World War Looms Section 1 – Dictators Threaten World Peace Section 2 – War in Europe Section 3 – The Holocaust Section 4 –...
Section 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace
Dictators <ul><li>Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Italy – Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Germany – Adol...
Stalin <ul><li>Did away with private businesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“collectives” = huge state-owned farms </li></ul></u...
Mussolini <ul><li>Fascism – strong, central government with a dictator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows from extreme nationalis...
Hitler <ul><li>Nazism – German “brand” of fascism </li></ul><ul><li>Germans were the “master race” </li></ul><ul><li>Germa...
Japan <ul><li>Military leaders take over </li></ul><ul><li>Want more land and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Attack Manchuria...
League of Nations <ul><li>Established after WWI to prevent aggressive acts ~ such as Japan’s </li></ul><ul><li>Had to have...
Hitler & Mussolini <ul><li>Watched closely at how the League dealt with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler broke the Treaty of...
Franco <ul><li>Fascist general </li></ul><ul><li>Led rebellion – overthrew elected government in 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Su...
Isolationism in the US <ul><li>Anti-war rallies held </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality Acts passed </li></ul><ul><li>FDR seemed...
Section 2 War in Europe
Hitler Expands <ul><li>Wants to Annex Austria and Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Favored by Germans </li></ul></ul><...
Munich Pact <ul><li>France and Britain – defend Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>September 1938 – French, British, and Ger...
“Peace with Honor” <ul><li>Neville Chamberlain – British prime minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed Munich Pact </li></ul...
LEAD to WAR <ul><li>March 1939 – Hitler conquers Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Accuses Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hit...
Blitzkrieg <ul><li>Lightning War </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1939 – Hitler attacks Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fell in...
The Soviet Union <ul><li>Attack Poland from the east as Germany is attacking from the west </li></ul><ul><li>While phony w...
Spring 1940 <ul><li>April – Hitler invades Denmark and Norway </li></ul><ul><li>May – takes the Netherlands, Belgium, and ...
Italy joins Germany <ul><li>Attack France from the south </li></ul><ul><li>June 1940 – France surrenders </li></ul><ul><ul...
Invasion on Britain <ul><li>Air raids over England </li></ul><ul><li>Entire month of August 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>RAF – d...
Section 3 The  Holocaust
Persecution <ul><li>Hitler wants to make Germany “racially” pure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders all non-Aryans out of govern...
Hitler vs. the Jews <ul><li>Persecution increased </li></ul><ul><li>No civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow stars of Davi...
Kristallnacht <ul><li>November 9 – 10, 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>“crystal night”  </li></ul><ul><li>Organized, violent persec...
Jews seek refuge <ul><li>Flee Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis favor this </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries did not accept ...
Final Solution <ul><li>1939 – only ¼ million Jews left in Germany… other countries have millions </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimat...
Jewish Ghettos <ul><li>Segregated Jewish areas </li></ul><ul><li>Sealed off </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to work in German fac...
Final Stage <ul><li>Jews sent to concentration camps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffered terribly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1941 –...
Section 4 America Moves Toward War
US Neutrality <ul><li>Neutrality Acts – US not allowed to enter war in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR suggests “cash and...
The Axis Powers <ul><li>1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign mutual defense treaty </li></ul><ul><li>US goes to war with ...
US prepares <ul><li>FDR prepares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Britain yet… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assures people US ...
Lend-Lease Act <ul><li>FDR tells US people – cannot watch Hitler conquer the world </li></ul><ul><li>US – “the great arsen...
Germany keeps going <ul><li>Invades Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US give lend-lease support to Soviets </li></ul></u...
US plans for war <ul><li>Secret meeting – August 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Charter signed </li></ul><ul><li>26 natio...
War Inevitable <ul><li>Sept. 4, 1941 – U-boat fires on US merchant ship </li></ul><ul><li>FDR orders US Navy to fire on si...
PEARL HARBOR <ul><li>December 7, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Main US naval base attacked by Japan </li></ul><ul><li>US Pacific ...
Japan Strikes <ul><li>Japan seizes Asian territory  </li></ul><ul><li>Invades Indochina – US cuts off trade </li></ul><ul>...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Wwii Ch 24

1,258 views

Published on

Road to Ware - events and key leaders involved in beginning WWII - pre-Pearl Harbor

Published in: Education
0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,258
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
6
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
50
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Master Race - should have power over “inferior races” – Jews, non-whites… non-Aryans Expand - regain lands lost in WWI – so Germans could thrive
  • Wwii Ch 24

