneath it. BALCONY OVERLOOKING THE BACKWATERSBASIC ZONINGBalconies or terraces with several different programs activate CAFETERIA IN LOBBYthe space. Sometimes they are open and public; sometimes SECTION B-Bexclusive or intimate. ticket able, VIP or free. They act asviewing balconies, temporary exhibition space, reading room,roof top restaurant etc. thus attracting many different ‘targetgroups’. The audience can take centre stage. GROUND FLOOR PLANThe 3 theatres are connected by the Common Lobby at thecentre, a semi-indoor space that is 24-hour open and requiresno ticket, with control points at the theatres entrance.Peoplecan visit the venues,restaurant or exhibition spaces or just towalk through this passage. This multifunctional space can be SECTION A-Aused as a gathering space, for events or as an open air theatre. CENTRAL LOBBY CENTRAL LOBBY SECOND FLOOR PLAN FIRST FLOOR PLAN VIEW FROM NORTH - EAST It becomes possible to overlook the campus and the VIEW FROM NORTH - WEST backwaters from the reading room and the roof top THESIS restaurant.
  10. 10. THEATRES LITTLE THEATRE BLACK BOX THEATRE TRADITIONAL THEATRE - KOOTHAMBALAM 10 capacity - 120 ppl Area: 495 sq.m capacity - 120 pple Area: 245 sq.m The Koothambalam is a traditional KeralaPROSCENIUM THEATRE Seating provided in two levels to accommodate theatre used for dance performances especiallycapacity - 420 pple Area : 860 sq.m maximum number of viewers within the Flexibility of the black box theatre is attained by Kathakali. The building has been designed inSeating provided in two levels to accommodate minimum distance from the stage. Separate the use of wooden steps of varying height. accordance with Vaasthushastra, traditionalmaximum number of viewers within the green rooms provided for ladies and gents. Stage area is also formed by wooden boxes, so building principles, with respect to proportionsminimum distance from the stage. Facilities include rehearsal space, store rooms, that its area can be adjusted according to the used. The stage is centrally planned with spaceFacilities provided include separate green sound control and light dimmer rooms. need. Space above the green rooms is used for for audience surrounded by a verandah on threerooms for ladies and gents, rehearsal room, vip storing the wooden steps and boxes. sides. Green rooms are also provided.rooms, storage space, meditation room, soundcontrol and light dimmer room.Adjustable ceiling mounted reflectors havebeen provided to alter the acoustics dependingon the type of performance. KALARI A semi open structure with mud walls. A low roof line ensures privacy for the kalaries. Terracotta tiles are used for flooring which gives cooling during daytime. THESIS VIEW OF KOOTHAMBALAM WITH THEATRE COMPLEX IN THE BACKGROUND
  11. 11. REDEFINING THE HEART OF TRIVANDRUM CITY 11 Location: Trivandrum, Kerala, India Nature of work: Group work My Role: I analysed existing linkages and generators in the busiest stretches of the city and formulated policy level guidelines to emphasise the rich cultural heritage of Trivandrum , URBAN STUDY Level of Project: 9th semester Date: July 2008- November 2008 Guided by: Prof. Manoj Kumar Kini
  12. 12. URBAN STUDY GEO MORPHOLOGY LAND USE : MACRO LEVEL 12Thiruvananthapuram, the capital of the state ofKerala is a beautiful seaside city built on seven hills.The city is characterised by its undulating terrainof low coastal hills with narrow winding lanes andbusy commercial alleys. Thiruvananthapuramand its famous beaches are one of the top touristdestinations in India.LANDUSE A pattern of ribbon development, typical ofTMC – TRIVANDRUM MUNCIPAL Changing land uses has put enormous pressureCORPORATION on land owners to sell their property to land DISTRICT PROFILE Southernmost district developers and artificially increased land value. of Kerala. There is a dearth of ‘available’ open spaces. Area : 2192 km2 The kerala university has been split into three due Population: 3,234,356 to roads cutting thorugh. Four taluks: Thiruvananthapuram, Chirayinkil, Nedumangad and Neyyanthira LAND USE : MICRO LEVEL STUDIES The district is 