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 The key word in continuity is CONTINUE
 It is to make sure things are continuous
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggFKL...
 Did you notice the editing?
 NO!
 Because good editing is INVISIBLE!
 Continuity Editing
The most common type of editing which aims to create a sense of reality and time moving
forward.
Also...
 Purpose: Is to orientate the viewer, to establish
the placement of characters.
 Breaking the 180 rule, it will place th...
1 ACTION = MULTIPLE SHOTS
 Is multiple cuts to show one continuous action.
 Match on action is part of invisible editing...
 Shot reverse shot is when a shot goes from shot A, shot B, shot A,
shot B etc.
 It goes continuously back and forth bet...
Shot A: character is looking off screen
Shot B: what character is looking at
Is a following shot that follows what charact...
 Technique of continuously alternating 2 or more scenes that often happen
simultaneously (at same time) but in different ...
Busted! Climax
(2 scene collide)
A (3pm)
B (3pm)
A (315pm)
B (315pm)
A (330pm)B (330pm)A (3:33pm)B (3:33pm)
This video is a good summary of continuity with
examples from a film
 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xauSCz1mEk
 A cutaway is video scene that CUTS away to relevant images
or footage
 Often used in documentaries or in film when a vi...
http://www.imdb.com/video/imdb/vi2472477465
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXXpX29Xt-U
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1...
How is time edited? How is time shown and/or manipulated to
communicate a narrative?
 How is time shown/represented?
 Is...
MORE TYPES OF TIME Example
Summary -discourse shorter than
story
A film takes place over 50 years but
shown in 2 hours
Ell...
 Remember the audience will not see everything,
things are edited in order they get to see what is
important.
◦ Who/what ...
 Straight cutting – to show realism, in conversations etc.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLkUHZ1qips
 Graphic match – w...
 B&w –often used to show memory or time period
 Contrast – to altar the lighting (or contrast = very light lights and da...
 Montage editing is a serious of montage which is a series of
shots that are not in sequential order, continuous or relat...
 TIME
RYTHYM
TEMPORAL
SPACE
 Takes us to different locations
 –Cuts to new place such as a hotel pool, to room, to kitchen
 Changes pace (there can...
Editing key terms
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Editing key terms

