The South, The North, and a War with the French.
Mercantilism
 Competition to acquire the most gold
 Colonies are a source of raw materials & a market for
British goods
...
Navigation Acts of 1651
 Restricted colonial trade
 All colonial trade has to go through England
 Good for England and ...
Crackdown in Massachusetts
 Punish colonists smuggling
goods
 Revoke Mass.’s charter
 Maine to New Jersey:
Dominion of ...
Sir Edmund Andros
 Installed as D.O.N.E.’s
royal governor
 Restricts local assemblies
and levies taxes without
input fro...
Glorious Revolution
 King of England is a Catholic,
James II
 Ignores Parliament
 Has a son
William & Mary
 William of Orange: Dutch
royal
 Mary: Protestant daughter of
James II
 Parliament votes to install as
n...
Salutary Neglect: England Gets Bored
 Raw materials keep flowing
 Colonists keep buying English goods
 Relaxed enforcem...
Royal Authority Weakens
 Colonial governors appointed by
the Crown
 Paid by colonial assemblies
 Who really controls th...
Southern Plantation Economy
 Cash crops dominate southern economy
 Plantations instead of towns
 Shipped crops to the N...
Planters vs. Farmers
 Planters: wealthy owners of large estates
 Controlled southern economy, politics & society
 Small...
What role did women play in the South?
 Could not vote
 Educated in social graces or domestic tasks
 Working Class: coo...
Indentured Servants
 Poor white men
 Indentured themselves to
escape poverty in Europe
 When freed, scratched out a
liv...
Slavery in the South
 Agrarian economy demands labor
 Slaves brought from Africa
 1750: 200,000 slaves in America
 80-...
Olaudah Equiano
 Captured by slave traders as a boy
 Enslaved in Barbados & Virginia
 Sold to British Naval Officer
 B...
Slave Trade
Middle Passage
The Commercial North
 1650-1750: colonial economy grows faster than Britain’s
 Northern agriculture diverse – examples?
Northern Industry
 Commerce grows in New England
 Fishing, lumber, shipbuilding
 1760: 1/3 of all British ships built i...
Life in the North
 Urban – Boston, Philadelphia, NYC
 Open squares, parks, police, and lit sidewalks
 Lack of firewood ...
Life in the North
 Germans and Scots-Irish
pour into the North –
Positives?
 Slavery exists, though less
incentive than ...
The Enlightenment
 Movement of the 1700s
 World is scientific, not
magical
 Truth through reason and
experimentation
 ...
Great Awakening
 Religious movement mid-1700s
 Response to the decline of the Puritan church in New England
 Revival me...
The Other North American
Empire…France
 1608: Quebec
founded
 Control entire
Mississippi River
Valley
 Population only
...
French & Indian War
 Great Britain v. France
 British attempts to evict the
French from Ft. Duquesne fail
 New British ...
Aftermath of War
 Britain: all territory east of
Mississippi
 Spain: all French land west
of Mississippi
 France: keep ...
Tensions Emerge
 1761: Britain cracks down on smuggling
 10,000 British troops stationed in America
 Britain’s national...
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
Us hist the colonies come of age
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Us hist the colonies come of age

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The British Colonies -- The South, the North & a War with the French

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Us hist the colonies come of age

