Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Nouns and pronouns

1,443 views

Published on

  • Be the first to comment

Nouns and pronouns

  1. 1. NOUNS A noun is a word that names a person, place, thing, or idea
  2. 2. COMMON and PROPER NOUNS • A common noun names any person, place, thing or idea – book, dog, girl, building, city • A proper noun names a specific person, place, or thing. A proper noun must begin with a CAPITAL LETTER. – The Hobbit, Spot, Sally, White House, Philadelphia SINGULAR AND PLURAL NOUNS – A singular noun names ONE person, place, thing or idea – A plural noun names more than one
  3. 3. CONCRETE and ABSTRACT NOUNS • A concrete noun names something that can be identified through one of the senses – tree, chair, music, school – An abstract noun names a quality or idea that cannot be seen, felt, tasted, heard, or smelled • kindness, health, love; honesty
  4. 4. COLLECTIVE NOUNS and COMPOUND NOUNS • A collective noun names a group or collection of people, animals, or things. Collective nouns indicate more than one, even in their singular form. – flock, army, crowd, team * A compound noun is a noun made up of two or more words. Compound nouns may be written as one word, separated with a space, or joined by a hyphen - hometown, ice cream, mother-in-law FYI – Some words may be used as a noun or a verb. You can tell which part of speech it is by how it is used in a sentence 1) Lisa sat on the step. (step is a noun) 2) You should step around that big rock. (step is a verb)
  5. 5. PLURAL NOUNS and POSSESSIVE NOUNS • Plural indicates more than one. Add an s to form the plural of most nouns: The students are ready for the quiz. • Singular possessive shows that one person or thing has or owns something. Add ’s to form the singular possessive of most nouns: That student’s desk is a mess. • Plural possessive indicates that more than one person or thing owns or has something. Form the plural possessive of most nouns by adding s’: All the students’ books are new. • FYI: A contraction may use an apostrophe + s (‘s) to replace the being verb is: Which student’s competing in the contest?
  6. 6. PRONOUNS • Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns. • An antecedent is the noun to which a pronoun refers: – Kerry is my niece. She was born in 1997. She is a pronoun; Kerry is the antecedent of she. – Pronouns that refer to people or things are called personal pronouns. – Nouns and pronouns can do these jobs in a sentence: subject, predicate noun, direct object, indirect object, or object of a preposition – Nouns and pronouns may also be appositives, show possession, or be used in direct address
  7. 7. POSSESSIVE NOUNS AND PRONOUNS • In the possessive case nouns and pronouns show ownership • Possessive nouns and pronouns function as adjectives in a sentence • Possessives tell to whom something belongs. – EX: 1. Roland saved the king’s life. – 2. The girls’ uniforms are red plaid. – 3. Our class is always busy. • REMEMBER – singular possessive nouns usually end in ‘s plural possessive nouns usually end in s’ PLURAL NOUNS THAT ARE NOT POSSESSIVE DO NOT NEED AN APOSTROPHE! EX: We made five pizzas. (plural) The pizzas’ toppings were varied. (plural possessive) The pizza’s cheese fell on the floor. (singular possessive)
  8. 8. POSSESSIVE PRONOUNS • Singular | Plural • First Person my, mine | our, ours • Second Person your, yours | your, yours • Third Person her, his, its | their, theirs • hers – BE CAREFUL WITH HOMOPHONES: • your ------- you’re • their - there - they’re

×