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ANCIENT EGYPT
NILE RIVER-- longest river in the world-- flows north to the Mediterranean Sea-- at the river’s delta, silt is deposited.-...
NILE RIVERWhat was the weather like in Egypt?What was the land not near the desert like?NetflixCrash Course – Ancient Egypt
FARMING IN ANCIENT EGYPT-- irrigation canals were dug to bring water to dry areas-- in 1600 BC, the shadoof was used to mo...
HOUSING IN ANCIENT EGYPT-- bricks of mud mixed with chopped straw-- wove sticks and palm for roofs-- reed mats with linen ...
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMY -- economy depended on farmingMining-- copper and iron for tools & weapons-- Gold, limestone, gra...
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMYFishing & Hunting-- lightweight, reed rafts, nets, and harpoons for fishing-- speared hippos & cro...
ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMYTransportation & Trade-- Nile became a highway-- reed boats with sails and oars-- slow & navigable...
EGYPTIAN SOCIAL ROLES                                Cared for theRuler                                templesBelieve     ...
EXPANDINGKNOWLEDGE
MATH AND SCIENCE
MEDICINE
BELIEFS &RELIGION
LIFE AFTER DEATH
MIDDLE KINGDOM   Between 2160 and 2055 BC Egypt gripped by Civil    War   Pharaoh Mentuhotep II brings stability
AMENEMHET I   Founds Twelfth Dynasty 1985 BC   Claimed the Prophecy of Neferti foretold of his rise   His dynasty laste...
STRENGTH & WEALTH OF THE TWELFTH DYNASTY   Used military might to extend Egypt’s boundaries   Sought Nubian gold   Agri...
DECLINE OF THE MIDDLE KINGDOM-- Asiatics (Asians) move into the eastern Delta-- Hyksos invade from Palestine & Syria-- Hyk...
NEW KINGDOM
HATSHEPSUT First woman pharaoh Ruled with stepson  Thutmose III Sole ruler by 1472 BC
GROWTH OF TRADE   Hatshepsut uses    trade to grow the    empire   Traded with an African    land called Punt   Brought...
LEGACY OF HATSHEPSUT Erected many obelisks as an homage to  herself Ruled for 15 years Perhaps killed by her stepson
REFORMING PHARAOH: AKHENATON   Akhenaton becomes    pharaoh in 1353 BC   Raises the sun god Aton to    be “top god”   P...
REFORM ENDS   Tutankhamen becomes    pharaoh in 1333 BC   His advisers convinced him    to worship the old gods
POWERFUL PHARAOH: RAMSES II Ruled for 66 years Expanded empire through  war Expanded into Nubia Defeated the Hittites ...
RAMSES HONORS HIMSELF   Built a city called Pi-Ramses   At Abu-Simbel, built a temple    with two 66-foot statues of    ...
EGYPT’S DECLINE   After death of Ramses, the Egyptian empire    weakened   Ruled by foreign powers for the next 1,000 ye...
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Ancient egypt1

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Ancient egypt1

  1. 1. ANCIENT EGYPT
  2. 2. NILE RIVER-- longest river in the world-- flows north to the Mediterranean Sea-- at the river’s delta, silt is deposited.-- flooding creates rich farmland-- floods at predictable times
  3. 3. NILE RIVERWhat was the weather like in Egypt?What was the land not near the desert like?NetflixCrash Course – Ancient Egypt
  4. 4. FARMING IN ANCIENT EGYPT-- irrigation canals were dug to bring water to dry areas-- in 1600 BC, the shadoof was used to move water-- Turned wheat into flour and then breadLettuceOnionsCucumbersFigsGrapes-- wove flax into linen
  5. 5. HOUSING IN ANCIENT EGYPT-- bricks of mud mixed with chopped straw-- wove sticks and palm for roofs-- reed mats with linen sheets-- Nobles: tree-lined courtyards pools of lotus blossoms
  6. 6. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMY -- economy depended on farmingMining-- copper and iron for tools & weapons-- Gold, limestone, granite for tombs & temples-- turquoise, emerald for jewelry
  7. 7. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMYFishing & Hunting-- lightweight, reed rafts, nets, and harpoons for fishing-- speared hippos & crocodiles
  8. 8. ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ECONOMYTransportation & Trade-- Nile became a highway-- reed boats with sails and oars-- slow & navigable-- trade created surpluses
  9. 9. EGYPTIAN SOCIAL ROLES Cared for theRuler templesBelieve Pleased thed to be Trained in hieroglyphics godsa god. Used a barter system Largest Group debtors, criminals, prisoners of war
  10. 10. EXPANDINGKNOWLEDGE
  11. 11. MATH AND SCIENCE
  12. 12. MEDICINE
  13. 13. BELIEFS &RELIGION
  14. 14. LIFE AFTER DEATH
  15. 15. MIDDLE KINGDOM Between 2160 and 2055 BC Egypt gripped by Civil War Pharaoh Mentuhotep II brings stability
  16. 16. AMENEMHET I Founds Twelfth Dynasty 1985 BC Claimed the Prophecy of Neferti foretold of his rise His dynasty lasted for 200 years
  17. 17. STRENGTH & WEALTH OF THE TWELFTH DYNASTY Used military might to extend Egypt’s boundaries Sought Nubian gold Agriculture grew 150,000 new acres of farmland created Literature and trade grew
  18. 18. DECLINE OF THE MIDDLE KINGDOM-- Asiatics (Asians) move into the eastern Delta-- Hyksos invade from Palestine & Syria-- Hyksos conquer Egypt by 1630 BC-- Rule lasts for 100 years
  19. 19. NEW KINGDOM
  20. 20. HATSHEPSUT First woman pharaoh Ruled with stepson Thutmose III Sole ruler by 1472 BC
  21. 21. GROWTH OF TRADE Hatshepsut uses trade to grow the empire Traded with an African land called Punt Brought herbs, spices, scented wood, live monkeys and trees used to make incense back to Egypt
  22. 22. LEGACY OF HATSHEPSUT Erected many obelisks as an homage to herself Ruled for 15 years Perhaps killed by her stepson
  23. 23. REFORMING PHARAOH: AKHENATON Akhenaton becomes pharaoh in 1353 BC Raises the sun god Aton to be “top god” Priests that served other gods lost power Art during this time become more realistic
  24. 24. REFORM ENDS Tutankhamen becomes pharaoh in 1333 BC His advisers convinced him to worship the old gods
  25. 25. POWERFUL PHARAOH: RAMSES II Ruled for 66 years Expanded empire through war Expanded into Nubia Defeated the Hittites and signed a peace treaty
  26. 26. RAMSES HONORS HIMSELF Built a city called Pi-Ramses At Abu-Simbel, built a temple with two 66-foot statues of himself What was Egypt like during the rule of Ramses?
  27. 27. EGYPT’S DECLINE After death of Ramses, the Egyptian empire weakened Ruled by foreign powers for the next 1,000 years, including Greek rule for 300 years

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