33.75% DEMOGRAPHY LAND OWNERSHIP MAP urbanised. CLIMATE Cold weather is experienced in the mountain ranges whereas lower down, the weather is bracing and is generally hot in the plains. Mean maximum temp: 90° F Humidity:` Rise upto 90% during south-west monsoon. Average rainfall: 1500mm per monsoon BUILT – OPEN STUDYMAJOR TRANSPORT LINKAGES BUILDING CONDITION BUILDING USE MAP The stretch from Statue to Over bridge is subject to haphazard development. Shops have sprung URBAN STUDY LAND USE PATTERN OF up on either side of the road without adequate THIRUVANANTHAPURAM provision for parking. Absence of adequate car and two-wheeler parking facilities poses LAND USE PATTERN hindrance to vehicular and pedestrian movement. The land use pattern of Thiruvananthapuram city Trivandrum city is visible from the landuse. has changed due to the impact of urbanization. Commercial and public developments BUILDING CHARACTER Various physical, social, political and economic along the fringes of major roads and dense Indo-Sarcenic architecture represents a synthesis factors have played their decisive roles in forming residential development towards the interior. of diverse architectural elements of Hindu and the city’s land use pattern. Mughal with Gothic cusped arches, domes,
  13. 13. spires, tracery, minarets and stained glass. Issue: BUILDING HEIGHT MAP SECTION THROUGH NAPIER MUSEUM 13 Lack of cohesive growth which leads to absence of linkages between major open spaces. Presence of scattered and underutilised spaces due to ribbon development. Multitude of activities or commercial influence subdues even the organized functional spaces. Roadside trees provide ample shade PLANNING Museum provides a view along with its surrounding landscape to its observerGRAIN AND TEXTURE SECTION THROUGH LMS CHURCH SECTION THROUGH PMG JUNCTION Issues: LMS church highlights the axisIssues: Lack of structured planning has resulted in Solar traffic lamps save energy Meeting point of important roadsThere is absence of fine grain and uniform cluttered urban fabric. Trees provide shade along the walkway University stadium and Mascot hotel serve astexture, due to undefined architectural controls. Predominantly organic growth visible. identifiable images Ribbon development of buildings, SECTION THROUGH CONNEMARA MARKETLOCATION OF HERITAGE BUILDINGS SECTION THROUGH KERALA UNIVERSITY NOLLY’S MAP Unorganized open space in front of market Kerala university is well set back from the road Temple and market lie on an axis which provides a full view from the roadPresence of many heritage and imageable areas University highlights the axis from the Palayampoint to plausible development of a heritage The street façade is of ambiguous architectural Lack of proper shading mosquecorridor to encourage tourism. class due to the collective effort of piecemeal The imposing structure of the University befits itsIssues: changes that have occurred along the entire SECTION THROUGH LMS JUNCTION function as a seat of powerThere is a non-continuity of heritage character stretch.leading to diminished importance to heritage SECTION THROUGH VJT JUNCTIONbuildings. UNBUILT SPACES URBAN STUDYOPEN SPACES LMS church gives a strong visual impact and identity to the junction. Absence of shade on one side Enclosed feeling is lost with open space on one University college is well set-back from the road. side Sanskrit college is partially set back from the road VJT hall positioning does not offer full view Road side trees provide shade to the pedestrians
