CCOT 1500 BCE to 1 CE First Civs to Classical Civs

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CCOT 1500 BCE to 1 CE First Civs to Classical Civs

  1. 1. Continuities & Changes over Time
  2. 2. By the 600s BCE new civilizations were on the rise. This new period of human history (until 600 CE) is called the CLASSICAL PERIOD.
  3. 3.  Monarchs continued to rule most of the new civilizations  Patriarchy  A wide gap between the small number of elite and everyone else  The practice of slavery  Social Classes and Economic structures
  4. 4.  Population grew more rapidly  The size of the states or empires grew (later civs were much larger than Mesopotamian city-states or the Egyptian Empire)  New philosophical and religious traditions (Confucianism, Daoism, Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Zoroastrianism, and Christianity)
  5. 5.  Technological innovations to help humans manipulate the environment  For example:  China-bellows, loom, silk making, wheelbarrow, harness, crossbow, iron casting  India-sugar, cotton  Rome-aqueducts, roads)  Emergence of more elaborate, widespread, & dense networks of exchange & communication--especially Indian Ocean trade networks & the Silk Road
  6. 6. Persia in the Middle East Greek Civilization and then the Roman Empire along the Mediterranean Qin & Han Dynasties in China  Mauryan & Gupta Empires in India

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