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  2. 2. TERMS: 1. Blessed – holy; the second “step” to sainthood 2. Beatified – officially declared blessed 3. Canon – Church law 4. Canonize – to officially declare someone to be a saint of the Catholic Church 5. Doctor of the Church – a religious writer whose work is considered to be an important contribution to the Church. Their writings are not considered to be infallible (free from error)
  3. 3. 6. Evangelize – to preach the Gospel 7. Intercession – a prayer to God on behalf of another 8. Martyr – one who suffers or dies for his or her beliefs 9. Mystic – relating to religious mysteries 10. Patron Saint – a saint who is regarded as an advocate or intercessor of a nation, craft, place, class, occupation, or person 11. Stigmata – marks or sores corresponding to the wounds of Christ 12. Venerable – worthy of high honor; the first “step” to sainthood
  4. 4. How does someone become a saint? •The Catholic church has canonized around 3,000 people -- the exact number is unknown because not all saints were officially canonized. •* According to the Catholic church, the pope does not make someone a saint -- the designation of sainthood only recognizes what God has already done. •For centuries, saints were chosen through public opinion. •In the 10th century, Pope John XV developed an official canonization process. * Canonization has been revised in the last 1,000 years, most recently by Pope John Paul II in 1983. Pope John Paul II, who canonized more than 280 people, made several changes to the canonization process. * The process of becoming a Catholic saint is very lengthy, often taking decades or centuries to complete. * One rule prevents the process of canonization from beginning until five years following the candidate's death. This rule has traditionally been used to allow for a more objective look at a person's life and achievements.
  5. 5. Here are the steps that must be followed: * A local bishop investigates the candidate's life and writings for evidence of heroic virtue. The information uncovered by the bishop is sent to the Vatican. * A panel of theologians and the cardinals of the Congregation for Cause of Saints evaluate the candidate's life. * If the panel approves, the pope proclaims that the candidate is venerable, which means that the person is a role model of Catholic virtues. * The next step toward sainthood is beatification. Beatification allows a person to be honored by a particular group or region. In order to beatify a candidate, it must be shown that the person is responsible for a posthumous (after death) miracle. Martyrs, those who died for their religious cause, can be beatified without evidence of a miracle. * In order for the candidate to be considered a saint, there must be proof of a second posthumous miracle. If there is, the person is canonized. * These miracles must be submitted to the Vatican for verification. Once a person is a saint, he or she is recommended to the entire Catholic church for veneration. Some saints are selected as patron saints, special protectors or guardians over particular occupations, illnesses, churches, countries or causes.
  6. 6. St. Elizabeth Ann Seton *Feast Day – January 4 *First native-born American saint •Born to a wealthy Episcopal family, she married at age 19 and had 5 children. While her children were still young, her husband died. •In 1805 Elizabeth converted to Catholicism and opened a girls’ Catholic school in Baltimore, Maryland. •In 1809, she founded the Sisters of Charity, the first American religious community for women * Patron of widows
  7. 7. St. John Neumann •Feast day – January 5 •Fourth bishop of Philadelphia •John Neumann established the first Catholic Schools in the United States. •He died in 1860 in Philadelphia, where he is buried. •He was the first American man to be canonized. •Patron of Catholic Education
  8. 8. St. Thomas Aquinas •Feast Day – Jan. 28 •A bright student, Thomas Aquinas was called “dumb ox” by classmates because he was quiet. •He joined the Dominicans, a group of poor friars, and studied science and theology. •He is a Doctor of the Church because of his writings. •His most famous work is Summa Theologica, five volumes about the Christian mysteries. •Patron of students and theologians
  9. 9. St. Blase •Feast day – February 3 •Bishop and martyr •St. Blase had been a doctor before he was ordained a priest •A legend says that he cured a boy who had a bone stuck in his throat •Patron of protection of the throat
  10. 10. St. Katharine Drexel •Feast day – March 3 •An heiress from Philadelphia, Katharine Drexel gave up her money to join the Sisters of Mercy •In 1891, she founded the Sisters of the Blessed Sacrament •She worked to establish missions for Native Americans, and spoke our against racism and other injustices •Canonized by Pope John Paul II in 2000 •Patron of philanthropists
  11. 11. St. Patrick •Feast Day – March 17 •St. Patrick became a priest after suffering poverty and imprisonment in Ireland. •At 42, he was ordained a bishop and sent to Northern Ireland, where no one had preached the Gospel before. •To show that the Blessed Trinity is three divine Persons in One God, St. Patrick used a shamrock. •St. Patrick is the Patron Saint of Ireland
  12. 12. St. Joseph •Feast Day: March 19 (and May 1, St. Joseph the Worker) •St. Joseph was a carpenter in Nazareth. He protected and provided for Mary and Jesus even when they were in hiding from Herod. •Scripture refers to Joseph as a law-abiding and holy man •St. Joseph is the Patron of fathers, carpenters, the Universal Church, and a happy death
  13. 13. St. Bernadette of Lourdes •Feast Day: April 16 •St. Bernadette lived a poor, uneducated life in Lourdes, France •Bernadette suffered from asthma and was sickly all her life. •In 1858 she had the first of 18 visions of the Blessed Mother. When Bernadette asked the Woman her name, she said, “I am the Immaculate Conception.” •In 1864, Bernadette entered the convent. She died in 1879 and was canonized in 1933. •Patron saint of asthma sufferers and the ill
  14. 14. Blessed Kateri Tekakwitha Feast Day – April 17 -Kateri had been the daughter of a Christian woman and a Mohawk chief -She converted and was baptized by a Jesuit missionary in 1676 -She was shunned by her family because of her faith -Deeply spiritual, known for her chaste and simple life - Called the “Lily of the Mohawks” - Beatified in 1980 by Pope John Paul II - Patron of ecology - She will be canonized in October 2012 by Pope Benedict and the environment XIV
  15. 15. St. Dymphna •Feast Day – May 15 •Born into a royal family in 17th Century Ireland, Dymphna was devoted to Christ. •When she was 14, her mother died. This caused her father to suffer an emotional collapse. In his confused state, he became convinced that Dymphna should take the place of her mother. When Dymphna refused, her father killed her. •St. Dymphna is the Patron of the emotionally ill