1524: Cortés, the conquistador,
seeking to locate the source of the
wealth of the empire of Montezuma,
writes to the King of Spain, "They tell
me that Ciguatan (the Indian name
for the Californias) is an island
inhabited by women....They also tell
me it is very rich in pearls and gold,
respecting which I shall labor to
obtain the truth, and give your
majesty a full account of it."
1542: sails up the
coast of California in
the San Salvador,
stepping onshore at
harbor of San Diego.
claimed by Jaun
for Spain along with
the rest of what
would become Alta
• 1781: founded by Governor Felipe de Neve of
• 1821: Became a part of Mexico following the
Mexican War of Independence.
• 1848: After the Mexican–American War,
California was purchased as part of theTreaty of
Guadalupe Hidalgo, thereby becoming part of
the United States
Mestizo: a person of
combined European and
The term was used as an
ethnic/racial category in the
casta system that was in
use during the Spanish
Empire's control of their
Mestizos are usually
considered to be mixed
Spaniards by the crown of
Sketch showing the LA Plaza and
surounding area as it appeared in
1850. The Old Plaza Church is seen
in upper left.
(ca. 1860s)+^ - Looking south showing Spring Street School (first
public school in Los Angeles). It is the 2-story building with three
second-floor windows seen in the upper center-right and located
near the northwest corner of 2nd and Spring streets.
The view southeast from the southern tip of Bunker Hill in 1880.
The large structure in the distant far right is the BellevueTerrace
Hotel located at Figueroa & 6th Street.
The first Chinese arrived in Los Angeles in 1850.The
great majority came from southeastern China,
seeking a fortune in Gum Saan, ("Gold Mountain") the
Chinese name for America. Henry Huntington came
to value their expertise as engineers. He later said he
would not have been able to build his portion of the
transcontinental railroad without them. After the
transcontinental railroad was completed, most took
their earnings and returned to China.Others moved
to Chinatowns in the cities. By 1870 there were 178
Chinese in LA. Most worked as launderers, cooks and
fruit and vegetable growers and sellers. Labor unions
blamed Chinese for lowering the wages and living
standards of Anglo workers, and for being ruled by
violent secret societies known as "tongs."The
newspapers of both LosAngeles and San Francisco
were filled with anti-Chinese propaganda.
Since 1965 when the immigration laws were liberalized, Los Angeles
has emerged as a major center of the KoreanAmerican community.
Its "Koreatown“ is often seen as the "overseas Korean capital." Many
have been entrepreneurs, opening shops and small
factories. Koreatown experienced rapid transition in the 1990s, with
heavy investment by Korean banks and corporations, and the arrival of
tens of thousands of Koreans. Many opened small businesses, and
were hard hit by the 1992 Los Angeles riots.
The labor vacuum created by
the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 was
filled by Japanese workers and, by 1910,
the settlement known as "LittleTokyo"
had risen next to Chinatown. As of
December 1941 there were 37,000 ethnic
Japanese in Los Angeles County. Most of
the adults lacked United States
citizenship. It was disrupted in 1942 with
all the residents moved to relocation
camps inland in the Japanese American
Twenty-six of the 44 settlers who
founded Los Angeles in 1781 were
African Americans. Today, 11% of
Los Angeles' population is African
The First African Methodist
Episcopal Church is today the oldest
African American congregation in
Los Angeles. It was founded in 1872
by Bridget (Biddy) Mason who
arrived as a slave in L.A. with her
owner in 1856. However, since
California was a free state, Mason
with the help of local black and
white abolitionists, successfully sued
in court to win her freedom.
Spring Street in 1906, the
year the Alexandria Hotel
Spring Street & 5th Street
•21 years old
arrived in 1877.
•Fewer than 10,000
Los Angeles - 40s-50s
Los Angeles - Seventies
Los Angeles in the
1. How long was California a part of Spain, Mexico
and the U.S?
2. What is the importance of the L.A. Aqueduct to
3. What changes occurred to the city that resulted
from the completion of theAqueduct?
4. If the L.A. Aqueduct had not been built, what do
you think L.A. and So. Cal. would be like now?
5. Why is water conservation important?
6. Why do you think the L.A. Aqueduct is important
to you and your family?
No true/ false answers
No yes/no answers
Add a blank card on the top
for your name, period, and
Use ink – write neatly
Staple on the top left corner,
or use rings. -Be sure I can
open each card and read the
questions and the answers.