Earth Science March 22 nd , 2011 Mrs. Harris
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe characteristics of Earth’s atmosphere.  </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the processes of ra...
What is the atmosphere? <ul><li>All of the gases that surround the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Name some gases! </li></ul>
What is the atmosphere? 78% 21% 0.9% 0.1%
 
Under Pressure  <ul><li>You’ve got the whole atmosphere on your shoulders! </li></ul><ul><li>Air pressure is the  “force p...
Under Pressure  <ul><li>You’ve got the whole atmosphere on your shoulders! </li></ul><ul><li>Air pressure is the  “force p...
 
Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul>
Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds...
Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds...
Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds...
 
 
Layers of the Atmosphere
Layers of the Atmosphere
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Where does weather happen?
Where is the ozone layer?
Where do auroras  happen?
Where are the coldest temperatures?
Where are the hottest temperatures?
Where is most of the water vapor?
Any questions so far?
Radiation, Conduction, Convection Transferring Energy
 
Energy: Electromagnetic Spectrum
Energy: Electromagnetic Spectrum Radiation is the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves.
Radiation <ul><li>Can be scattered, reflected, or absorbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Scattering  is caused when radiation hits pa...
<ul><li>The transfer of thermal energy as heat through materials. </li></ul><ul><li>This is how the atmosphere gets warmed...
<ul><li>The transfer of thermal energy as heat through materials. </li></ul><ul><li>This is how the atmosphere gets warmed...
Convection <ul><li>The movement of molecules in a fluid due to differences in density that are caused by temperature varia...
What is a fluid? What makes it different from a solid or a gas? Baking soda & vinegar
 
Moving Energy Around <ul><li>Some awesome benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stablizes Earth’s average temperatures (greenhou...
 
 
<ul><li>Before you leave, write something you learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Next class:  why does my candle go out?  </li></u...
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Atmosphere, Energy, & Wind

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Atmosphere, Energy, & Wind

  1. 2. Earth Science March 22 nd , 2011 Mrs. Harris
  2. 3. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>Describe characteristics of Earth’s atmosphere. </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the processes of radiation, conduction, and convection. </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiate between various types of winds. </li></ul>
  3. 4. What is the atmosphere? <ul><li>All of the gases that surround the Earth </li></ul><ul><li>Name some gases! </li></ul>
  4. 5. What is the atmosphere? 78% 21% 0.9% 0.1%
  5. 7. Under Pressure <ul><li>You’ve got the whole atmosphere on your shoulders! </li></ul><ul><li>Air pressure is the “force per unit area that is exerted on a surface by the weight of the atmosphere” </li></ul><ul><li>Like PSI (pounds per square inch) </li></ul>
  6. 8. Under Pressure <ul><li>You’ve got the whole atmosphere on your shoulders! </li></ul><ul><li>Air pressure is the “force per unit area that is exerted on a surface by the weight of the atmosphere” </li></ul><ul><li>Like PSI (pounds per square inch) </li></ul><ul><li>Measured with a barometer </li></ul><ul><li>Think of all the air molecules over your head! (~9 miles for the first layer) </li></ul>
  7. 10. Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul>
  8. 11. Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds heat to the surface of the Earth (without this daily temperatures would fluctuate at least by 80 o ) </li></ul>
  9. 12. Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds heat to the surface of the Earth (without this daily temperatures would fluctuate at least by 80 o ) </li></ul><ul><li>Protects us from small meteors and debris </li></ul>
  10. 13. Services of the Atmosphere <ul><li>Weather system that provides & delivers fresh water to the land </li></ul><ul><li>Holds heat to the surface of the Earth (without this daily temperatures would fluctuate at least by 80 o ) </li></ul><ul><li>Protects us from small meteors and debris </li></ul><ul><li>Shields us from strong UV radiation </li></ul>
  11. 16. Layers of the Atmosphere
  12. 17. Layers of the Atmosphere
  13. 25. Where does weather happen?
  14. 26. Where is the ozone layer?
  15. 27. Where do auroras happen?
  16. 28. Where are the coldest temperatures?
  17. 29. Where are the hottest temperatures?
  18. 30. Where is most of the water vapor?
  19. 31. Any questions so far?
  20. 32. Radiation, Conduction, Convection Transferring Energy
  21. 34. Energy: Electromagnetic Spectrum
  22. 35. Energy: Electromagnetic Spectrum Radiation is the transfer of energy as electromagnetic waves.
  23. 36. Radiation <ul><li>Can be scattered, reflected, or absorbed. </li></ul><ul><li>Scattering is caused when radiation hits particles in the atmosphere and is bent in all directions. </li></ul><ul><li>Reflection happens when radiation reaches the earth’s surface and is reflected back into the atmosphere. (remember albedo?) </li></ul><ul><li>Earth’s surface absorbs solar radiation and is what heats the surface of the earth. </li></ul>
  24. 37. <ul><li>The transfer of thermal energy as heat through materials. </li></ul><ul><li>This is how the atmosphere gets warmed. </li></ul>Conduction
  25. 38. <ul><li>The transfer of thermal energy as heat through materials. </li></ul><ul><li>This is how the atmosphere gets warmed. </li></ul>Conduction What happens to warm air?
  26. 39. Convection <ul><li>The movement of molecules in a fluid due to differences in density that are caused by temperature variations; can result in the transfer of energy as heat. </li></ul><ul><li>The atmosphere behaves like a fluid. </li></ul>
  27. 40. What is a fluid? What makes it different from a solid or a gas? Baking soda & vinegar
  28. 42. Moving Energy Around <ul><li>Some awesome benefits: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stablizes Earth’s average temperatures (greenhouse effect) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drives the water cycle (______, _______, ______ ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Creates wind/weather patterns  tomorrow </li></ul></ul>
  29. 45. <ul><li>Before you leave, write something you learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Next class: why does my candle go out? </li></ul><ul><li>and how the atmosphere behaves like a fluid, humidity, clouds and fog, and precipitation. </li></ul>

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