Mr. R. Estrella
Mr. R. Estrella
mrestrella1@outlook.com
5 - 2
Vocabulary
Prey: The animal that is hunted.
Predator: Hunter.
Herbivore: Eats only plants.
Omnivore: Eats both plant...
5 - 3
Migration
Range
Range: Where a species spends most of its’ time.
Migration: The route which a species takes to move....
5 - 4
• Kingdom:
Animalia
• Phylum:
Chordata (have
a notochord)
• Subphylum:
Vertebrata (have
a backbone)
• Class:
Mammalia
5 - 5
• Have hair on some part
of the body.
• Nourish young with
milk produced by
mammary glands.
• homeothermic (warm-
bl...
1. Monotremes: Lay eggs. A cloaca – one opening
for waste and birth.
duck-billed platypus
Echidna “spiny ant-eater
2. Marsupials give birth to live young that grow to
maturity inside a pouch.
Kangaroo Joey in Pouch
Wombat
Kangaroo
Opossu...
5 - 8
3. Regular Mammals
5 - 9
Seals: don’t have ear flaps, rear flippers
point backward and cannot rotate
forward, seals crawl on their stomachs
o...
Harbor Seal California Sea Lion
5 - 10
Steller’s Sea Lion: found
in Northern California
5 - 11
Elephant Seals in CA
Elephant Seal
Sea Otter
Sea Otter's life
1. Identify three things all mammals
have/do.
2. What are two seals you can see in
Long Beach?
3. How is a dog different f...
Cetaceans: Whales, dolphins & porpoises are
divided into two suborders:
1. Baleen Whales: a group of filter feeders.
Cetac...
2. Toothed whales: made up of sperm whales,
dolphins (also killer whales) and porpoises. They are
predators.
Cetaceans: Wh...
• Most cetaceans use echolocation and
communicate by sound.
5 - 16
Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
5 - 17
Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
Dolphin Lifesavers pt-1
Dolphin Lifesavers pt- 2.
5 - 18
Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
Stranding: when sea
mammals go on the
beach and usually die.
Possible causes are:
• Sonar
• Pollution that weakens
their i...
5 - 20
https://www.youtube.c
om/watch?v=bvfr2QE
83kU
https://www.youtube.co
m/watch?v=vYTnky1
Mt_Y
The Ultimate Guide Whal...
5 - 21
1. What Kingdom, Phylum & Class are whales in?
2. What kind of damage may sonar be causing whales and
dolphins?
3. ...
Southern California Mammals
Grey Fox Red Fox
Grey Fox -Rescued
Bobcat Mountain Lion
Bobcat Stalks a Pocket Gopher
Mountain Lions BBC
Mountain Lion in
Hollywood
Southern California Mamma...
What to do if you encounter a mountain lion in the
wild.
• Don’t hike alone
• They usually hunt between dusk and
dawn.
• F...
White-tailed Deer
Mule Deer
Deer -Nature
Southern California Mammals
Mule Deer
W.T.
Deer
What is the difference between Mule Deer and
Whitetail Deer?
• Geographical distribution is wider for whitetails
compared ...
Little Brown Bat
Bats-Facts
• Some eat a large number of
flying insects, including
mosquitoes. Others help
pollinate flowe...
Opossum
Opossum As A Pet
• It is a marsupial – has
pouch.
• Can make good pets
Opossum Pet is changing perceptions
Souther...
Black Bear
• 3 colors – most
common is black
• Omnivores
Bear & Dumpster
Bears of the Last Frontier
Southern California Ma...
If you meet up with a Black
Bear
• Remain calm and move slowly. It will
usually take off as soon as it sees you. A
more cu...
• Make noise. Yell. Bang metal pots. Let
the bear know that you're human and
intimidating. Wave your arms.
• Do not run -e...
Grizzly Bear
• Grizzlies have a rounder shaped
face and a hump on their back.
• Larger.
• Grizzlies hunt very well.
• Griz...
Raccoon Striped Skunk
Silly Racoons
Is That Skunk - NatureRaccoons -BBC Short
Southern California Mammals
Eastern Fox Squirrel CA. Ground Squirrel
Southern California Mammals
Botta’s Pocket Gopher CA Harvest Mouse
Gopher Digs a burrow
Southern California Mammals
Desert Cottontail Brush Rabbit
(smaller)
Southern California Mammals
Elk Coyote
Very large deer-like, dark
hairy area on neck.
Found in Northern
California. In Search of Coyote Pups
Southern ...
ChipmunkGround Squirrel
Chipmunks have stripes on their back and tail
Southern California Mammals
Western Gray Squirrel
Southern California Mammals
Ring-Tailed
Cat
Vole
Short tail & size of a mouse.
Southern California Mammals
Sea Otter Beaver
Sea Otter's life
Southern California Mammals
Southern California Mammals
?
