Learning objects, multimedia, research data, software, special (collections)OpenDoar – of 209 UK repositories; 90+ inc. material other than textual research output
OA research / OER share many similarities (like African and Asian elephants!) Have I missed any?
The IMS Content Packaging specification makes it possible to store chunks of material in a standard format which can be re-used in different systems, without having to convert the material into new formatsSCORM - industry standard for e-learning interoperability;governs how online learning content and Learning Management Systems (LMSs) communicate with each otherCC and RCUK (Finch) – synergy / convergence?
Genomic DNA Sequences from Mastodon and Woolly Mammoth Reveal Deep Speciation of Forest and Savanna Elephants - http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pbio.1000564To elucidate the history of living and extinct elephantids, we generated 39,763 bp of aligned nuclear DNA sequence across 375 loci for African savanna elephant, African forest elephant, Asian elephant, the extinct American mastodon, and the woolly mammoth.Our data establish that the Asian elephant is the closest living relative of the extinct mammoth in the nuclear genome, extending previous findings from mitochondrial DNA analysesWe also find that savanna and forest elephants (African), which some have argued are the same species, are as or more divergent in the nuclear genome as mammoths and Asian elephants, which are considered to be distinct genera, thus resolving a long-standing debate about the appropriate taxonomic classification of the African elephantshttp://www.genome.gov/copyright.cfm
Web 2.0 platforms:Greater convenience / dynamism (real or perceived!)RSS – quick and dirty. Has limitations.Hydra:Aim to enable multi-functional, multi-purpose repository solutionsHydra – one body of content, multiple ‘heads’ for access and management of different content typesEach head allows for a different workflow, but you can also manage multiple content types through the same workflowImportance of user community
Lightboxes for images/websitesEdShare / HumBox particularly successful building user communities aroundrepositoriesKultivate in context of Arts repositories (e.g. UAL)
teaching staff can source their own OER from Jorum, Xpert or other institutional or subject source – reuse and/or repurpose under the terms of Creative Commons and redeposit back into our local repository and thence automatically to Jorum / Xpert / other syndicated OER services (e.g. Learning Registry) via OAI-PMH and / or SWORDParallels (ideal) development of OA research aggregation (CORE)Ubiquitous CC licensing makes it easier
OER for repository managers
OER for research repositories managersOpen Access Research and Open Educational Resources –two very different animals?Nick SheppardRepository Developer,Leeds Metropolitan UniversityUKCoRR (Technical Officer)email@example.comBlogs:http://repositorynews.wordpress.com/http://ukcorr.org/activity/blog/@mrnick@ukcorr
a) Does your Institutional Repository actively manage material other than textual research outputs?b) Does your institution run more than one repository?
The Elephant(s) in the Repository Digital objects Quality assurance Dissemination Discovery (SEO) Preservation Metadata Usage metrics Attribution/citation Copyright/licensing
Difference between African & Asian elephants? Research paper from PLOS Biology: • Genomic DNA Sequences from Mastodon and Woolly Mammoth Reveal Deep Speciation of Forest and Savanna Elephants - http://www.plosbiology.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2 Fjournal.pbio.1000564 OER from Jorum: • DNA Genes and Chromosomes (GENIE CETL – University of Leicester) - http://beta.jorum.ac.uk/resources/18887 • DNA structure and function (University of Bath) - http://beta.jorum.ac.uk/resources/2786 • Molecular Biology (The Saylor Foundation) - http://beta.jorum.ac.uk/resources/18286 • What is the genome made of? (The Open University) - http://beta.jorum.ac.uk/resources/1050
The Leeds Met repository• JISC Repositories Start-up and Enhancement (2007)• Prioritised set of needs• Broad range of material• Commercial solution (intraLibrary)• SCORM / IMS – Adult Learning• Multiple Application Profiles• Flexible organisational structure• Unicycle - phase 1 ukoer project (2009)• “Blended” repository – http://repository.leedsmet.ac.uk/main/index.php• Two publicly accessible collections – Research (OA full text) – OER – Links between collections – ALPS Common Competency Map – Communication
What are others doing? • ukoer - not prescriptive around technology • Licensing (Creative Commons) • Local release and via Jorum • Majority of projects did not use formal repositories • 3rd party web 2.0 style platforms • RSS as bulk upload solution • Other repository solutions – Xpert* – Equella (Oxford Brookes, Coventry, Royal Holloway) – Hydra (Hull and partners – Fedora based) – EdShare (EPrints based) – HumBox (EPrints based)
Do looks matter? • OA research repositories – 80% traffic from Google • People do not typically browse • Are OER repositories different? • Non-textual, often visual • Greater importance of user communities? • Web 2.0 platforms • Jorum • EdShare / HumBox • Kultivate plug-in for EPrints • UAL - http://ualresearchonline.arts.ac.uk/
Closing the institutional ukoer circle Repurpose Relicence Redeposit Leeds Met Repository Open OAI- API PMH• Parallels development of OA research aggregation• CORE (Connecting Repositories) • http://core-project.kmi.open.ac.uk/• Ubiquitous CC licensing makes it easier
Aggregation model Manual form based deposit http://www.resourceshare.ac.uk/ RSS Open APIOAI-PMH SWORD clients OERPubAPI
A New Open Landscape?• Open Access to research• Finch report and role of (institutional) repositories• Research Data Management• Learning objects• Multimedia• Open Educational Resources (OER)• Altmetrics• Open journal publishing• The lines are blurring• Is our software up to the job?