Assistive Technology And Special Education


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A paper about how Assistive Technology (AT) is beneficial in the Special Education classroom.

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Assistive Technology And Special Education

  1. 1. What is “AT”……<br />“any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially or off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capabilities of individuals with disabilities” [Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEIA 2004), 20 U.S.C. 1401 (251)]<br />Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  2. 2. Types of AT:<br /><ul><li>Communication Boards
  3. 3. Switch-Accessible Books
  4. 4. Electronic Speech Aids
  5. 5. Clock-like Rotary Scanning Devices
  6. 6. Alternate Membrane Keyboards</li></ul>Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  7. 7. AT=Independence<br /><ul><li>Communication Boards:”homemade” or computerized
  8. 8. Switch-Accessible Books: operated with switches
  9. 9. Electronic Speech Aids: machine speaks for the child
  10. 10. Clock-like Rotary Scanning Devices: operated with switches to select a pointer to convey messages
  11. 11. Alternate Membrane Keyboards: special letters or numbers, large print, or touch sensitivity options</li></ul>Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  12. 12. Why AT in School?<br /><ul><li>Inclusion as a part of IDEA</li></ul>The Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEIA 2004) requires that educators include special education students in the general education setting.<br />Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  13. 13. How AT is used in General Ed:<br /><ul><li>Communication Boards: a student can communicate his or her needs by selecting a picture symbol or by pressing a button on an electronic board
  14. 14. Switch-Accessible Books: a student can participate in reading through hitting a switch to select a reading, turn pages, and have text read
  15. 15. Electronic Speech Aids: a student can participate through using prerecorded sentences stored on a device</li></ul>Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  16. 16. How AT is used in General Ed Continued….<br /><ul><li>Clock-like Rotary Scanning Devices: a young student can participate in circle-time activities such as telling time by using a switch to stop a pointer on the correct answer
  17. 17. Alternate Membrane Keyboards: a student can participate by using a keyboard that is suitable for his or her disability resulting in easy classroom participation</li></ul>Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  18. 18. AT=Independence<br />At home……<br /><ul><li>Specialized toys
  19. 19. Computer programs
  20. 20. Using the same tools that are used in school</li></ul>Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  21. 21. Whyuse AT in School and in the Home?<br />“repetition facilitates learning”<br />National Center to Improve Practice<br /><br />Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  22. 22. Obtaining Interactive Technology at Home-<br />Organizations:<br />LEKOTEK (<br />The National Center to Improve Practice (<br />Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />
  23. 23. The IDEA Intent and AT:<br />The intent of IDEA is to educate as many students with disabilities as possible in the regular education classroom, while still meeting a child’s unique, individual needs. Assistive Technology addresses a child’s individual needs by providing devices to help a child to perform and to succeed in general education setting.<br />Assistive Technology and Special Education<br />