Rodents Going Into
Homes
Southern California Mammals
Rats typically are
scavengers. They
help clean areas,
however the problem
comes back to
humans leaving too
much trash whic...
• Brodifacoum, bromodialone,
difenacoum and difethialone
are second-generation
anticoagulants.
• Warfarin, chlorophacinone...
• Second-Generation
products are much
more toxic and
persistent, so they
pose a much
greater threat to
non-target wildlife...
5 - 48
Mammals Review
1. List two characteristics that only mammals have.
2. Explain to your friend how bats catch mosquitos.
3. ...
• Write 10 multiple choice questions on
mammals
• No T/F or Yes/No answers
• No ridiculous questions/answers
• 3 answers t...
Include: 30 to 32 font for information
 Title Slide – includes your full name, period, date &
mammal’s common and scient...
o Bottlenose Dolphin
o Common Dolphin
o Porpoises
o California Sea Lion
o Steller’s Sea Lion
o Harbor Seal
o Northern Elep...
Index card (up to 10 bullet
sentences)
Look Up! – Look at the
computers if nervous
Speak Up! - Don’t mumble
Be serious...
5 - 54
Title Slide __/2 Name _______
3 Pix of the mammal ___/2 Per ___
Diet __/2 Animal _____________
Range Map ___ / 2 Pr...
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Southern California Mammals

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common mammals in So. California

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Southern California Mammals

  1. 1. Mr. R. Estrella Mr. R. Estrella mrestrella1@outlook.com
  2. 2. 5 - 2 Vocabulary Prey: The animal that is hunted. Predator: Hunter. Herbivore: Eats only plants. Omnivore: Eats both plants and meat. Carnivore: Eats only meat.
  3. 3. 5 - 3 Migration Range Range: Where a species spends most of its’ time. Migration: The route which a species takes to move. Breeding Area: Where a species has it’s off-spring. Breeding Area
  4. 4. 5 - 4 • Kingdom: Animalia • Phylum: Chordata (have a notochord) • Subphylum: Vertebrata (have a backbone) • Class: Mammalia
  5. 5. 5 - 5 • Have hair on some part of the body. • Nourish young with milk produced by mammary glands. • homeothermic (warm- blooded) with a constant internal temperature. • majority give birth to live young.
  6. 6. 1. Monotremes: Lay eggs. A cloaca – one opening for waste and birth. duck-billed platypus Echidna “spiny ant-eater
  7. 7. 2. Marsupials give birth to live young that grow to maturity inside a pouch. Kangaroo Joey in Pouch Wombat Kangaroo Opossum Koala
  8. 8. 5 - 8 3. Regular Mammals
  9. 9. 5 - 9 Seals: don’t have ear flaps, rear flippers point backward and cannot rotate forward, seals crawl on their stomachs outside of water. Sea Lions: ear flaps, hind flippers rotate, can sit upright and run.
  10. 10. Harbor Seal California Sea Lion 5 - 10
  11. 11. Steller’s Sea Lion: found in Northern California 5 - 11 Elephant Seals in CA Elephant Seal
  12. 12. Sea Otter Sea Otter's life
  13. 13. 1. Identify three things all mammals have/do. 2. What are two seals you can see in Long Beach? 3. How is a dog different from a platypus? How is it alike? (besides looks). 4. How are seals and sea lions different? How are they alike? 5. What facts would you use to support the idea that rabbits are closer related to a seal than to a bird? 5 - 13 Mammals Intro. Review
  14. 14. Cetaceans: Whales, dolphins & porpoises are divided into two suborders: 1. Baleen Whales: a group of filter feeders. Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  15. 15. 2. Toothed whales: made up of sperm whales, dolphins (also killer whales) and porpoises. They are predators. Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  16. 16. • Most cetaceans use echolocation and communicate by sound. 5 - 16 Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  17. 17. 5 - 17 Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  18. 18. Dolphin Lifesavers pt-1 Dolphin Lifesavers pt- 2. 5 - 18 Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  19. 19. Stranding: when sea mammals go on the beach and usually die. Possible causes are: • Sonar • Pollution that weakens their immune system leading to infections. Pod: a family of whales or dolphins Euthanize: killing in a painless way. Whales in Crisis http://www.snagfilms.com/films/t itle/whales_in_crisis Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  20. 20. 5 - 20 https://www.youtube.c om/watch?v=bvfr2QE 83kU https://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=vYTnky1 Mt_Y The Ultimate Guide Whales The Ultimate Guide Dolphins Homework – Choose one of the videos to watch and use the graphic organizer Cetaceans: Whales, Dolphins & Porpoises
  21. 21. 5 - 21 1. What Kingdom, Phylum & Class are whales in? 2. What kind of damage may sonar be causing whales and dolphins? 3. Explain how echolocation works. 4. What are baleen and toothed whales alike? How are they different? 5. How is sonar/echo location related to the life of cetaceans? 6. Elaborate on why cetacean strandings occur. 7. Can you formulate a theory for the purpose of a pod? 8. How are porpoises and dolphins alike and different? 9. How might oil on the streets from cars related to dolphin deaths?
