History of Nursing education


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History of Nursing education

  1. 1. HISTORY<br />OF<br />NURSING<br />EDUCATION<br /> <br />1860-Nightingale set up the first nurse training school at St. Thomas’ Hospital, London.<br />Her methods are reflected in her “Notes on Nursing”(1898).<br />Nursing Education<br />- Teach the knowledge and skill that would enable a nurse to practice in the hospital setting.<br />Nursing Research <br />- Entails developing and expanding knowledge about human responses to actual or potential health problems and investigating the effects of nursing actions on those responses.<br />State Laws recognize 2 types of Nurses:<br /><ul><li>Registered Nurse (RN)</li></ul>2. Licensed Practical or Vocational Nurse (LPN, LVN)<br />Mutual Recognition <br />– a regulatory model that allows for multi-state licensure under one license.<br />National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission <br />-provides accreditation standards for all types of nursing programs.<br />Commission on Collegiate Nursing Education <br />- second accrediting body established in 1996<br />Types of Educational Programs:<br />1. Practical or Vocational Nursing Programs<br />- provided by community colleges, vocational schools, hospitals or other independent health agencies.<br />-Usually last 9 or 12 months and provide both classroom and clinical experience.<br />2. Registered Nursing Programs<br />Three major educational routes lead to RN licensure:<br /><ul><li>Diploma
  2. 2. Associate degree programs
  3. 3. Baccalaureate degree programs</li></ul>Diploma<br />-first training programs for nurses at US hospitals were opened in the 1860's<br />- The three-year diploma programs were the dominant nursing programs from the late 1800’s and was the major source of graduates until the mid 1960’s.<br />Associate degree programs<br />-arose in the early 1950’s<br />Trends and events influenced the development:<br /><ul><li>The Cadet Nurse Corps of United States
  4. 4. Community College Movement
  5. 5. Earlier Nursing Studies</li></ul>Baccalaureate degree programs<br />1919 - the University of Minnesota established its undergraduate baccalaureate degree in nursing.<br />-mostly 5 years in length<br />Graduate Nursing Education<br />Requirements for admission:<br /><ul><li>a registered nurse licensed or eligible for licensure
  6. 6. hold a baccalaureate degree in nursing from an approved college or university
  7. 7. a minimum grade point average of 2.7 to 3.0 on a 4.0 scale.
  8. 8. must demonstrate satisfactory achievement on a qualifying exam
  9. 9. have letters of recommendation from supervisors, nursing faculty, or nursing colleagues indicating the applicant’s ability to do graduate studies </li></ul>Master's Program<br />1953 - the newly established National League for Nursing encouraged educators to develop programs for Master’s degree in Nursing <br />Major emphasis: <br />research and specialization for teaching and administration<br />Degrees granted:<br /><ul><li>Master of Arts
  10. 10. Master in Nursing
  11. 11. Master of Science in Nursing
  12. 12. Master of Science</li></ul>Doctoral Programs<br /><ul><li>began in 1960's in US
  13. 13. Prepare the nurse for advanced clinical practice, administration, education and research</li></ul>Continuing Education<br /><ul><li>formalized experiences designed to enlarged the knowledge or skills of practitioners
  14. 14. participants may receive certificates or specialization
  15. 15. responsibility for each practicing nurse