21 3 central european monarchs clash

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21 3 central european monarchs clash

  1. 1. Central EuropeanCentral EuropeanMonarchs ClashMonarchs ClashChapter 21, Section 3Chapter 21, Section 3
  2. 2. Section OpenerSection Opener After a period of turmoil, absoluteAfter a period of turmoil, absolutemonarchs rule Austria and the Germanicmonarchs rule Austria and the Germanicstate of Prussia.state of Prussia.
  3. 3. The Thirty Years’ WarThe Thirty Years’ War Rising TensionRising Tension– Tension rises between Lutherans andTension rises between Lutherans andCatholics in central EuropeCatholics in central Europe Bohemian Protestants RevoltBohemian Protestants Revolt– In 1618, Protestants revolt against CatholicIn 1618, Protestants revolt against CatholicHapsburg rulers (Ferdinand II)Hapsburg rulers (Ferdinand II)– Result in Thirty Years’ War—conflict overResult in Thirty Years’ War—conflict overreligion, land, powerreligion, land, power
  4. 4. Thirty Years’ War (continued)Thirty Years’ War (continued) Hapsburg Triumphs (sometimes spelledHapsburg Triumphs (sometimes spelled“Habsburg”)“Habsburg”)– From 1618 to 1630, Hapsburg armies haveFrom 1618 to 1630, Hapsburg armies havemany victoriesmany victories– Troops plunder many German villagesTroops plunder many German villages
  5. 5. Ferdinand II,Ferdinand II,Holy RomanHoly RomanEmperorEmperor(1619-1637)(1619-1637)
  6. 6. House of Habsburg coat of armsHouse of Habsburg coat of armsat their heightat their height
  7. 7. Austrian Hapsburg Coat ofAustrian Hapsburg Coat ofArmsArms
  8. 8. Current Flag & Coat of Arms of AustriaCurrent Flag & Coat of Arms of Austriacivil flag of Austriacoat of arms of Austria
  9. 9. State and War Flag of AustriaState and War Flag of AustriaA combination of the civilflag and the coat of arms ofAustria.
  10. 10. Thirty Years’ War (continued)Thirty Years’ War (continued) Hapsburg DefeatsHapsburg Defeats– In 1630, tide turns in favor of ProtestantsIn 1630, tide turns in favor of Protestants Peace of WestphaliaPeace of Westphalia– War ruins German economy, greatly decreasesWar ruins German economy, greatly decreasespopulationpopulation– Peace of Westphalia (1648) ends warPeace of Westphalia (1648) ends war– Treaty weakens Hapsburgs, strengthens FranceTreaty weakens Hapsburgs, strengthens France– Treaty introduces idea of negotiating terms of peaceTreaty introduces idea of negotiating terms of peace Beginning of Modern StatesBeginning of Modern States– Treaty recognizes Europe as group of independentTreaty recognizes Europe as group of independentstatesstates
  11. 11. States Form in Central EuropeStates Form in Central Europe Economic Contrasts with the WestEconomic Contrasts with the West– Economy in central Europe still based in serfsEconomy in central Europe still based in serfsand agriculture.and agriculture. Several Weak EmpiresSeveral Weak Empires– Landowning nobles in central Europe BlockLandowning nobles in central Europe Blockgrowth of kings’ power.growth of kings’ power.– Ottoman and Holy Roman Empires are alsoOttoman and Holy Roman Empires are alsoweak.weak.
  12. 12.  Austria Grows StrongerAustria Grows Stronger– Hapsburgs in Austria take more lands, ruleHapsburgs in Austria take more lands, rulelarge empirelarge empire Maria Theresa Inherits the AustrianMaria Theresa Inherits the AustrianThroneThrone– Maria Theresa becomes empress of AustriaMaria Theresa becomes empress of Austriaand faces years of war.and faces years of war.
  13. 13. The Pragmatic SanctionThe Pragmatic SanctionThisdocument,The PragmaticSanction,declared thatMaria Theresawould inheritthe Austrianthrone.
  14. 14. MariaMariaTheresaTheresaof Austriaof Austria
  15. 15. Prussia Challenges AustriaPrussia Challenges Austria The Rise of PrussiaThe Rise of Prussia– Hohenzollern rulers of Prussia build Europe’s bestHohenzollern rulers of Prussia build Europe’s bestarmyarmy– They call themselves kings and become absoluteThey call themselves kings and become absolutemonarchs.monarchs.– Nobles resist royal power, but king buys loyalty.Nobles resist royal power, but king buys loyalty. Frederick the GreatFrederick the Great– Frederick the Great becomes king of PrussiaFrederick the Great becomes king of Prussia– Enforces father’s military policies but softens some ofEnforces father’s military policies but softens some ofhis laws.his laws.
  16. 16. Frederick IIFrederick II(The Great)(The Great)of Prussia.of Prussia.He wasHe wasnicknamednicknamed“Old Fritz”.“Old Fritz”.
  17. 17. Prussia Challenges AustriaPrussia Challenges Austria War of Austrian SuccessionWar of Austrian Succession– In 1740, Frederick starts war against AustriaIn 1740, Frederick starts war against Austriato gain Silesia.to gain Silesia.– Maria Theresa resists Prussian power butMaria Theresa resists Prussian power butloses Silesia in treaty.loses Silesia in treaty.– As a result of the war, Prussia becomes aAs a result of the war, Prussia becomes amajor power in Europe.major power in Europe.
  18. 18. Prussia Challenges AustriaPrussia Challenges Austria The Seven Years’ WarThe Seven Years’ War– Austria allies with France against Britain andAustria allies with France against Britain andPrussiaPrussia– In 1756, Frederick attacks Saxony, launchingIn 1756, Frederick attacks Saxony, launchingSeven Years’ War.Seven Years’ War.– France loses colonies in North America,France loses colonies in North America,Britain gains India.Britain gains India.

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