Slide 2Chinese EconomicDevelopment• Foreign economic influence was eliminated– most foreigners were kicked out of China• A Soviet style 5 year plan was implementedto encourage industrialization.• Large pieces of land were redistributed topeasant farmers.• (These efforts had limited success.)
Slide 3Great Leap Forward• 10 years later, Mao’sgovernment took back allland throughcollectivization• State-controlled collectivefarms were created• Some city-dwellers weremoved along with peasantsonto collective farms.
Slide 5Great Leap Forward• The plans failed miserably – famine causedover 20 million deaths, steel productiondropped drastically, the program endedearly, and Mao’s power was reduced
Slide 6Chinese Social Class Changes• Wealthy upper class(including rulingfamilies) wasremoved.• Landowning classwas destroyed.• Intellectuals attacked• Working classofficially the onlyclass
Slide 7Social ClassCommunist Party Leaders• Became the new upperclassMilitary Leaders• Continued to be in theupper classWorkers (especially ruralworkers• Gained status (yeteconomic conditionsdeteriorated)
Slide 8Women’s Status Improved“Women hold up half the sky.”• Foot-binding endedand arrangedmarriages werelimited• Women could holdprofessions, join thearmy, and serve in thegovernment.• “Legal equality” withmen.
Slide 9Women’s Status Improved?• Women were working outside of the homeAND still responsible for the home andchildcare.• Traditional emphasis on men as “superior”continued.
Slide 10Cultural Revolution1960s• Mao wished to regainpower he lost in theGreat Leap Forward andcreate anotherrevolutionarymovement.• Created The Red Guardfrom the Chinese youth– students, peasants, &soldiers
Slide 13Cultural Revolution• Red Guard attackedpeople in positions ofpower or privilegewho publiclydisagreed with Mao.• Any “suspects” wereimprisoned or forcedinto labor in ruralareas.
Slide 14Cultural Revolution• Traditional culture andeducation weredestroyed.• Cult of personalityformed around Mao• Eventually militaryleaders supportedending culturalrevolution in fear that itwould get out of control.