  14. 14. SECTION THROUGH PALAYAM MOSQUE and is constructed in dressed granite stones. The LMS Church, built in memory of Rev. Samuel UNIVERSITY BUILDING 14 LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY Mater, a missionary who served in Travancore from 1854-1880, was built in early colonial style,. PALAYAM JUMA MASJIDComplete absence of trees One of the most prominent nodes of the city,Enclosed feeling is lost The building was completed in 1998. The façade the university is a perfect example of a buildingArea around Martyr’s column forms an unofficial is a composition of massive columns rising to in symmetry, balance and harmony. The clockgathering space three storeys height imparting a foreboding tower, an imposing highlight to the buildingSECTION THORUGH ST.JOSEPH’S CATHEDRAL look. A two-tier sloping roof over the central stands tall. Built in the modernist style with sparse hall was incorporated to impart a feel of kerala The mosque is the developed form of the ‘cheriya decoration. architecture. However, it creates a reverse effect thaikavu’. Built in 1813 for the british indian UNIVERSITY COLLEGE being out of sync with the rest of the building. muslim soldiers who camped at Palayam. The Another traditional element employed is the mosque in its present form was inaugurated in traditional kerala gateway. 1967. The co-existence of the church, temple and mosque here stands as a symbol of communal SECRETARIAT BUILDING harmony. Built in typical Islamic style, the mosque has 4 minars at the 4 corners and many arch openings.Complete absence of treesLoss of enclosure: Church tower on one side and ST. JOSEPH’S CATHEDRALopen space on the other Gothic features: Pinnacles with ballflower Built in Indo-Sarcenic style which found itsHeight of church falls out of normal human vision ornament, pointed arches and rose window. way into all public buildings. But the roofscape is traditional kerala style with fish tiles andIMPORTANT BUILDINGS ALONG THE STRETCH mukappu. VICTORIA JUBILEE TOWN HALLCONNEMARA MARKET Built in 1867, it is a typical colonial building in Graeco-Roman style designed to impart a feeling of authority and grandeur. Grand circular columns support the wooden verandah which encloses the girth of the building. LMS CHURCH URBAN STUDY UNIVERSITY LIBRARY The building stands out from the other public Built to commemorate the golden jubilee of buildings by the unique treatment of its towers. Queen Victoria’s administration. The building Thought the rest of the façade is hidden by an was inaugurated in 1896 by Sri Moolam ThirunalThis market entrance gate was built during the Maharaja. This was the first legislative assembly array of tall trees, the central tower flanked by 2reign of Sri-Moolam Thirunal, in memory of the hall of Travancore. The building is built in british small ones stand out.visit of Mr. Connemara, the governor of Madras style with pointed arches. The façade and soaringin 1888. The entrance gate has a pointed arch tower is rich in decoration .
  15. 15. INFRASTRUCTURE traffic corridor. ACTIVITY 15 • Interrupted road geometry by narrow roads JUNCTION ACTIVITY TYPE OF ACTIVITY OBSERVATIONSTRAFFIC COMPOSITION and uncontrolled building activity. GENERATORS • Inadequate parking facility resulting in UNIVERSITY STADIUM Venue for sports events hosted by college. In close proximity to chandrasekhar nair Stadium. street parking reducing capacity of available Frequented by joggers during early morning hours Main road serves as the link between The college and stadium. carriageway. LMS CHURCH Venue for religious activity, weddings,Exhibitions, Sufficient space within the church compund LMS JUNCTION • Pedestrian links are broken. Walking in the sales etc. Spill over during Festivals - vendors for parking and other activity.peak time - mass and parking. Hours.lms school auditorium used for the church city is found to be a disjoint experience. related and other activities.major spill over • Lack of road discipline in among road users activity – processions in the area. ST. JOSEPH’S CHURCH Seasonal activity like feasts and other church People frequent the shrines during the morning Celebrations. Peak activity during mass hours. Hours. • Absence of cycle paths or alternative non- FINE ARTS COLLEGE Two Shrines within the compound. polluting transport means. JUNCTION CHANDRASEKHAR Seasonal activity like fairs and stage shows. Venue Traffic congestion during stage shows hampering NAIR STADIUM for major and minor sports activities. Surrounding activities.Insufficient parking Space • Regular traffic blockages due to during peak hours.JUNCTION STUDY demonstrations and similar events which PALAYAM MOSQUE Intense activity during weekdays - prayer hours Martyr’s square used as a venue for meetings and spill over into roads. (12:30 - 2) protests. High intense activity during prayer hour on fridays No designed seating area. Spill over activity - hawkers, parking Pedestrian pathways cleared of leaves and maintained by the corporation. MICRO LEVEL EXISTING Police patrolling after every 15 minutes. ROAD NETWORK TEMPLE Minor generator. Frequent patrolling. PALAYAM JUNCTION Adjacent to mosque. Peak time - 6am - 7am. Activity during morning hours. Spill over activity - processions during festivals. CONNEMARA MARKET Loading and unloading. House wives frequent between 11am - 12pm. Waste disposal and maintainence. Office goers between 4pm - pm. Spill over activity - hawkers in the immediate Saturday exceptionally busy. vicinity of market. SECRETARIAT Mainly political activities Protest processions and meetings held in front STATUE JUNCTION of secretariat. SPENCER JUNCTION Traffic, commercial and religious activity. No proper shading space for loading and Spill over activity - parking, loading nd unloading. unloading spaces. Religious processions from church. Unutilised space in fron of the arcade. No parking for church. KERALA UNIVERITY Heavy traffic. Peak activity during morning and evening hours. Pedestrians comprise of kerala university staff Majority comprises staff members during morning and students. and evening hours and students during mid-day. LMS CHURCH DURING MASS HOURS UNIVERSITY JUNCTION Spill over activity - hawkers. UNIVERSITY LIBRARY Frequented by students from various colleges. Book sellers stationed in front of kerala university Peak hours after 4pm. shifted to the road behind the saphalyam complex due to road widening. UNIVERSITY COLLEGE Mainly educational activity. Traffic snarls are a regular occurrence.TRANSPORTATION - ISSUES: Sports activities, cultural events and meetings for Pedestrians, especially bus commuters find it• MG road connects linearly the old historic students and staff held within the compound. difficult to cross the road. textures in North and commercial hub in the VJT HALL Mainly seasonal activity like fairs and exhibitons. Traffic snarls are a regular occurrence. VJT JUNCTION Insufficient parking space for those frequenting Pedestrians, especially bus commuters find it south but lacks cohesiveness. the hall. difficult to cross the road. It functions 4 days a week on a regular basis and 7• MG road caters to maximum traffic volume days during peak seasons. URBAN STUDY which requires a road width of 27 m (3 lane SANSKRIT COLLEGE Mainly educational activity. Complements nearby commercial ventures. VJT JUNCTION DURING TRAFFIC JAM : 7AM - 9AM road), decreases the mobility and efficiency.• The area lacks a coherent pedestrian link in several stretches broken by encroached parking and ill – maintained paths while in other cases these paths are totally absent.• High degree of vehicular – vehicular, vehicular-pedestrian and pedestrian- pedestrian conflicts at intersections of PALAYAM STRETCH AT DESERTED HOURS FINE ARTS JUNCTION AT 7AM - 9AM LMS JUNCTION DURING TRAFFIC HOURS TRAFFIC JAM AT STATUE JUNCTION 9AM - 7PM
  16. 16. MORPHOLOGY NODE STUDY 16 NODE ACTIVITY OBSERVATION NODE ACTIVITY OBSERVATION GENERATORS:SHAPE OF THIRUVANANTHAPURAM GENERATORS: student’s centre, It is a traffic node as it is a point from university stadium, which radiates bus routes to several parts Secretariat, The secretariat is Symbolic of city’s image of the city, mainly to East and North thiru- Thiruvanthapuram madhav rao statue, even to an outsider. Monumental scale bus stop vananthapuram. Activity is accentuated with colonial features depicting authority important bldg: takes an overall commercial units, and power .foliage frames the the impos- mascot hotel, le- by street vendors. public & semi STATUE JN. satellite form – there is P.M.G ing structure. Secretariat and its associ- gistlative assembly public units. ated annex generate political activities. a constellation of Pedestrian path fronting it spans political cities around a main activity. Surrounding haphazard develop- ment diminishes