What they do.AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES :NOT AS MUCH FUN AS THEY SOUND                                Why only two?
WHAT DO PARTIES DO?What is the goal of the two major parties?To win electionsRead p. 116 2 nd column: Is this still true?F...
NOMINATING CANDIDATES-- primary responsibility-- presidential nomination is afunction of the parties
INFORMING AND ACTIVATING SUPPORTERS-- campaign for their candidates-- write platformsAre presidential candidates beholden ...
BONDING AGENT-- try to pick good candidates-- try to make victorious candidates govern wellWhy?
GOVERNING-- Congress is organized around party
WATCHDOG-- The party out of power holds the ruling party accountable fortheir actions.Does this function ever work against...
WHY ONLY TWO PARTIES?Historical BasisTraditionElectoral SystemAmerican Ideological Consensus
HISTORICAL BASIS-- no mention of parties in Constitution-- started with two parties (Federalist and Anti -Federalists
ELECTORAL SYSTEM-- winner-take-all elections encourage two, moderate parties-- voters view third parties as a “wasted vote...
IDEOLOGICAL CONSENSUS-- American politics played within the 40 yard lines-- Both parties are moderateHow does the size of ...
MULTI-PARTY SYSTEMS--   Most European democracies are multi -party--   Smaller, more narrow parties--   Provide clear choi...
ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF        MULTI-PART Y SYSTEMADVANTAGES       DISADVANTAGES
PARTY MEMBERSHIP PATTERNS-- Party membership is voluntary-- Parties try to attract as many people as possible-- Factors in...
WHO’S AT THESE PARTIES?Democrats   Republicans
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American political parties

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American political parties

  1. 1. What they do.AMERICAN POLITICAL PARTIES :NOT AS MUCH FUN AS THEY SOUND Why only two?
  2. 2. WHAT DO PARTIES DO?What is the goal of the two major parties?To win electionsRead p. 116 2 nd column: Is this still true?Five Major FunctionsNominate CandidatesInforming SupportersBonding AgentGoverningWatchdog
  3. 3. NOMINATING CANDIDATES-- primary responsibility-- presidential nomination is afunction of the parties
  4. 4. INFORMING AND ACTIVATING SUPPORTERS-- campaign for their candidates-- write platformsAre presidential candidates beholden totheir party platforms?How do parties “inform” the voters?Advertising, buttons, bumper stickers etc.
  5. 5. BONDING AGENT-- try to pick good candidates-- try to make victorious candidates govern wellWhy?
  6. 6. GOVERNING-- Congress is organized around party
  7. 7. WATCHDOG-- The party out of power holds the ruling party accountable fortheir actions.Does this function ever work against the American people?
  8. 8. WHY ONLY TWO PARTIES?Historical BasisTraditionElectoral SystemAmerican Ideological Consensus
  9. 9. HISTORICAL BASIS-- no mention of parties in Constitution-- started with two parties (Federalist and Anti -Federalists
  10. 10. ELECTORAL SYSTEM-- winner-take-all elections encourage two, moderate parties-- voters view third parties as a “wasted vote”-- dif ficult for third party pres candidates to appear on allballots-- Gary Johnson (47 states)
  11. 11. IDEOLOGICAL CONSENSUS-- American politics played within the 40 yard lines-- Both parties are moderateHow does the size of the US impact its politics?What is the fundamental dif ference between the two parties?
  12. 12. MULTI-PARTY SYSTEMS-- Most European democracies are multi -party-- Smaller, more narrow parties-- Provide clear choices-- Parties must form a coalition to govern
  13. 13. ADVANTAGES & DISADVANTAGES OF MULTI-PART Y SYSTEMADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES
  14. 14. PARTY MEMBERSHIP PATTERNS-- Party membership is voluntary-- Parties try to attract as many people as possible-- Factors influencing party membership: Family Economic Status Major Events Age Residence Level of Educationh t t p : / / w w w . s a c b e e . c o m / 2 01 2 / 1 1 / 0 6 / 4 9 6 6 4 31 / 2 01 2 - e l e c t i o n - e x i t - p o l l - s h o w s . h t m l
  15. 15. WHO’S AT THESE PARTIES?Democrats Republicans

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