3.1 The Indo Europeans

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3.1 The Indo Europeans

  1. 1. Indo-Europeans migrate into Europe, India, and Southwest Asia and interact with peoples living there.
  2. 2.  Characteristics of Indo-Europeans ◦ Nomadic, pastoral people; tamed horses, rode chariots ◦ May have come from the steppes—dry grasslands north of the Caucasus mountains
  3. 3.  The Indo-European Language Family ◦ Language ancestral to many modern languages of Europe and Asia ◦ English, Spanish, Persian, Hindi trace origins to original Indo-European ◦ Language groups settled in different areas
  4. 4.  An Unexpected Migration ◦ 1700-1200 B.C.E. Indo-Europeans migrated, moved in all directions (visual)
  5. 5.  The Hittites Arrival ◦ A group of Indo-European speakers ◦ Take control of Anatolia (Asia Minor) around 2000 B.C.E. ◦ City-States join to form empire; dominate Southwest Asia for 450 years
  6. 6.  Hittites Adopt and Adapt ◦ Borrowed ideas from Mesopotamian culture; adopted Babylonian language  Chariots and Iron Technology ◦ Hittites skilled in war, spread iron technology by trade and conquest ◦ Empire falls around 1190 B.C.E. after attacks from northern tribes. Hittite Chariots
  7. 7.  The Aryan People ◦ Indo-European people, enter Indus River Valley before 2000 B.C.E. ◦ Sacred writings, the Vedas, reveal much of their culture
  8. 8.  A Cast System Develops ◦ Aryans physically distinct from people of India ◦ Four castes, or groups based on occupation, develop  Brahmins (Priests)  Warriors  Traders and landowners  Peasants ◦ People are born into their cast for life ◦ Hundreds of subgroups arise later
  9. 9.  Aryan Kingdoms Arise ◦ Aryans extend settlements to other river valleys ◦ Small Kingdoms arise ◦ Magadha kingdom unites all and spreads across India by 100 B.C.
  10. 10.  Aryan Kingdoms Arise ◦ Epic Mahabharata reflects struggles in India as Aryan kings worked to control Indian lands

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