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Sentences8th gradegrammar1


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8th Grade review of the elements of and types of sentences

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Sentences8th gradegrammar1

  2. 2. • A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. • Every sentence contains at least one independent (or main) clause. • Different types of sentences have different purposes. A sentence can make a statement, ask a question, give a command, or express strong feeling.
  3. 3. 1. Edgar Allan Poe wrote suspenseful short stories. (declarative) 2. Did Poe also write poetry? (interrogative) 3. Read “Annabel Lee”. (imperative) 4. What a great writer he was! (exclamatory) • ALL sentences begin with a CAPITAL LETTER and end with a PUNCTUATION MARK. • The punctuation market the end of the sentence is determined by the purpose of that sentence.
  4. 4. • Every sentence must have a subject and a predicate. • The predicate part of a sentence includes a verb that expresses action or state of being Emily Dickinson wrote many poems about nature. • The subject is a noun or pronoun that names someone or something to do the action or to have that state of being. Emily Dickinson wrote many poems about nature.
  5. 5. Remember the being verbs? Here they are: am, is, are, was, were, be, being, been
  6. 6. • Subjects and verbs must AGREE with one another in number (singular or plural). • If a subject is singular, its verb must also be singular; if a subject is plural, its verb must also be plural.
  7. 7. • In the present tense, nouns and verbs form plurals in opposite ways: nouns ADD an s to the singular form; verbs REMOVE the s from the singular form.
  8. 8. • A group of words that does not express a complete thought is a sentence fragment. • We often speak in fragments; however, in formal writing it is incorrect to use fragments.
  9. 9. • A run-on sentence contains too many clauses, and lacks correct punctuation. • Run-on sentences make it difficult for a reader to understand a writer’s intent. • For CLARITY in your writing, AVOID FRAGMENTS AND RUN-ONS.