  22. 22. Southern California Mammals Grey Fox Red Fox Grey Fox -Rescued
  23. 23. Bobcat Mountain Lion Bobcat Stalks a Pocket Gopher Mountain Lions BBC Mountain Lion in Hollywood Southern California Mammals
  24. 24. What to do if you encounter a mountain lion in the wild. • Don’t hike alone • They usually hunt between dusk and dawn. • Face the lion • Look large: stand on boulder, pick up backpack over your head, • Make loud noises • Carry Bear Spray Mountain Lion - Encounter
  25. 25. White-tailed Deer Mule Deer Deer -Nature Southern California Mammals
  26. 26. Mule Deer W.T. Deer
  27. 27. What is the difference between Mule Deer and Whitetail Deer? • Geographical distribution is wider for whitetails compared to mule deer. • Mule deer is larger compared to whitetail deer in body size. • Mule deer has mule-like large ears but those are small in whitetail deer. • Whitetails have white colored fur under their tails, whereas mule deer have white tails with a black tip. • Whitetails have a main beam with individual tines coming up. Antlers of mule deer are bifurcated rather than branching from a single main beam.
  28. 28. Little Brown Bat Bats-Facts • Some eat a large number of flying insects, including mosquitoes. Others help pollinate flowers. • Bats drop first to fly. • Echolocation • Not normal for it to be on the ground. Brown Bat Little Louisa Southern California Mammals
  29. 29. Opossum Opossum As A Pet • It is a marsupial – has pouch. • Can make good pets Opossum Pet is changing perceptions Southern California Mammals
  30. 30. Black Bear • 3 colors – most common is black • Omnivores Bear & Dumpster Bears of the Last Frontier Southern California Mammals
  31. 31. If you meet up with a Black Bear • Remain calm and move slowly. It will usually take off as soon as it sees you. A more curious bear may stand on its hind legs to see you better. • If the bear is cornered, back off slowly to give it room to escape. Don't turn your back on it, but do back up a few yards as calmly and slowly as you can. This is especially true if you meet a sow with small cubs. • Pick up any children with you, and leash your dog. Better yet, don't bring your dog to bear country. Put small kids on your shoulders: this protects them and makes you look bigger.
  32. 32. • Make noise. Yell. Bang metal pots. Let the bear know that you're human and intimidating. Wave your arms. • Do not run -even if the bear charges at you, it's merely trying to intimidate you with a bluff charge. Running is prey behavior, and may encourage the bear to attack. Black bears can run at 30 miles per hour and can climb trees. Stand your ground, and retreat slowly, facing the animal the entire time. • If the bear actually attacks you, use bear spray if you have it. Black Bear Bluff Charges
  33. 33. Grizzly Bear • Grizzlies have a rounder shaped face and a hump on their back. • Larger. • Grizzlies hunt very well. • Grizzlies are NOT found in California, only on the CA flag. Black Bear
  34. 34. Raccoon Striped Skunk Silly Racoons Is That Skunk - NatureRaccoons -BBC Short Southern California Mammals
  35. 35. Eastern Fox Squirrel CA. Ground Squirrel Southern California Mammals
  36. 36. Botta’s Pocket Gopher CA Harvest Mouse Gopher Digs a burrow Southern California Mammals
  37. 37. Desert Cottontail Brush Rabbit (smaller) Southern California Mammals
  38. 38. Elk Coyote Very large deer-like, dark hairy area on neck. Found in Northern California. In Search of Coyote Pups Southern California Mammals
  39. 39. ChipmunkGround Squirrel Chipmunks have stripes on their back and tail Southern California Mammals
  40. 40. Western Gray Squirrel Southern California Mammals
  41. 41. Ring-Tailed Cat Vole Short tail & size of a mouse. Southern California Mammals
  42. 42. Sea Otter Beaver Sea Otter's life Southern California Mammals
  43. 43. Southern California Mammals
  44. 44. ? Rodents Going Into Homes Southern California Mammals
  45. 45. Rats typically are scavengers. They help clean areas, however the problem comes back to humans leaving too much trash which creates an over- population of rats in cities. New York's Rattiest Park
  46. 46. • Brodifacoum, bromodialone, difenacoum and difethialone are second-generation anticoagulants. • Warfarin, chlorophacinone and diphacinone are first- generation anticoagulant rodenticides. • Anticoagulant rodenticides Prevent blood from clotting. Animals that ingest them die from internal hemorrhaging (bleeding) several days after eating the material. Rat Dying From Rodenticide
