Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved.
R.G. Estrella
Another Estrella Presentation!
Reproduction,...
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R.G. Estrella
Reproduction, Pregnancy, and
Development
Con...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 1 Male Reproductive System
What the ...
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R.G. Estrella
• The testes must be cooler than
the body.
C...
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R.G. Estrella
What the Male Reproductive System
Does
• Egg...
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R.G. Estrella
How the Male Reproductive System Works
• Tes...
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R.G. Estrella
Hormones: are
chemicals that send
messages.
...
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R.G. Estrella
• Puberty: body changes
during the teenage y...
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R.G. Estrella
• Wet Dream:
When an
ejaculation
happens
dur...
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R.G. Estrella
Ch-18 Sec 1 Male Review 1
1. Sperm 6. Testic...
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R.G. Estrella
Circumcision: the foreskin is cut from aroun...
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R.G. Estrella
• Semen: sperm +
3 liquids from the
sex glan...
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R.G. Estrella
3 Sexual Glands in men:
– Prostate Gland: ab...
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R.G. Estrella
How the Male Reproductive
System Works
Chapt...
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R.G. Estrella
Team Work: Pairs -One paper with the full
na...
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R.G. Estrella
Ch-18 Sec 1 Male Review 2
1. Semen
2. Epidid...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive
System
Warm Up...
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R.G. Estrella
How the Female Reproductive System Works
• O...
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R.G. Estrella
• Estrogen regulates girls’
body changes dur...
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R.G. Estrella
• The ovum moves through the
fallopian tube ...
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R.G. Estrella
• Vagina connects the outside of the body to...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive
System
Chapter...
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R.G. Estrella
Ch-18 Section 2 Review #1
Write 2 things abo...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive
System
Young w...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive
System
Normal ...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter ...
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How the Menstrual Cycle Works
• Ovulation (t...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter ...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter ...
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R.G. Estrella
Ch-18 Section 2 Rev. 2
Think
harder!!!
1. Fa...
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R.G. Estrella
Write a story in which you are a sperm.
Desc...
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R.G. Estrella
TSS: Toxic Shock
Syndrome
She spent four wee...
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CYSTITIS
Cystitis: Infections in the
urethra...
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Pap Test: a test to detect cancer of the cer...
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R.G. Estrella
Ages 21 to 29 should have a Pap test done ev...
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Normal Cervix
Section 2 Female Reproductive
...
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R.G. Estrella
Abnormal Cervix
Section 2 Female Reproductiv...
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HPV on Cervix
Section 2 Female Reproductive
...
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R.G. Estrella
• Menopause: when
menstruation ends
at about...
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R.G. Estrella
1. Predict the outcome of an untreated
bacte...
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R.G. Estrella
Diagram fill in the blanks for men and women...
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R.G. Estrella
• 10 Multiple Choice
Questions on Male &
Fem...
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R.G. Estrella
How Life Begins
Sexual intercourse: the peni...
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R.G. Estrella
HCG - Human Chorionic
Gonadotropin: Is a
hor...
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R.G. Estrella
How Life Begins
• After fertilization, the z...
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R.G. Estrella
Embryo
1 month 2 months
The developing human...
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R.G. Estrella
Fetus
After 2 months it
is called a fetus
am...
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R.G. Estrella
How a Baby Develops
• Placenta provides
a de...
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R.G. Estrella
Placenta and
amnion or
amniotic sac
can be s...
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R.G. Estrella
Placenta
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Develop...
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R.G. Estrella
Use complete sentences to explain.
1. Elabor...
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R.G. Estrella
Fraternal Twins: developed
from two differen...
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R.G. Estrella
Identical Twins: they
developed from a singl...
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R.G. Estrella
Conjoined Twins / Siamese Twins: are identic...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Development
Chap...
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R.G. Estrella
Some Hindus believe the little girl is
the r...
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R.G. Estrella
Ch.18 Review 2 -Twins
1. Explain the connect...
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R.G. Estrella
Keeping Healthy Before and During Pregnancy
...
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R.G. Estrella
Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: a set of defects on ...
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Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapt...
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Ultrasound
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Devel...
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R.G. Estrella
Ultrasound
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Devel...
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R.G. Estrella
Miscarriage: death of a fetus before the 20t...
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Ectopic Pregnancy: Zygote gets stuck in
fall...
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R.G. Estrella
Still-Birth: The birth of a dead child or
fe...
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R.G. Estrella
1. How long is a trimester?
2. Define Prenat...
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R.G. Estrella
Gestational Diabetes: diabetes during
pregna...
