Lyndon johnson's presidency

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This is the powerpoint used for the Vietnam War

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Lyndon johnson's presidency

  1. 1. THE GREAT SOCIETY,BEGINNING OF VIETNAM
  2. 2.  “COUNTRY BUMPKIN” BORN IN 1908 IN JOHNSON CITY, TEXAS ORIGINALLY TEACHER-DEMOCRAT APPOINTED SECRETARY TO SENATOR KLEIBERG IN 1931 DEMOCRAT
  3. 3.  POLITICALLY FUELED  SHOWERED IN COMMUNAL BATHROOMS 4X A DAY TO MEET MORE “CONNECTIONS.” APPOINTED DIRECTOR OF TEXAS NATIONAL YOUTH ADMINISTRATION-1935 1937-ELECTED HOUSE OR REPS  INCUMBENT SUDDENLY DIED!
  4. 4.  FIRST CONGRESSMAN TO VOLUNTEER FOR WORLD WAR 2 ELECTED SENATOR IN 1949 ELECTED VICE-PRESIDENT IN 1960 ALONGSIDE JOHN F. KENNEDY
  5. 5.  NOVEMBER 27, 1963  PRESIDENT KENNEDY ASSASSINATED LYNDON JOHNSON TAKES OATH OF OFFICE ON AIR FORCE ONE LBJ PRESIDENCY
  6. 6.  FOCUS ACTIVITY “YOU ARE THE VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES AND PRESIDENT OBAMA HAS BEEN ASSASSINATED, YOU MUST NOW TAKE OVER AS PRESIDENT, HOW DO YOU PREPARE TO LEAD MOST POWERFUL COUNTRY IN THE WORLD”? LIST 3-5 THINGS YOU WOULD DO FROM MOST IMPORTANT TO LEAST IMPORTANT
  7. 7.  CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964  CONTINUED FROM KENNEDY AND PASSED IN 1964-OUTLAWED SEGREGATION VOTING RIGHTS ACT-1965  GUARANTEED ALL CITIZENS, INCLUDING BLACKS, THE RIGHT TO VOTE IN ALL STATES. ▪ NO BARRIERS TO VOTING
  8. 8.  Lyndon Johnsons Presidency Elected President again in 1964 Established “The Great Society”
  9. 9.  HIGHER EDUCATION ACT:  ESTABLISHED SCHOLARSHIPS AND LOW INTEREST LOANS FOR POOR STUDENTS ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY ED. ACT  ESTABLISHED BILLIONS OF DOLLARS TO IMPROVE PUBLIC SCHOOLS MEDICARE ACT  PROVIDED FEDERAL HOSPITAL AND MEDICAL INSURANCE FOR ELDERLY
  10. 10.  MODEL CITIES ACT:  GAVE 1.2 BILLION TO IMPROVE HOUSING AND EDUCATION IN INNER CITIES DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT  PROVIDES FUNDS AND RESOURCES FOR HOMEBUYERS AND COMMNUNITY GROUPS
  11. 11.  UNITED STATES ENTERED VIETNAM DURING WORLD WAR 2 HELPED THE FRENCH “COLONIZE” INDOCHINA FRENCH FOUGHT THE VIET-MINH FOR CONTROL OF INDOCHINA  1945-1954
  12. 12.  FRENCH WERE LOSING THE WAR AGAINST THE VIET MINH PLAYED THE “SOVIET COMMUNISM” CARD U.S. GAVE AID TO THE FRENCH TO HELP FIGHT THE VIET-MINH FRENCH STILL SUFFERED A HUGE LOSS
  13. 13.  Vietnam is located on the East coast of a region called Indochina It borders  Cambodia  Thailand  Laos
  14. 14. •NORTH VIETNAM-COMMUNIST •LED BY HO CHI MINH •VIET-CONG ARMY •Who is Ho Chi-Minh•SOUTH VIETNAM: NON-COMMUNIST •LED BY NGO DINH DIEM •VIET-MINH ARMY•OVERALL, THIS WAS A FIGHT TOCONTAIN COMMUNISM ININDOCHINA!
  15. 15.  NOVEMBER 1, 1963 Causes of U.S. in Vietnam SOUTH VIETNAMESE LEADER  NGO DINH-DIEM EXECUTED NORTH VIETNAMESE QUICKLY POUNDED SOUTH VIETNAM SOUTH VIETNAM CALLS FOR U.S. AID
  16. 16.  JOHNSON CAMPAIGNED DURING THE 1964 ELECTION THAT HE WOULD NOT FIGHT IN VIETNAM KENNEDY BELIEVED IN THE “DOMINO THEORY”  IF ONE COUNTRY FALLS TO COMMUNISM THEY ALL WILL FALL.
  17. 17.  COMMUNIST WERE NOT JUST IN NORTH VIETNAM INSURGENCE IN SOUTH VIETNAM WERE ALSO COMMUNIST  I.E. DEATH OF DIEM FIGHTING WAS OCCURRING BETWEEN SVA, NVA AND NOW SVA INSURGENTS.
  18. 18.  DUE TO SOUTH VIETNAM INSURGENTS PRESIDENT JOHNSON DECIDES TO MILITARIZE THE U.S. EMBASSY IN SOUTH VIETNAM MILITARIZE:  TO MAKE READY FOR WAR OR ATTACK
  19. 19.  GENERAL MAXWELL TAYLOR  APPOINTED TO U.S. EMBASSY  PUSHES FOR TROOP INCREASE  700-15,000 OVER ONE YEAR THIS MARKED HOW INFLUENTIAL THE MILITARY WAS IN THE ADMINISTRATION
