WHAT IS TSUNAMI BASICALLY??CONCEPT:·Tsunamis are the worst natural disaster;they happen mostly in the Pacific Ocean, butmay also occur any where in the world with alarge body of water.·Tsunamis are large wave of water that iscaused by an earthquake in the ocean.
It depends on the earthquake on the sizeof the Tsunamis big or small. They travel hundreds of miles and causegreat devastation to any one in its way.Tsunamis start at speech at .85 mach,which is close to 600 MPH, and then slowdown to around 30 MPH when they reachland.
The Roman historian Ammianus Marcellinus (Res Gestae26.10.15-19) described the typical sequence of a tsunami, including anincipient earthquake, the sudden retreat of the sea and a followinggigantic wave, after the 365 A.D. tsunami devastated AlexandriaWhile Japan may have the longest recorded history of tsunamis, thesheer destruction caused by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake andtsunami event mark it as the most devastating of its kind in moderntimes, killing around 230,000 people. The Sumatran region is notunused to tsunamis either, with earthquakes of varying magnitudesregularly occurring off the coast of the island.
*On Jan 4, 2010, two powerful earthquakesmeasuring 6.5 and 7.2 on the Richter scale hitthe western part of the Solomon Islands,followed by a number of smaller quakes. Ittriggered a tsunami that left about 1,000homeless.**On Feb 27, 2010, an 8.8-magnitudeearthquake hit Chile, triggering tsunamiwarnings along the coasts of the Pacific Ocean.
Japan was hit by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake onMarch 11, 2011, that triggered a deadly 23-foottsunami in the countrys north. The giant wavesdeluged cities and rural areas alike, sweeping awaycars, homes, buildings, a train, and boats, leaving apath of death and devastation in its wake. Videofootage showed cars racing away from surgingwaves. The earthquake—the largest in Japanshistory—struck about 230 miles northeast of Tokyo.The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center issuedwarnings for Russia, Taiwan, Hawaii, Indonesia, theMarshall Islands, Papua New Guinea, Australia, andthe west coasts the U.S., Mexico, Central America,and South America. According to the official toll, thedisasters left 15,839 dead, 5,950 injured, and 3,642missing.
TSUNAMI WARNING SYSTEM Communication & Transmission of Tsunami Warning to Localities & Civil Defense Authorities TSUNAMI ＷＡＲＮＩＮＧ Local governmentCentral Government Signboard TSUNAMI ＷＡＲＮＩＮＧ Radio TSUNAMI ＷＡＲＮＩ ＮＧ ＴＶ/Radio Station TV（Telops, Warning maps） 13
PROMOTING THE BASIC KNOWLEDGE OF TSUNAMISafe Evacuation Route + Early Warning = Understanding of Hazardous AreasAppropriate Risk Awaweness of LocalCommunities Safe Evacuation