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Premature baby: birth before full term.
Sect...
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Cesarean Section: surgery to remove
the fetu...
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Cesarean Section
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early...
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Cesarean Section
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early...
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R.G. Estrella
Epidural anesthesia is regional anesthesia t...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Development
Chap...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Development
Chap...
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R.G. Estrella
Birth
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Developmen...
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R.G. Estrella
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Development
Chap...
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R.G. Estrella
Placenta
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
Develop...
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R.G. Estrella
The Cute Baby!
Section 3 Pregnancy & Early
D...
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R.G. Estrella
If Crying Excessively:
•Diaper check
•Hungry...
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R.G. Estrella
End of the Show!
Chapter 18 Reproduction, Pr...
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R.G. Estrella
1. How is an embryo, fetus & baby alike and ...
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R.G. Estrella
• 15 Multiple
Choice on
Reproduction
• List ...
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R.G. Estrella
• 15 flash cards on
Female Reproduction
• Cu...
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  • Health ch 18 reproduction

    1. 1. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Another Estrella Presentation! Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Development Chapter 18 Contact Info: mrestrella1@outlook.com
    2. 2. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Development Contents • Section 1 Male Reproductive System • Section 2 Female Reproductive System • Section 3 Pregnancy and Early Development • Class Rules Chapter 18
    3. 3. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 1 Male Reproductive System What the Male Reproductive System Does • Sperm are sex cells • Guys make 50,000 sperm in one minute! Chapter 18 Collect HW: Pgs.430- 435 5 Facts/Page Draw P.432 The Male Figure
    4. 4. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • The testes must be cooler than the body. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System
    5. 5. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella What the Male Reproductive System Does • Eggs or ova: are sex cells produced by the ovaries. • Fertilization: sperm and egg join to create life. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System Egg Fertilization
    6. 6. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How the Male Reproductive System Works • Testes (testicles) male reproductive organs that produce sperm and testosterone. • The scrotum is a sac containing the testes. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System Human Sperm under scope
    7. 7. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Hormones: are chemicals that send messages. Testosterone is the major male sex hormone. It regulates body changes during puberty and influences sperm production. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System “Testosterone makes boys notice girls”
    8. 8. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Puberty: body changes during the teenage yrs. • Erection: blood making the penis hard. • Ejaculation: semen coming out of the penis. Also called an orgasm or cumming. • Masturbation: giving oneself sexual pleasure. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System
    9. 9. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Wet Dream: When an ejaculation happens during sleep. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System
    10. 10. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ch-18 Sec 1 Male Review 1 1. Sperm 6. Testicles 2. Fertilization 7. Scrotum 3. Testosterone 8. Hormones 4. Puberty 9. Erection 5. Orgasm 10. Wet Dream Group Work: Answer questions, I will ask one person to answer for the group, that will be the group grade 1st try = A, 2nd try = B 3rd try = C CLASSWORK… YES! HW: Draw P.437 & 438 Female Figures & P.436-437 5 Facts/Page - Staple together.
    11. 11. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Circumcision: the foreskin is cut from around the tip of the penis. Foreskin: the skin on the tip of the penis. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System
    12. 12. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Semen: sperm + 3 liquids from the sex glands. • Epididymis: the place where sperm become mature. • Infertile: unable to fertilize an egg. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System
    13. 13. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella 3 Sexual Glands in men: – Prostate Gland: about 1/3 of the semen. Makes a “basic” fluid that removes acid in the vagina. – Seminal Vesicles: make fructose “sugar”, 70% of semen. – Bulbourethral (Cowper’s) gland: makes pre-cum. Lubricates the urethra & cleans it of urine.
    14. 14. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How the Male Reproductive System Works Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System • Sperm from testes  epididymis  vas deferens. Sperm mix with glandular fluids in the vas deferens to make semen, then  urethra and out of the penis. • Urine passes from the urinary bladder into the penis through the urethra.
    15. 15. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Team Work: Pairs -One paper with the full names of your team. Sexual Glands 1.Why does the male produce and ejaculate so many sperm? 2.List two bad things that can happen to sperm inside the vagina. 3.What are the names of the 3 male sexual glands and functions of each of the three liquids 4. What are glandular fluids? 5. List in order the path of the sperm through the following: Urethra, vas deferens, epididymis, testes, seminal vesicles, prostate gland, cowper’s gland
    16. 16. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ch-18 Sec 1 Male Review 2 1. Semen 2. Epididymis 3. Infertile 4. Prostate Gland 5. Seminal Vesicles 6. Cowper’s Gland 7. Male Orgasm 8. Testosterone 9. Two signs of testicular cancer. Chapter 18 Section 1 Male Reproductive System HW: Pgs. 438-439 5 Facts/Page Teens, Sex and STDs Video – to STDs.