    1. 1. World War Looms Section 1 – Dictators Threaten World Peace Section 2 – War in Europe Section 3 – The Holocaust Section 4 – America Moves Toward War
    2. 2. Section 1 Dictators Threaten World Peace
    3. 3. Dictators <ul><li>Soviet Union – Joseph Stalin </li></ul><ul><li>Italy – Benito Mussolini </li></ul><ul><li>Germany – Adolf Hitler </li></ul><ul><li>Japan – Nationalistic Military Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Spain – Francisco Franco </li></ul>
    4. 4. Stalin <ul><li>Did away with private businesses </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“collectives” = huge state-owned farms </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Made Soviet Union a leading industrial power </li></ul><ul><li>Everything controlled by the state </li></ul><ul><li>Totalitarian government – individuals have no rights… opposition is silenced! </li></ul>
    5. 5. Mussolini <ul><li>Fascism – strong, central government with a dictator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grows from extreme nationalism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Il Duce = “the leader” </li></ul><ul><li>Very charismatic leader </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Italy wants peace, work, and calm. I will give these things with love if possible, with force if necessary.” </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Hitler <ul><li>Nazism – German “brand” of fascism </li></ul><ul><li>Germans were the “master race” </li></ul><ul><li>Germany needed to expand… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combined extreme nationalism, racism, and expansionism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chancellor in 1933 </li></ul><ul><li>Creates the Third Reich </li></ul>
    7. 7. Japan <ul><li>Military leaders take over </li></ul><ul><li>Want more land and resources </li></ul><ul><li>Attack Manchuria in 1931 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protested by the League of Nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan leaves league… keeps Manchuria </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. League of Nations <ul><li>Established after WWI to prevent aggressive acts ~ such as Japan’s </li></ul><ul><li>Had to have unanimous consent on actions… any nation could veto over League judgments </li></ul><ul><li>Basically gave aggressive nations a “slap on the wrist” and opened the door to BIG PROBLEMS! </li></ul>
    9. 9. Hitler & Mussolini <ul><li>Watched closely at how the League dealt with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>Hitler broke the Treaty of Versailles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Puts troops in the Rhineland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rebuilds army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mussolini takes over Ethiopia </li></ul>
    10. 10. Franco <ul><li>Fascist general </li></ul><ul><li>Led rebellion – overthrew elected government in 1939 </li></ul><ul><li>Supported by Hitler and Mussolini </li></ul>
    11. 11. Isolationism in the US <ul><li>Anti-war rallies held </li></ul><ul><li>Neutrality Acts passed </li></ul><ul><li>FDR seemed to want to help… but stepped down in his effort due to criticism </li></ul>
    12. 12. Section 2 War in Europe
    13. 13. Hitler Expands <ul><li>Wants to Annex Austria and Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Favored by Germans </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1938 – march into Austria unopposed </li></ul><ul><li>Makes accusations toward the Czechs </li></ul><ul><li>Focuses on the Sudetenland </li></ul>
    14. 14. Munich Pact <ul><li>France and Britain – defend Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>September 1938 – French, British, and German leaders sign </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gives Germany the Sudetenland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler’s “promise” </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. “Peace with Honor” <ul><li>Neville Chamberlain – British prime minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Signed Munich Pact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill… Pact was dishonorable appeasement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pacifying the aggressor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predicted appeasement would… </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. LEAD to WAR <ul><li>March 1939 – Hitler conquers Czechoslovakia </li></ul><ul><li>Accuses Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler is very brave </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nonaggression pact with Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hitler and Stalin’s secret </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Blitzkrieg <ul><li>Lightning War </li></ul><ul><li>September 1, 1939 – Hitler attacks Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fell in a month </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Britain and France declare war on Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“phony war” </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. The Soviet Union <ul><li>Attack Poland from the east as Germany is attacking from the west </li></ul><ul><li>While phony war is going on… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stalin takes back regions lost in WWI </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Spring 1940 <ul><li>April – Hitler invades Denmark and Norway </li></ul><ul><li>May – takes the Netherlands, Belgium, and Luxembourg </li></ul><ul><li>Also in May – attacks France unsuspectingly in the North </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain rescues 90% of Allied troops </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Italy joins Germany <ul><li>Attack France from the south </li></ul><ul><li>June 1940 – France surrenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany controls north </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vichy government controls south </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charles de Gaulle – French general exiled in England </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes promise </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Invasion on Britain <ul><li>Air raids over England </li></ul><ul><li>Entire month of August 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>RAF – defend using radar </li></ul><ul><li>Called Battle of Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Winston Churchill – new Prime Minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rallies British </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hitler gives up </li></ul>
