SENTENCES:SENTENCES: Simple, Compound,Simple, Compound, andand ComplexComplex
⇒A simple sentence contains a subject and a predicate, either
of which may be compound.
⇒A simple sentence contains one independent clause which
expresses a complete thought.
⇒An independent or main clause is a group of words that can
stand alone as a sentence
1. We enjoyed the film very much.
2. Betty and Nikki are my sister’s pets.
3. Tony can dive and swim well.
⇒A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses.
⇒The clauses in a compound sentence are joined by a coordinate
conjunction (and, but, or, nor, for, therefore) or by a semicolon (;)
⇒A compound sentence contains two or more simple sentences that
express closely related ideas.
⇒Each clause in a compound sentence may be called a main clause
or a principal clause
1. I like chocolate butbut Maria prefers vanilla.
2. Oz is a strange place andand Dorothy wants to go home.
3. Andrew sings in the band;; Paul plays guitar.
4. Would you like to go to the mall oror do you want to stay home?
PRACTICE: Identify each sentence as simple or compound
1. Katie, Shannon, Kerry, Amie and Rebecca are my five nieces.
2. We have a nephew named Jackson, too.
3. Amie, Rebecca and Jackson live in Maryland, but Katie, Shannon and
Kerry live in Pennsylvania.
4. I love penguins but Katie likes frogs.
5. February 23 is Kate’s birthday; she was born in 1993.
6. Both Shannon and Rebecca draw and sculpt well.
7. Amie is the oldest girl and Kerry is the youngest.
8. Amie is in college; Shannon is a high school student.
9. Both Katie and Shannon like to bake.
10. All of the kids work hard and enjoy many hobbies.
11. The Ryans are my sister’s girls and the Severinos are my brother-in-law’s
COMPLEX SENTENCESCOMPLEX SENTENCES
*A complex sentence contains one independentindependent
(main) clause, and one dependentdependent (subordinate)
=> A subordinate clause contains a subject
and a predicate, but CANNOT stand alone as a
=> A subordinate clause does not express a
complete thought. It is dependent on the main
clause to complete its meaning.
Text pg. 469
1. Because I grew up in Philadelphia, I have seen the Liberty Bell
2. Jenna washed the dishes while Ben did the laundry.
3. Milton’s desk, which is an antique, needs repairs.
4. I will give the prize to whomever answers the question correctly.
SUBORDINATE or DEPENDANT CLAUSES may begin with a
relative pronoun: who, whom, whose, which, or that
Some subordinate clauses may begin with a subordinate conjunction:
after since whenever
although so where
as than whereas
as if though wherever
because unless while
before until when
Other subordinate clauses may begin:
how when whom
however where whoever
that which whomever
what whichever whose
who why whatever
•HIGHLIGHT THE SUBORDINATE CLAUSE IN EACH COMPLEX SENTENCE
* LABEL THE SIMPLE SUBJECT AND SIMPLE PREDICATE in ALL MAIN &
1. After he ate the whole pizza, Jack felt sick.
2. One author whose work I enjoy is Stephen King.
3. Krystal does well in school because she studies every night.
4. We will play whatever game Marla wants.
5. Before the printing press was invented, few people had access to
6. Because I am a vegetarian, I eat a variety of plant foods.
7. Bernadette will make some cookies if she has the ingredients.