SENTENCES:SENTENCES: Simple, Compound,Simple, Compound, andand ComplexComplex
⇒A simple sentence contains a subject and a ...
⇒A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses.
⇒The clauses in a compound sentence are joined by a coordin...
PRACTICE: Identify each sentence as simple or compound
1. Katie, Shannon, Kerry, Amie and Rebecca are my five nieces.
2. W...
COMPLEX SENTENCESCOMPLEX SENTENCES
*A complex sentence contains one independentindependent
(main) clause, and one dependen...
EXAMPLES:EXAMPLES:
1. Because I grew up in Philadelphia, I have seen the Liberty Bell
many times.
subordinate clause
2. Je...
SUBORDINATE or DEPENDANT CLAUSES may begin with a
relative pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, or that
Some subordinate clau...
•HIGHLIGHT THE SUBORDINATE CLAUSE IN EACH COMPLEX SENTENCE
* LABEL THE SIMPLE SUBJECT AND SIMPLE PREDICATE in ALL MAIN &
S...
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C dand cxsentences

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C dand cxsentences

  1. 1. SENTENCES:SENTENCES: Simple, Compound,Simple, Compound, andand ComplexComplex ⇒A simple sentence contains a subject and a predicate, either of which may be compound. ⇒A simple sentence contains one independent clause which expresses a complete thought. ⇒An independent or main clause is a group of words that can stand alone as a sentence 1. We enjoyed the film very much. 2. Betty and Nikki are my sister’s pets. 3. Tony can dive and swim well.
  2. 2. ⇒A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses. ⇒The clauses in a compound sentence are joined by a coordinate conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, therefore) or by a semicolon (;) ⇒A compound sentence contains two or more simple sentences that express closely related ideas. ⇒Each clause in a compound sentence may be called a main clause or a principal clause 1. I like chocolate butbut Maria prefers vanilla. 2. Oz is a strange place andand Dorothy wants to go home. 3. Andrew sings in the band;; Paul plays guitar. 4. Would you like to go to the mall oror do you want to stay home?
  3. 3. PRACTICE: Identify each sentence as simple or compound 1. Katie, Shannon, Kerry, Amie and Rebecca are my five nieces. 2. We have a nephew named Jackson, too. 3. Amie, Rebecca and Jackson live in Maryland, but Katie, Shannon and Kerry live in Pennsylvania. 4. I love penguins but Katie likes frogs. 5. February 23 is Kate’s birthday; she was born in 1993. 6. Both Shannon and Rebecca draw and sculpt well. 7. Amie is the oldest girl and Kerry is the youngest. 8. Amie is in college; Shannon is a high school student. 9. Both Katie and Shannon like to bake. 10. All of the kids work hard and enjoy many hobbies. 11. The Ryans are my sister’s girls and the Severinos are my brother-in-law’s children.
  4. 4. COMPLEX SENTENCESCOMPLEX SENTENCES *A complex sentence contains one independentindependent (main) clause, and one dependentdependent (subordinate) clause. => A subordinate clause contains a subject and a predicate, but CANNOT stand alone as a sentence. => A subordinate clause does not express a complete thought. It is dependent on the main clause to complete its meaning. Text pg. 469
  5. 5. EXAMPLES:EXAMPLES: 1. Because I grew up in Philadelphia, I have seen the Liberty Bell many times. subordinate clause 2. Jenna washed the dishes while Ben did the laundry. subordinate clause 3. Milton’s desk, which is an antique, needs repairs. subordinate clause 4. I will give the prize to whomever answers the question correctly.
  6. 6. SUBORDINATE or DEPENDANT CLAUSES may begin with a relative pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, or that Some subordinate clauses may begin with a subordinate conjunction: after since whenever although so where as than whereas as if though wherever because unless while before until when if Other subordinate clauses may begin: how when whom however where whoever that which whomever what whichever whose who why whatever
  7. 7. •HIGHLIGHT THE SUBORDINATE CLAUSE IN EACH COMPLEX SENTENCE * LABEL THE SIMPLE SUBJECT AND SIMPLE PREDICATE in ALL MAIN & SUBORDINATE CLAUSES 1. After he ate the whole pizza, Jack felt sick. 2. One author whose work I enjoy is Stephen King. 3. Krystal does well in school because she studies every night. 4. We will play whatever game Marla wants. 5. Before the printing press was invented, few people had access to books. 6. Because I am a vegetarian, I eat a variety of plant foods. 7. Bernadette will make some cookies if she has the ingredients.

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