  20. 20.  GENERAL WESTMORELAND TAKES OVER THE REIGNS OF THE AMERICAN FORCES U.S. NAVY IS NOW STATIONED IN THE GULF OF TONKIN  EAST OF VIETNAM AUGUST 2, 1964  USS. MADDOX CAME UNDER FIRE FROM NORTH VIETNAMESE PT BOAT  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AXmxfCvO7lA&fe ature=related
  21. 21.  AUGUST 7 ,1964 CONGRESS PASSED  THE GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION JOHNSON RECEIVED A BLANK CHECK TO SPEND AS MUCH AS POSSIBLE TO SECURE US. FORCES IN SOUTHEAST ASIA. Gulf of Tonkin
  22. 22. THE GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION ALLOWED FOR U.S. TROOPS TO ENTER VIETNAM JOHNSON SENT OVER 100,000 TROOPS TO VIETNAM IN 1965. QUESTION AT HAND: WOULD U.S. TROOPS BE ABLE TO FIGHT IN THE JUNGLES OF VIETNAM?
  23. 23.  NORTH VIETNAM:  SAME OLD TYPE OF JUNGLE FIGHTING WAR JUST LIKE THE FRENCH ▪ THEY ALL WILL DIE AND WE WILL BE UNITED AND FREE! SOUTH VIETNAM/UNITED STATES:  SOUTH VIETNAM FLOODED WITH COMMUNIST  U.S. FIGHTING TO CONTAIN COMMUNISM
  24. 24.  NORTH VIETNAMESE ATTACK PLAN  STRONG WILL TO FIGHT  ABILITY TO STAND LONG WAR  HIT AND RUN TACTICS/NO ABILITY TO FIGHT LARGE BATTLES UNITED STATES/SOUTH VIETNAMESE:  BOMB NVA TARGETS  ERODE THE POPULATION LIKE WORLD WAR 2
  25. 25.  1965  UNITED STATES DID 2 MAJOR THINGS ▪ SENT 200,00 TROOPS INTO VIETNAM ▪ STARTED BOMBING NORTH VIETNAM THE UNITED STATES ALLIES OR NOT?  UNITED STATES CALLED IN OTHER NATIONS ▪ NEW ZEALAND, AUSTRALIA, SOUTH KOREA, THAILAND ▪ THE WAR WAS NOW INTERNATIONAL
  26. 26.  FIRST ENGAGEMENT BETWEEN U.S. AND NORTH VIETNAMESE TWO PART BATTLE IN NOVEMBER 1965 AMERICANS USED AIR ARTILLERY AND A SUSTAINED ATTACK OVER TO HOLD OFF THE NORTH VIETNAMESE
  27. 27.  FORCES WERE SPREAD THROUGHOUT THE LA DRANG VALLEY LA DRANG MEANS “RIVER” EACH PLATOON HAD TO SETUP A LANDING ZONE TO FLY TROOP AND BODIES IN AND OUT
  28. 28.  CASUALTIES WERE VERY HIGH FOR THE UNITED STATES DURING THIS TIME AVERAGE DAILY LOSS FOR THE U.S. WAS 150-200 MEN PER DAY.  BATTLE LASTED 3 DAYS UNITED STATES OVERTOOK NORTH VIETNAMESE STRONG HOLD
  29. 29.  Bruce “Snake Shit” Crandall and Ed “Too Tall” Jones received the Medal of Honor  Medi-Vac Pilots who flew men in and out of the battle for 2 ½ days straight.  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tfl0eR6woXc
  30. 30.  SHOULD IT BE LEGAL IN WARFARE FOR COUNTRIES TO ATTACK OTHER COUNTRIES DURING HOLIDAYS?  WHY OR WHY NOT?  GIVE AN EXAMPLE OR TWO OR THREE 
  31. 31.  JANUARY 31, 1968  VIETNAMESE NEW YEAR ▪ CALLED ‘TET” COMMUNIST FORCES UNLEASHED MASSIVE ATTACKS ON U.S. POSITIONS UTTER SHOCK CAME OVER THE U.S.
  32. 32.  TET OFFENSIVE WAS TELEVISED NIGHTLY IN THE U.S. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q1vJqTN-qVI AMERICANS THOUGHT U.S. WAS HANDLING THE VIETCONG SCENES CAUSED EXTREME PROTEST IN THE U.S. JOHNSON DID NOT RUN FOR RE-ELECTION IN 1968
  33. 33.  REPUBLICANS NOMINATED  RICHARD NIXON DEMOCRATS NOMINATED  HUBERT HUMPHREY GEORGE WALLACE-INDEPENDENT NIXON NARROWLY WON!
  34. 34.  RICHARD NIXON’S FIRST PRIORITY WAS TO EXTRICATE SOLDIERS OUT OF VIETNAM INCREASED BOMBING OF  CAMBODIA, NORTH VIETNAM, LAOS GOAL:  PUT PRESSURE ON BOTH SIDES TO STOP FIGHTING
  35. 35.  EVENT #1  PENTAGON PAPERS-1970 ▪ SHOWED THAT U.S. GOVERNMENT WAS MASSACRING VIETNAMESE DURING THE WAR EVENT #2  KENT STATE SHOOTING ▪ NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS SHOT AND KILLED 4 STUDENTS DURING PROTEST
  36. 36.  RICHARD NIXON WAS RE-ELECTED IN 1972 JANUARY 27, 1973  NORTH VIETNAM AND UNITED STATES REACHED A PEACE AGREEMENT IN 1975, NORTH VIETNAM OVERTOOK SOUTH VIETNAM  U.S. HAD SUFFERED THEIR FIRST DEFEAT IN WAR
  37. 37.  AMERICANS KILLED  58,174 AMERICANS WOUNDED  304,000 COST:  $150 BILLION AVERAGE AGE OF SOLDIER KILLED:  23  YOUNGEST: 16

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