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Nouns and pronouns


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Nouns and pronouns

  1. 1. NOUNS A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
  2. 2. COMMON and PROPER NOUNS • A common noun names any person, place, thing or idea – book, dog, girl, building, city • A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. A proper noun must begin with a CAPITAL LETTER. – The Hobbit, Spot, Sally, White House, Philadelphia SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS – A singular noun names ONE person, place, thing or idea – A plural noun names more than one
  3. 3. CONCRETE and ABSTRACT NOUNS • A concrete noun names something that can be identified through one of the senses – tree, chair, music, school – An abstract noun names a quality or idea that cannot be seen, felt, tasted, heard, or smelled • kindness, health, love; honesty
  4. 4. COLLECTIVE NOUNS and COMPOUND NOUNS • A collective noun names a group or collection of people, animals, or things. Collective nouns indicate more than one, even in their singular form. – flock, army, crowd, team * A compound noun is a noun made up of two or more words. Compound nouns may be written as one word, separated with a space, or joined by a hyphen - hometown, ice cream, mother-in-law FYI – Some words may be used as a noun or a verb. You can tell which part of speech it is by how it is used in a sentence 1) Lisa sat on the step. (step is a noun) 2) You should step around that big rock. (step is a verb)
  5. 5. PLURAL NOUNS and POSSESSIVE NOUNS • Plural indicates more than one. Add an s to form the plural of most nouns: The students are ready for the quiz. • Singular possessive shows that one person or thing has or owns something. Add ’s to form the singular possessive of most nouns: That student’s desk is a mess. • Plural possessive indicates that more than one person or thing owns or has something. Form the plural possessive of most nouns by adding s’: All the students’ books are new. • FYI: A contraction may use an apostrophe + s (‘s) to replace the being verb is: Which student’s competing in the contest?
  6. 6. PRONOUNS • Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. • An antecedent is the noun to which a pronoun refers: – Kerry is my niece. She was born in 1997. She is a pronoun; Kerry is the antecedent of she. – Pronouns that refer to people or things are called personal pronouns. – Nouns and pronouns can do these jobs in a sentence: subject, predicate noun, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition – Nouns and pronouns may also be appositives, show possession, or be used in direct address
  7. 7. POSSESSIVE NOUNS AND PRONOUNS • In the possessive case nouns and pronouns show ownership • Possessive nouns and pronouns function as adjectives in a sentence • Possessives tell to whom something belongs. – EX: 1. Roland saved the king’s life. – 2. The girls’ uniforms are red plaid. – 3. Our class is always busy. • REMEMBER – singular possessive nouns usually end in ‘s plural possessive nouns usually end in s’ PLURAL NOUNS THAT ARE NOT POSSESSIVE DO NOT NEED AN APOSTROPHE! EX: We made five pizzas. (plural) The pizzas’ toppings were varied. (plural possessive) The pizza’s cheese fell on the floor. (singular possessive)
  8. 8. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS • Singular | Plural • First Person my, mine | our, ours • Second Person your, yours | your, yours • Third Person her, his, its | their, theirs • hers – BE CAREFUL WITH HOMOPHONES: • your ------- you’re • their - there - they’re