Scientific evidence links Native
American populations to Asia
and eastern Siberia
populations. American Indians
resemble some Asian populations
in outward appearance, in the
distribution of blood group types,
and in genetic composition.
Many scientists believe the
indigenous peoples that
eventually populated the
Americas occurred in three
1)Paleo-Indians migration, which includes most
Native Americans south of the Canadian border,
commenced around 11500 B.C..
2)The Na-Dene migration occurred between 10000
B.C. and 8000 B.C.. The Athapascan speaking
populations of Canada and the United States belong to
this group of migrants. From the Athapascan
migrants, the Apache and Navajo reached the
southwestern United States between 1300 and 1400
3)The third migration around 3000 B.C. included the
Aleuts and Eskimos of Alaska, Canada, and the
Aleutian Islands. The First Americans
Native Americans by Edward
The Los Angeles coastal area was first settled by the
Tongva (or Gabrieleños) inland and Chumash on the
coast. Native American tribes thousands of years ago.
•Their language became
extinct during the 1900s
•one of the last Tongva
Pic taken in 1905
The Chumash are a Native American people who
historically inhabited the central and southern coastal
regions of California, in portions of what is now San
Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Ventura and Los Angeles
counties, extending from Morro Bay in the north to
Malibu in the south. They also occupied three of the
Channel Islands. Modern place names with Chumash
origins include Malibu, Lompoc, Ojai, Pismo Beach,
Point Mugu, Port Hueneme, Piru, Lake Castaic,
Saticoy, and Simi Valley.
Archaeological research demonstrates that they lived
along the southern California Coast for millennia.
Real Wild West - 1of4
Real Wild West - 3
Bonanza and Natives
F Troop -Survival of the Fittest 13
F Troop -Survival of the Fittest
1. Explain how the culture of the Midwestern Indians
can be so different from the culture of the Olmecs.
2. How are Asians related to the indigenous people of
3. How would you test if the indigenous people of
South America are related to the people of Asia?
4. How are the Chumash similar to the Tongva
(Gabrielenos) and how are they different?
5. How did the U.S. Cavalry help settle the west?
7. What are your
thoughts on these two
8. What are your
thoughts about this
9. What were 2
indian groups in
10. What years did
the first natives
cross into North
11. What is the name
of the land bridge
that was used?
And why can it not
be used today?