    17. 17. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive System Warm Up: Ch-18 Section 2 • List 5 things you know about the female reproductive system. Chapter 18
    18. 18. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How the Female Reproductive System Works • Ovaries produce eggs and the hormones estrogen and progesterone. • There are 200,000 eggs in each ovary Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    19. 19. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Estrogen regulates girls’ body changes during puberty. • Both estrogen and progesterone are involved in menstrual cycles and in the changes during pregnancy. • Uterus: where the fetus will develop. Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18
    20. 20. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • The ovum moves through the fallopian tube (oviduct) to the uterus. • Ovulation: when the egg comes out of the ovary. Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    21. 21. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Vagina connects the outside of the body to the uterus and receives sperm. It is also through which a baby is delivered. • Urethra carries urine out of the body from the bladder. It is above and separate from the vagina. Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18
    22. 22. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    23. 23. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ch-18 Section 2 Review #1 Write 2 things about each one: 1. Ovaries 2. Fallopian Tubes 3. Ovulation 4. Uterus 5. Progesterone 6. Cervix 7. Vagina 8. Urethra 9. Estrogen 10. Ovum Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18 HW: Pgs. 440-442 5 Facts/Page Draw Figure 5 Page 439
    24. 24. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive System Young woman Chapter 18
    25. 25. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive System Normal uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, perimenopause Normal uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, postmenopause Chapter 18
    26. 26. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18 Female Orgasm: The first third of the vaginal walls contract rhythmically. (The number and intensity of the contractions vary depending on the individual orgasm.) The muscles of the uterus also contract barely noticeably. Vulva Opening Opening
    27. 27. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How the Menstrual Cycle Works • Ovulation (the release of an egg) Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18 Menstruation (Period) is the discharge of the uterine lining (blood) out of the vagina if a released egg is not fertilized.
    28. 28. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18 Menstruation lasts average 3 to 7 days. The average menstrual cycle lasts 28 days. Ovulation usually occurs on the 14th day.
    29. 29. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18 Alleviate Menstrual Cramping • Take aspirin, Tylenol (acetaminophen), Motrin (ibuprofen) or Aleve (naproxen). (Note: For best relief, you must take these medications as soon as bleeding or cramping starts.) Ex. “a doctor had her taking 2 in the morning and 2 in the evening starting a day or two before my expected period.” • Place a heating pad or hot water bottle on your lower back or abdomen. • 1) Fill a sock with (uncooked) rice. • 2) Tie it shut or with twine. • 3) Optional: add essential oils or dried plants like lavender. • During menstruation, avoid foods that cause bloating and water retention. Some include: fatty foods, alcohol & carbonated beverages.
    30. 30. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ch-18 Section 2 Rev. 2 Think harder!!! 1. Fallopian Tubes 2. Ovulation 3. Differentiate between the menstrual cycle and menstruation 4. Estrogen 5. What are the 2 hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle? 6. Describe two things that happen during the menstrual cycle. Tell me around what days those two things occur. 7. Advice a girl what can be done for cramps 8. What happens during a female orgasm? 9. Differentiate between the cervix and the vaginal opening. 10. Where is acid found?
    31. 31. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Write a story in which you are a sperm. Describe your journey starting with your creation in the testicles and ending with you joining the ovum (egg). • Your story should have a hero & villain. • Your story must have each of the following terms in it. Highlight each of the words in the story. Each word is worth points. – 1. testicle 2. epididymis 3. vas deferens 4. urethra 5. prostate gland 6. seminal vesicles 7. clitoris 8. vagina 9. acid 10. vaginal white blood cells, 11. bacteria 12. cervix 13. fallopian tubes 14. ovum. Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18 CW or HW: “The Journey – My Story” Stewie
    32. 32. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella TSS: Toxic Shock Syndrome She spent four weeks in ICU and after seven operations, lost her fight for life three weeks after her 16th birthday. Tampons should be changed every 4-6 hours. Tampons are safe, but must be changed. Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18 How to Insert a Tampon
    33. 33. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella CYSTITIS Cystitis: Infections in the urethra. The urethra is shorter in women than in men and therefore much more susceptible to infections. Symptoms of cystitis: 1. A constant and urgent need to urinate even though there is little urine in the bladder. 2. Pain and discomfort while urinating. 3. Sometimes there may be evidence of blood in the urine.