  47. 47. • Second-Generation products are much more toxic and persistent, so they pose a much greater threat to non-target wildlife. • Bromethalin and Strychnine are neural toxins. • Cholecalciferol is an acute rodenticide that causes kidney failure. Activists Work To Ban Rat Poison in LA Puppy who ate rat poison
  48. 48. 5 - 48
  49. 49. Mammals Review 1. List two characteristics that only mammals have. 2. Explain to your friend how bats catch mosquitos. 3. List 2 CA herbivores, 2 CA carnivores & 2 CA omnivores. 4. A mountain lion was acting aggressive towards a hiker in the news. Explain to someone why this could have happened. (2 reasons) 5. Your friend is going camping in the wilderness, but she is afraid of cougars. Give her some advice. (include at least three things) 6. Your friend is going hiking at Big Bear California to get away and reduce her stress. Analyze the situation and make some recommendations to keep her safe from bears. (include three things) 7. Why are whales closer related to a coyote than to a shark? 8. In the news, some whales stranded. Explain to someone two reasons why this usually happens. 9. What kind of damage may sonar be causing whales and dolphins? 10. Explain in a few sentences how a dolphin will find fish. 11. Explain to a person how a mountain lion died from rodenticide. Also discuss how it works to kill mice and rats. 5 - 49
  50. 50. • Write 10 multiple choice questions on mammals • No T/F or Yes/No answers • No ridiculous questions/answers • 3 answers to choose from. Circle correct one. • Test, including characteristics and pictures will be on? 5 - 50
  51. 51. Include: 30 to 32 font for information  Title Slide – includes your full name, period, date & mammal’s common and scientific name.  Minimum 3 pictures of the mammal (1 or 2 slides)  Diet – at least 2 pix of their prey (1 or 2 slides)  Range and migration map (1 or 2 slides)  Predators (1 or 2 slides)  Present threats (1 or 2 slides)  Current status (endangered, threatened, not threatened) (1 or 2 slides) 1 or 2 Slides with interesting facts about the animal.  Sources (the last slide) Present it in a power point, vuvox or prezi format. Have enough information to cover 3 minutes. Each minute you go over or under will be a letter grade lower. 5 - 51
  52. 52. o Bottlenose Dolphin o Common Dolphin o Porpoises o California Sea Lion o Steller’s Sea Lion o Harbor Seal o Northern Elephant Seal o Sea Otter o Orcas o Blue Whale o Grey Whale o Humpback Whale o Pilot Whale o Beaver 5 - 52 o Mountain Lion Skunk o Bobcat Racoon o Mule Deer Shrew o Elk Mole o Opposum Coyote o Brush Rabbit Black Bear o Desert Cottontail Wolf o Botta’s Pocket Gopher Roof Rat o CA. Harvest Mouse Norway Rat o Gray Squirrel o Ground Squirrel o Eastern Fox Squirrel o Grey Fox Kit Fox o Red Fox Pica o Little Brown Bat Ringtail
  53. 53. Index card (up to 10 bullet sentences) Look Up! – Look at the computers if nervous Speak Up! - Don’t mumble Be serious during presentations Remember, almost everyone here will be nervous in front of the class. Let me know a day ahead of time of video clip if you have 5 - 53
  54. 54. 5 - 54 Title Slide __/2 Name _______ 3 Pix of the mammal ___/2 Per ___ Diet __/2 Animal _____________ Range Map ___ / 2 Predators ___/2 Threats ___/ 2 Status ___ / 2 Facts __ / 2 Sources __ / 2 Voice __ / 2 Creativity __/2 Minutes __ / 2 Answered Questions __ / 1 Total ___ Title Slide __/2 Name _______ 3 Pix of the mammal ___/2 Per ___ Diet __/2 Animal _____________ Range Map ___ / 2 Predators ___/2 Threats ___/ 2 Status ___ / 2 Facts __ / 2 Sources __ / 2 Voice __ / 2 Creativity __/2 Minutes __ / 2 Answered Questions __ / 1 Total ___ A: 22-25 B: 20-21 C: 16-19 D: 12-15 Title Slide __/2 Name _______ 3 Pix of the mammal ___/2 Per ___ Diet __/2 Animal _____________ Range Map ___ / 2 Predators ___/2 Threats ___/ 2 Status ___ / 2 Facts __ / 2 Sources __ / 2 Voice __ / 2 Creativity __/2 Minutes __ / 2 Answered Questions __ / 1 Total ___ A: 22-25 B: 20-21 C: 16-19 D: 12-15 Title Slide __/2 Name _______ 3 Pix of the mammal ___/2 Per ___ Diet __/2 Animal _____________ Range Map ___ / 2 Predators ___/2 Threats ___/ 2 Status ___ / 2 Facts __ / 2 Sources __ / 2 Voice __ / 2 Creativity __/2 Minutes __ / 2 Answered Questions __ / 1 Total ___

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