    22. 22. Section 3 The Holocaust
    23. 23. Persecution <ul><li>Hitler wants to make Germany “racially” pure </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Orders all non-Aryans out of government jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Begins the Holocaust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic murder of over 11 million people across Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Semitism – hatred of Jews </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Long history in Europe </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scapegoats </li></ul></ul></ul>
    24. 24. Hitler vs. the Jews <ul><li>Persecution increased </li></ul><ul><li>No civil rights </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow stars of David </li></ul>
    25. 25. Kristallnacht <ul><li>November 9 – 10, 1938 </li></ul><ul><li>“crystal night” </li></ul><ul><li>Organized, violent persecution </li></ul><ul><li>Nazi storm troopers attack and arrest Jews </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Homes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Businesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Synagogues </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Jews seek refuge <ul><li>Flee Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Nazis favor this </li></ul><ul><li>Other countries did not accept refugees </li></ul><ul><li>US allows some, but we have strict immigration quotas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>American anti-Semitism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fear for jobs </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Final Solution <ul><li>1939 – only ¼ million Jews left in Germany… other countries have millions </li></ul><ul><li>Ultimate goal – Genocide </li></ul><ul><li>“Enemies of the state” – arrested </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Condemned to slavery and death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just Jews… political opponents as well as </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gypsies, Freemasons, Jehovah’s Witnesses, homosexuals, the disabled, & terminally ill </li></ul></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Jewish Ghettos <ul><li>Segregated Jewish areas </li></ul><ul><li>Sealed off </li></ul><ul><li>Forced to work in German factories </li></ul><ul><li>Many starved </li></ul><ul><li>Despite brutal conditions… Jews hung on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Made attempts of keeping life “normal” </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. Final Stage <ul><li>Jews sent to concentration camps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffered terribly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1941 – six death camps built in Poland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Gas chambers… kill 12,000 a day </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Doctors separated on arrival </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crematoriums built </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not all were gassed to death </li></ul></ul><ul><li>6 million Jews died </li></ul>
    30. 30. Section 4 America Moves Toward War
    31. 31. US Neutrality <ul><li>Neutrality Acts – US not allowed to enter war in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FDR suggests “cash and carry” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>New Neutrality Act passed in November 1939 </li></ul>
    32. 32. The Axis Powers <ul><li>1940 – Germany, Italy, and Japan sign mutual defense treaty </li></ul><ul><li>US goes to war with one… all 3 fight </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US would have war on two fronts </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. US prepares <ul><li>FDR prepares </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports Britain yet… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assures people US will stay out of war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Congress increases national defense spending </li></ul><ul><li>Passes first peacetime draft Sept. 1940 </li></ul><ul><li>FDR elected to a 3 rd term </li></ul>
    34. 34. Lend-Lease Act <ul><li>FDR tells US people – cannot watch Hitler conquer the world </li></ul><ul><li>US – “the great arsenal of democracy” </li></ul><ul><li>FDR suggests lending or leasing arms to any nation “whose defense was vital to the United States” </li></ul><ul><li>Passed in March 1941 </li></ul>
    35. 35. Germany keeps going <ul><li>Invades Soviet Union </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US give lend-lease support to Soviets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>U-boats attack ships in the Atlantic </li></ul><ul><li>June 1941 – FDR US Navy protects ships </li></ul><ul><li>US warships allowed to defend selves </li></ul>
    36. 36. US plans for war <ul><li>Secret meeting – August 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Atlantic Charter signed </li></ul><ul><li>26 nations later sign similar agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Become ALLIES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>United to fight Germany, Italy, and Japan </li></ul></ul>
    37. 37. War Inevitable <ul><li>Sept. 4, 1941 – U-boat fires on US merchant ship </li></ul><ul><li>FDR orders US Navy to fire on sight of U-boats </li></ul><ul><li>U-boats sink several US ships </li></ul><ul><li>Senate allows arming of merchant ships </li></ul>
    38. 38. PEARL HARBOR <ul><li>December 7, 1941 </li></ul><ul><li>Main US naval base attacked by Japan </li></ul><ul><li>US Pacific fleet crippled </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planes and ships destroyed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2400 people killed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>FDR realizes US will fight on two fronts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dec. 8 th – Congress declares war on Japan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany and Italy declare war on US </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. Japan Strikes <ul><li>Japan seizes Asian territory </li></ul><ul><li>Invades Indochina – US cuts off trade </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Japan needs US oil </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hideki Tojo – Japan’s prime minister </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Starts peace talks… prepares for war </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secret codes deciphered </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US knows Japan will strike – but where? </li></ul></ul>

    ×