  1. 1. The South, The North, and a War with the French.
  2. 2. Mercantilism  Competition to acquire the most gold  Colonies are a source of raw materials & a market for British goods I gotsta get paid! King Charles II Colonial Merchant
  3. 3. Navigation Acts of 1651  Restricted colonial trade  All colonial trade has to go through England  Good for England and most colonists  Some colonial merchants resist
  4. 4. Crackdown in Massachusetts  Punish colonists smuggling goods  Revoke Mass.’s charter  Maine to New Jersey: Dominion of New England
  5. 5. Sir Edmund Andros  Installed as D.O.N.E.’s royal governor  Restricts local assemblies and levies taxes without input from local leaders.  Hated by almost everyone in America
  6. 6. Glorious Revolution  King of England is a Catholic, James II  Ignores Parliament  Has a son
  7. 7. William & Mary  William of Orange: Dutch royal  Mary: Protestant daughter of James II  Parliament votes to install as new monarchs  Supremacy of Parliament  New England colonies get their charters back
  8. 8. Salutary Neglect: England Gets Bored  Raw materials keep flowing  Colonists keep buying English goods  Relaxed enforcement of regulations
  9. 9. Royal Authority Weakens  Colonial governors appointed by the Crown  Paid by colonial assemblies  Who really controls these governors?  Why doesn’t England keep the reins tightened?
  10. 10. Southern Plantation Economy  Cash crops dominate southern economy  Plantations instead of towns  Shipped crops to the North & England  Rural & Self-sufficient
  11. 11. Planters vs. Farmers  Planters: wealthy owners of large estates  Controlled southern economy, politics & society  Small Farmers: European immigrants; poor to Middle Class  1713-1774: tobacco exports in the Chesapeake tripled
  12. 12. What role did women play in the South?  Could not vote  Educated in social graces or domestic tasks  Working Class: cook, clean, garden, sew, milk cows, slaughter pigs  Planter Class: be rich (servants handled household chores)
  13. 13. Indentured Servants  Poor white men  Indentured themselves to escape poverty in Europe  When freed, scratched out a living in the western parts of southern colonies
  14. 14. Slavery in the South  Agrarian economy demands labor  Slaves brought from Africa  1750: 200,000 slaves in America  80-90% farm work  Full-time work by 12  some slaves rented out
  15. 15. Olaudah Equiano  Captured by slave traders as a boy  Enslaved in Barbados & Virginia  Sold to British Naval Officer  Bought his freedom in 1766  Leading abolitionist in Britain https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X485Irzty-E
  16. 16. Slave Trade
  17. 17. Middle Passage
  18. 18. The Commercial North  1650-1750: colonial economy grows faster than Britain’s  Northern agriculture diverse – examples?
  19. 19. Northern Industry  Commerce grows in New England  Fishing, lumber, shipbuilding  1760: 1/3 of all British ships built in the colonies  Merchant class grows powerful
  20. 20. Life in the North  Urban – Boston, Philadelphia, NYC  Open squares, parks, police, and lit sidewalks  Lack of firewood and water – garbage floods the streets
  21. 21. Life in the North  Germans and Scots-Irish pour into the North – Positives?  Slavery exists, though less incentive than in the South  No political rights for women – expected to obey their husbands
  22. 22. The Enlightenment  Movement of the 1700s  World is scientific, not magical  Truth through reason and experimentation  How does the Enlightenment influence political thought?  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4jRR7CWLCZI English Philosopher John Locke
  23. 23. Great Awakening  Religious movement mid-1700s  Response to the decline of the Puritan church in New England  Revival meetings held throughout colonies  Challenged authority of traditional churches  How does the Great Awakening influence political thought?
  24. 24. The Other North American Empire…France  1608: Quebec founded  Control entire Mississippi River Valley  Population only 70,000 (1 million British colonists)  How did French colonies differ from British?
  25. 25. French & Indian War  Great Britain v. France  British attempts to evict the French from Ft. Duquesne fail  New British PM William Pitt stunts French success  Iroquois now supporting British  Decisive British victory in Quebec
  26. 26. Aftermath of War  Britain: all territory east of Mississippi  Spain: all French land west of Mississippi  France: keep small islands in near Newfoundland & West Indies  Indians: must now deal with British  Proclamation of 1763: Britain forbids colonial expansion beyond the Appalachian Mtns
  27. 27. Tensions Emerge  1761: Britain cracks down on smuggling  10,000 British troops stationed in America  Britain’s national debt doubled from the war  1764: Sugar Act

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