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some editing explanations

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Editing key terms

  1. 1.  The key word in continuity is CONTINUE  It is to make sure things are continuous  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ggFKLxAQBbc  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9f8liieRepk&feature=related
  2. 2.  Did you notice the editing?  NO!  Because good editing is INVISIBLE!
  3. 3.  Continuity Editing The most common type of editing which aims to create a sense of reality and time moving forward. Also known as invisible editing referring to how the technique does not draw attention to the editing process but allows the audience to concentrate on the narrative. Various filming rules and techniques are applied to ensure this smooth continuity. Basically, continuity editing is so that scenes look continuous. (the flow) Techniques/rules of continuity editing: -180 degree rule -match on action (match cuts) -shot reverse shot -eye-line match -crosscutting or parallel editing
  4. 4.  Purpose: Is to orientate the viewer, to establish the placement of characters.  Breaking the 180 rule, it will place the characters in a different place http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HdyyuqmCW14
  5. 5. 1 ACTION = MULTIPLE SHOTS  Is multiple cuts to show one continuous action.  Match on action is part of invisible editing which creates flow when watching a scene.  The cuts MATCH together so that the audience know it is one action. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DMx-Az5Da4M Think of how many match cuts there are!  . What kind of pace is created in these clips? How? Why How does sound connect to the editing/pace? How? Why? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h1Nx1o7fkVM AS example
  6. 6.  Shot reverse shot is when a shot goes from shot A, shot B, shot A, shot B etc.  It goes continuously back and forth between the 2 shots to show there is a connection between them  It is often used in conversations so you see what both characters are saying  It is a form of eye-line matching if the character is looking at someone and the next shot is what they look at  Imagine if a conversation was just 1 shot of character A and you didn’t see character B’s face at all? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1JauH_EKpaY
  7. 7. Shot A: character is looking off screen Shot B: what character is looking at Is a following shot that follows what character is looking at, makes cuts smoother the audience expects the cut to happen and is eager to see what happens next/what character sees. Example, a) A person’s phone rings, she turns and looks in direction of phone b) Close up shot of phone ringing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2KtVKu9CfDA&feature=relmfu  This is eye-line match because of the cards she is looking at………..but it is also……..? Her looking at cards her looking at cards
  8. 8.  Technique of continuously alternating 2 or more scenes that often happen simultaneously (at same time) but in different locations.  As they cross, pace gradually gets faster and fast and tension builds  Often the parallel scenes will intersect to create a climax. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OD0h7WcgJ5w  2 scenes: a) interrogation b) car approaching http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ts1x6uADFtM&feature=related  -2 scenes: a) FBI director (outside house) b) criminal (inside house)  What is unique/different about this scene? How has cross cutting been used different? (What is its intention upon the audience?) A B A B A
  9. 9. Busted! Climax (2 scene collide) A (3pm) B (3pm) A (315pm) B (315pm) A (330pm)B (330pm)A (3:33pm)B (3:33pm)
  10. 10. This video is a good summary of continuity with examples from a film  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8xauSCz1mEk
  11. 11.  A cutaway is video scene that CUTS away to relevant images or footage  Often used in documentaries or in film when a vital piece of information is needed to show the audience. Usually the dialogue or voice will CONTINUE during the cutaway (to keep it continuous)  It is used to have variety in the visuals  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UjwbwxUX2hY
  12. 12. http://www.imdb.com/video/imdb/vi2472477465 https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZXXpX29Xt-U https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t1JsC1ur2X8 TYPE OF PACE Effects SLOW -to make slow/calm/still -little number of shots/cuts which are long -to make audience calm or bored (perhaps to pay attention to detail or to emphasize emotion) MEDIUM -to make normal and comfortable -average number shots/cuts which are medium time which could show realism FAST -to make intense, exciting and thrilling -lots of shots/cuts which are short -to make audience tense/excited Which pace for each clip? How is this pace created? Why is this pace created?
  13. 13. How is time edited? How is time shown and/or manipulated to communicate a narrative?  How is time shown/represented?  Is there a manipulation of time? How? Why? TYPES OF TIME  STORY TIME: time of the events (ex a film over 50 years ….)  DISCOURSE TIME: time taken to narrate the event (how long to tell the story? Ex 2 hours )
  14. 14. MORE TYPES OF TIME Example Summary -discourse shorter than story A film takes place over 50 years but shown in 2 hours Ellipsis -establishing discourse time rather than story -shot 1: man out of bed…. -shot 2: man in shower….. -shot 3: man getting dressed…. -shot 4: man driving to work. The audience can fill in the gaps (…) Scene -story and discourse time are equal (to show realism (real time) Soap opera which shows a scene in 5 minutes which is actually 5 mins Stretch -discourse is longer than story (using slow motion) Scene in race where it is in slow motion to show a runner winning and to capture the emotion Flashback -character has a flash back (which is a thought or memory in the past) -flashbacks are often in dull colours, black and white and altered light (to make it different than real time) -causes non linear narrative as you are changing order of time In hunger games, Kat is thinking about Peeta at dinner table, she has a flashback and audience see her thoughts of her sitting outside the bakery and Peeta throwing her bread Flash-forward -when audience are shown the future scenes or events (often to give clues) -causes non linear narrative as you are changing order of time
  15. 15.  Remember the audience will not see everything, things are edited in order they get to see what is important. ◦ Who/what has most time on screen? Why? ◦ Who/what has little time on screen and why? ◦ *link to representation/stereotype ◦ *link to placement (shots/angles) where are characters placed in the scene? Are they in the middle of the screen or hidden in a corner or behind other people? ◦ Think of the fast and furious chase scene = who has the most/little time? Why?
  16. 16.  Straight cutting – to show realism, in conversations etc. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QLkUHZ1qips  Graphic match – when 2 shots match graphically, often with an overlap transition (ex shot of eyeball, then shot of the sun (same size/shape = to show their relationship) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_HG5kPlxzeU  Overlap/dissolve – makes a softer transition, to show ellipsis or time passing http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BvGc6D85fwE http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HK6zGWox6S0  Wipe – often used to show new day or new scene/location (sideways wipe)  Fade in/out (fade to black or appear from black – often used to communicate ending or beginning) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F0_2ZFdB6Hk  Flash – to show flashbacks or flash-forwards (to show thoughts or memories) (flashes to white) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0SY_qeOIjIg
  17. 17.  B&w –often used to show memory or time period  Contrast – to altar the lighting (or contrast = very light lights and dark darks sometimes with memories  Colour - to add a colour filter to show a specific mood Example ‘The ring’ – many scenes are very blue-ish, which show sterile/coldness etc.  Animation – titles of shows or cartoons  CGI – computer generated images (example = avatar, planet of apes, polar express)  Fast forward/slow motion – speeding up or slowing down footage http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZIK4Uf9NhJA (fast) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4QrlPmK4B94 (slow)  Ghost trail – see multiple actions (overlapped) to show someone drunk or on drugs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Z5xkFN-pOJc (ghost trail) ….. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XI3bnkWD0Fg (hallucination when stung by bee at 2:06)  Blur – to show un-clarity, or fuzzy memory/flashback (bee sting scene – some is blurry when Peeta coming)
  18. 18.  Montage editing is a serious of montage which is a series of shots that are not in sequential order, continuous or relate to each other.  It is just like pieces of the puzzle, often used in trailers, TV openings (the show credits/opening)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2HAUmII_hcg
  19. 19.  TIME RYTHYM TEMPORAL SPACE
  20. 20.  Takes us to different locations  –Cuts to new place such as a hotel pool, to room, to kitchen  Changes pace (there can create tension)  –Go from slow to fast to show change in character’s feelings (fingersmiths)  Influence our opinions on characters depending on how much screen time they get (time allocation) (like/dislike)  –Feel sorry for 2nd maid as she is not shown very much  Manipulate the time experienced by characters and audience (showing us different things at same time for example)  –Think of a scene to show a character is getting more fit over time (montage editing & transitions/cuts of different locations will allow us to understand time)  –Ellipsis – cutting out time to understand something took place over a period of time  –Split screen or cross cutting (different places happening at same time)  Offer clues about the characters or plot development  –Having an eye line match of something a character can see might reveal more info  –Cutting between characters in a scene may reveal more about each character (linked with MES/CAM SAM) - think of scene in freedom writers, there is sound bridging when he reads the diary but we actually so the eyeline matches of the teacher/other students to understand they feel sorry for him

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