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The Indian Removal Act
and the
Trail of Tears
• As the United States expanded
westward, Native Americans were
still living in the eastern part of the
country
• Groups k...
• In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The federal government
would pay the Native Americans to give up their ...
• One group refused to give up their land
• In spite of a treaty from the 1790s which recognized the Cherokee people as
th...
• In 1838 General Winfield Scott
and his army of federal troops
went to remove the Cherokee
from their land
• Scott threat...
• The long march to the West claimed thousands of lives due to disease
and brutal weather
• The forced journey of the Cher...
Soc studies #27 the indian removal act and the
Soc studies #27 the indian removal act and the
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Soc studies #27 the indian removal act and the

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Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears

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Soc studies #27 the indian removal act and the

  1. 1. The Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears
  2. 2. • As the United States expanded westward, Native Americans were still living in the eastern part of the country • Groups known as the “Five Civilized Tribes” had established successful farming communities in the Southeast • Many settlers wanted the federal government to relocate the tribes, proposing that the Native Americans be forced to leave their land and move west of the Mississippi River
  3. 3. • In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. The federal government would pay the Native Americans to give up their land and move west. • In 1834, the Indian Territory (in present-day Oklahoma) was created for the relocated Native Americans
  4. 4. • One group refused to give up their land • In spite of a treaty from the 1790s which recognized the Cherokee people as their own nation, the state of Georgia would not honor the agreement of the treaty • The Cherokee sued first the state government, then took their case to the Supreme Court. In 1832, it was ruled that the state could not interfere with the Cherokee. • President Andrew Jackson had supported Georgia’s efforts to remove the Cherokee; he took no action against Georgia to make the state follow the Supreme Court’s ruling
  5. 5. • In 1838 General Winfield Scott and his army of federal troops went to remove the Cherokee from their land • Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave peacefully • Knowing that they did not have the power to fight, the Cherokee leaders were forced to give in
  6. 6. • The long march to the West claimed thousands of lives due to disease and brutal weather • The forced journey of the Cherokee became known as the Trail of Tears

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