building significance. centre. The city Contrasting character both sides of the road. madhavarao statue is an important consists of sub node multinucleated towncentres interconnected by radial and ring road railway stn, thea- It marks the start of East Fort area. Domi- Martyr’s column, It’s the meeting point of the two major tres, commercial nated by commercial activity. It is a nodenetworks. The CBD includes the Palayam stretch. csn stadium, st transportation spines. Point of pedestrian units, school connecting the major transportation hubs - vehicular conflict because of the conver- of the city – thampanoor railway station, OVERBRIDGE joseph cathedral,The network radiates from this polarizing centre. connemera market, gence of two roads. Witness to religious, bus stand and Eastfort bus stand. it can PALAYAMRibbon development is seen along the transport. palayam mosque political, commercial and social activities. Potential to be transformed into the be identified as an extrovert nodeIt also acts as an edge between Eastfort area andSKYLINE nucleus of the city. Street presents mixed Palayam area. character. Identified as a visual link,In this city there are very few points from which providing imageable views and vistas.the skyline can be viewed. Martyr’s column serves as a congrega- tion space. ZPalayam Masjid, PalayamHere the skyline is dominated by green patches, Temple and St. Joseph cathedral showstowers of a few tall buildings and mobile receiving V co-existence of communal harmony.towers. Rest of the structures are hidden under Univ. senate, univ. The crowd is dominated by college museum complex, It is a major generator for recreational students. Major generator of educational kanakakunnu pal- purpose. It attracts people of all ages. It library, mla quar-the green cover. is a node of historical importance. The ASHAN SQUARE ters, bus stop activity. Univ. Senate building is oriented ace, pwd office for maximum focus, therefore diminishing complex consists of Napier museum, Art MUSEUM the importance of surrounding buildings. museum, Zoo, Snake park and Children’s Peak hours of activity during day time park. It is the sole open space in the city. – 9 am. To 4 pm. the univ. lib. and mla It is an introvert node as the activities are quarters are secondary crowd generators. concentrated within the museum com- presence of a bus stop nearby draws plex. Kanakakunnu palace compliments pedestrian masses to the area. to this node. vjt hall, univ. col- it is a point of pedestrian - vehicular ayurveda college, Dominated by commercial activity as conflict because of the convergeance of commercial units, well as entertainment and educational lege, saphalyam 2 routes and heavy pedestrian movement theATRE, bus stop activity. It is also a traffic node owing to complex, south AYURVEDA CLG. due to presence of the college. vjt as well the presence of a bus stop in front of thePATH park as the commercial strip in this stretch lack college.Vehicular - vehicular and pedestrian - sufficient parking spaces. though there V.J.T is a mix of different building styles, eachvehicular conflict area. Significance - 2 major complements the other. ongoing roadtransportation spines intersect at palayam. widening to accomodate more traffic flow. shady walkways being demolished.Identity of the path varies throughout the stretch higher degree of enclosure is felt.-though continuous, it lacks cohesiveness. Lmsarea. Insufficient congregation space, street commercial units, It can be identified as a traffic nodes as URBAN STUDYfurniture and signage. petrol pump. it is the meeting point of many routes. LMS CHURCH Potential to be developed into a future BAKERY JUNCTION Point of vehicular-vehicular conflict. Area node, but lacks prominace in the present important bldg: rbi of heavy through traffic. No stopping context. Remodeling of the traffic move- points. Ongoing road development. High ment pattern as well as the immediate potential corridor. surroundings can considerably change the LMS JN. face of this junction. Current traffic move- ment pattern can be rerouted to divert focus to the LMS Church.