    34. 34. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Pap Test: a test to detect cancer of the cervix or uterus, using a sample of cellular material from the neck of the uterus spread on a microscope slide ( Pap smear ). Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    35. 35. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ages 21 to 29 should have a Pap test done every 3 years. Ages 30 to 65 should have a Pap test plus an HPV test (called “co-testing”) done every 5 years. Section 2 Female Reproductive SystemChapter 18
    36. 36. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Normal Cervix Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    37. 37. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Abnormal Cervix Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18 Cervical Cancer
    38. 38. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella HPV on Cervix Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    39. 39. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • Menopause: when menstruation ends at about the average ages of 45 to 50. Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    40. 40. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella 1. Predict the outcome of an untreated bacterial infection in the urethra? Hint – look at the diagram to the left. 2. How are tampons related to Toxic Shock Syndrome? 3. Elaborate on why males ejaculate hundreds of millions of sperm. 4. How is the Pap Test related to cervical cancer? 5. Differentiate between the vulva and the vagina. 6. One of your female family members has never had a pap test. Create a scenario to inform her of the importance of it. Chapter 18 HW: Pgs. 443-447 5 Facts/Page Ch-18 Section 2 Review #3
    41. 41. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Diagram fill in the blanks for men and women. Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18 Ch-18 Reproductive Parts Review Quiz coming up? 10 11 9 16 17 1514 13 12
    42. 42. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • 10 Multiple Choice Questions on Male & Female • 3 Answers to choose from. • Circle the correct answer. • No True/False • Nothing ridiculous Section 2 Female Reproductive System Chapter 18
    43. 43. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How Life Begins Sexual intercourse: the penis is inserted into the vagina. • From the vagina, sperm travel through the cervix uterus and into the fallopian tubes, where the egg may be and fertilization can take place. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    44. 44. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella HCG - Human Chorionic Gonadotropin: Is a hormone produced by a developing embryo during pregnancy. The hormone has an important role in both the detection and the maintenance of pregnancy. Pregnant women have very high hCG levels, but nonpregnant women do not have it in their blood. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18 EPT: Early Pregnancy Test which looks for HCG.
    45. 45. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How Life Begins • After fertilization, the zygote travels to the uterus and implants (sticks) to the uterine wall. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    46. 46. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Embryo 1 month 2 months The developing human in the first 8 weeks of development is called an embryo. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    47. 47. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Fetus After 2 months it is called a fetus amniotic sac: is the sac in which the fetus develops Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    48. 48. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella How a Baby Develops • Placenta provides a developing baby with nutrients and removes waste. The umbilical cord connects the placenta to the embryo through the navel “belly- button”. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    49. 49. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Placenta and amnion or amniotic sac can be seen here. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 How a Baby Develops
    50. 50. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Placenta Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18
    51. 51. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Use complete sentences to explain. 1. Elaborate on how an EPT works. 2. Predict what would happen to the fetus if the amniotic sac broke too early? 3. How is the placenta related to the health of a fetus? 4. How is the umbilical cord and navel related to the fetus? 5. What is the path a sperm must take to get to the ovum beginning in the vagina? 6. How is an embryo similar to a fetus and how do they differ? 7. A woman is pregnant and doesn’t want to have sex because the penis might hurt the baby. Explain if this is true or false. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18 HW: Pgs. 448-450 5 Facts/Page Answer Pg. 453 #28-31 Ch-18 Section 3 Rev. #1
    52. 52. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Fraternal Twins: developed from two different eggs fertilized by two different sperm cells Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    53. 53. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Identical Twins: they developed from a single fertilized egg that split. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Can they sometimes be one girl and one boy?
    54. 54. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Conjoined Twins / Siamese Twins: are identical twins that did not separate. Extremely rare, estimated to range from 1 in 100,000 births, with a somewhat higher incidence in Southeast Asia, Africa and Brazil. Approximately half are stillborn, and an additional one-third die within 24 hours. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    55. 55. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Conjoined Twins / Siamese Twins Conjoined Twins https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITapW5W5b5w
    56. 56. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Some Hindus believe the little girl is the reincarnation of the Goddess Lakshmi, because of the number of arms. They have threatened any doctor who tries to perform any surgery on the little girl. 1. How might you test to see if she is a regular human girl? 2. Formulate a theory as to why she looks the way she does.
    57. 57. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ch.18 Review 2 -Twins 1. Explain the connection between HCG, Zygote and the EPT 2. Explain the purpose of the Amnion / Amniotic Sac and its connection with birth. 3. What is the connection between the period and the placenta 4. What is the connection between ovaries, ovum and fallopian tubes. 5. Elaborate on how fraternal twins are formed 6. Elaborate on how identical twins are formed 7. How do conjoined twins and identical twins similar and how are they different? 8. How is the navel related to the umbilical cord and the fetus? 9. How would you test to see if two children are identical twins?
    58. 58. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Keeping Healthy Before and During Pregnancy • Some ways to stay healthy before and during pregnancy include: • Avoid alcohol, tobacco, caffeine, and other drugs. • Maintain a nutritious diet. • Take prenatal vitamins prescribed by a doctor. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    59. 59. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Fetal Alcohol Syndrome: a set of defects on an infant that has been exposed to alcohol during pregnancy. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    60. 60. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18 Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
    61. 61. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ultrasound Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    62. 62. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ultrasound Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    63. 63. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Miscarriage: death of a fetus before the 20th week. Most occur during the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. About 50% of pregnancies end in miscarriage and sometimes the woman doesn’t even know she is pregnant. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    64. 64. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Ectopic Pregnancy: Zygote gets stuck in fallopian tube and dies. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    65. 65. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Still-Birth: The birth of a dead child or fetus. There are now four studies that have shown that sleeping on your back can increase the risk of stillbirth. It doesn’t appear this can cause problems by itself, but can be significant for babies that are at risk for other reasons first.
    66. 66. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella 1. How long is a trimester? 2. Define Prenatal 3. How is ultrasound related to the health of the fetus? 4. Elaborate on what pregnant women can do to increase their chances of having healthy babies. 5. How is alcohol related to fetus alcohol syndrome? 6. Form a theory as to why a miscarriage might happen. 7. Sketch the female diagram & label the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries, cervix, vagina. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 HW: P. 453 Choose one of the activities. # 24, 25 or 26. Ch-18 Sec. 3 Rev. #3 -Development In the Womb
    67. 67. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Gestational Diabetes: diabetes during pregnancy. Typically goes away after birth. But it may indicate you’re at a high risk of getting diabetes at a later age. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    68. 68. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Premature baby: birth before full term. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Premature baby
    69. 69. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Cesarean Section: surgery to remove the fetus. (sketch transverse & breech) Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    70. 70. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Cesarean Section Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Caesarean
    71. 71. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Cesarean Section Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    72. 72. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Epidural anesthesia is regional anesthesia that blocks pain in certain areas, especially used for child-birth. Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    73. 73. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    74. 74. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    75. 75. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Birth Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18
    76. 76. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Placenta comes out after baby Childbirth Delivery Raw Footage
    77. 77. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella Placenta Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 After-birth is all the stuff that comes out after the baby. Is it worth the pain? …
    78. 78. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella The Cute Baby! Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 Labor & Delivery for Teens Video
    79. 79. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella If Crying Excessively: •Diaper check •Hungry •Tired •Sick •Leave the room for a short while if you need a break – or ask someone else to watch the baby for a bit. Never Shake A Baby Forever Shaken
    80. 80. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella End of the Show! Chapter 18 Reproduction, Pregnancy, and Development
    81. 81. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella 1. How is an embryo, fetus & baby alike and different? 2. How is the amnion and placenta alike and how is it different? 3. Can you elaborate the reason why identical twins are always the same gender and fraternal twins can be same or different genders? 4. As a medical worker, how would you test to see if a woman has an ectopic pregnancy? (your ideas) 5. Formulate a theory as to why a miscarriage occurs. 6. How is a transverse or breech fetus position related to a cesarean section? 7. How is the after-birth and birth alike and how are they different? 8. Your friend calls you and says he is alone baby-sitting and can’t take the crying baby anymore. Suggest three things he could do? Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18 Ch-18 Section 3 Rev. #4
    82. 82. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • 15 Multiple Choice on Reproduction • List 3 answers to choose from and circle the correct letter for the answer. • No ridiculous questions/answers • No true/false or yes/no Section 3 Pregnancy & Early Development Chapter 18 TEST ON …
    83. 83. Copyright © by Holt, Rinehart and Winston. All rights reserved. R.G. Estrella • 15 flash cards on Female Reproduction • Cut a paper into 8 cards. • No ridiculous questions/answers • No true/false or yes/no • Use the top card for your full name, period, date and title: “Female Reproduction” Section 3 Pregnancy & Early DevelopmentChapter 18 TEST ON …

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