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Act of Parliament 1775 • New England is hereby excluded from the Newfoundland fisheries and prohibited from all trade. • No arms (muskets) or ammunition may be imported by any of the colonies.
Historical Effects• Patrols are getting tighter and it is more and more difficult to sail around the colonies. o Smugglers roll the die o 1-3 Smugglers get through the blockades and gain 30 points o 4-6 Smugglers are caught and lose 30 points.• Marcel Minuet loses business because people are not buying barrels to store their gunpowder - he loses 10 points.• All colonists suffer from a lack of ammunition - lose 15 points.• All Loyalists feel safer now that the Crown is enforcing the laws- the gain 25 points.• Boston Merchants lose business due to the closing of the Newfoundland fisheries - the lose 10 points.
Basic Fact Questions•What did the British army want to seize in Concord?•Who did the British army want to arrest in Lexington?•Which route did the British army take to Concord?•Who hung the lanterns in North Church?•Name one rider (besides Paul Revere) that warned the citizens of the armys approach.
Battle of Lexington Green • Morning of April 19, 1775. British soldiers having marched all night are confronted on Lexington Green by a small militia. • First shots fired of the American Revolution!
Battle of Concord Bridge & RetreatAfter being confronted by a colonial miltia at Concords northbridge, the British army makes the long retreat to Boston.
DebateThe American colonists were justified in firingagainst the British military.
Historical Effects•Revolutionaries, your time has come. All Revolutionaries gain 50 points!•All Loyalists lose 70 points!•Joshua Wilkes defends his Concord farm with honor. He gains 40 points!•War is about to begin! The British prepare for war and order all their horses provided with new saddles and harnesses. William Penn Windom gains 50 points!
Basic Fact Questions - Bunker Hill•Why was the battle called the "Battle of Bunker Hill"?•How many times did the British attempt to take the hill?•What is the most famous quote from this battle?•Who said it?•Why is this a pyrrhic victory?•Name one of the British generals from this battle?
Historical Effects• This is a victory for the British Army. - All Loyalists gain 40 points.• The Revolutionaries kill over a thousand British soldiers. They gain 20 points.• Dr. Warrens Brother (Joseph Warren dies in battle fighting for the colonists) He loses 30 points.• Reginald Marshfields brother-in-law dies fighting in the English Army during the battle. He loses 30 points.• A stray cannonball falls through Daniel Hatfields house, he loses 20 points.• Mercy Lewis Pickney uses the events of the battle as inspiration for her latest play. She earns 20 points.
1 - The battles have inspired men to get their musketsfixed. Business is great for Igmar Elfsborg. He gains 40points!2 - Colonists get their shoes repaired before they join theContinental army. Dirk Vandemeter gains 40 points!3 - General Gage is a family friend of Mrs. Lydia Andrewsand he offers her family protection. She gains 40 points.4 - The Sons of Liberty ask Marcel Minuet to create aspecial barrel with secret drawers. He gains 40 points.5 - British soldiers march through John CalvinKleinschmidts fields, destroying a years harvest. Heloses 40 points.6 - The Continental Army camps in Reginald Marshfieldsfields destroying a years harvest. He loses 40 points.
The Battle of Quebec • American forces led by General Arnold and Montgomery attempt to take over Quebec and get Canada involved in the war. • They are soundly defeated.
Historical Effects - Battle of Quebec•Revolutionaries suffer a defeat - lose 40 points.•Loyalists celebrate the defeat - gain 40 points.•Marcel Minuets cousin dies in the battle, he loses 10 points.•Dirk Vandemeters brother earns honors for bravery. He gains 10 points.
Olive Branch Petition Colonial Congress sends a letter to King George III asking for a peaceful resolution to the problems in the colonies.
Historical Effects - Olive BranchPetition•Loyalist feel hopeful for a peaceful outcome and gain 30 points.•Neutralists gain 20 points for the hope of peace.•Revolutionaries lose 10 points.
Proclamation of Rebellion•King George III declares that the colonies are in open revolt.• Passes even stricter laws on merchants• Hires German mercanaries to fight for the English.
Historical Effects•All Loyalists feel safer now that the King is taking control. They gain 30 points.•Merchants (except for Loyalist Merchants) are having a difficult time working around the new laws. They lose 20 points.• Colonists with German heritage are being discriminated against in reaction to the German mercenaires. They lose 10 points.
Continental Army chooses a General• Virginia Gentlemen, George Washington is appointed General of the Continental army.• He brings order to the undisciplined army and forces the British out of Boston on March 17, 1776.
Historical Effects- British out of Boston•Boston Port is open! All Boston colonists earn 30 points!•Revolutionaries earn 40 points.•Hearing the news, Cornelius Van Renslaars family is fearful of the Continental Army. They flee for Canada leaving CVR behind in New York. He loses 20 points.• Southern colonists (non loyalists) are proud of their son of the south, George Washington. They gain 10 points.• Washington does not allow African Americans in the Continental Army- Joshua Wilkes loses 20 points.
Common Sense •Thomas Paine writes an inspirational pamphlet entitled Common Sense. • The pamphlet asks for colonists to declare independence from Great Britain.
Key Ideas of Common Sense •Society (the people) is good, government is bad ( but needed to control our worst impulses ) •Only purpose of government should be to protect life, liberty, property....If a particular government isnt doing it, one should get rid of it. • King (and Parliament) isnt protecting our rights, but using us. • Colonies no longer need English "help" or "protection"-theyd be better off and better respected on our own. • Colonies should declare full independence from England
Historical Effects•Common Sense sells over 100,000 copies. Samuel Henry earns 15 points for helping to publish it.• The Revolutionary cause gains a voice. All Revolutionaries gain 30 points.
1- British troops capture 15 members of the Sons ofLiberty - All Revolutionaries lose 30 points.2 - George Washingtons forces capture 15 Britishsoldiers holding secret messages - All Loyalists lose 30points.3 - Heavy patrols make communication and movementdifficult in the colonies. All colonists lose 20 points.4 - British warships capture a Spanish ship filled withvaluables. They trade these goods with colonialmerchants. All merchants (Loyal to the crown) gain 20points.5 - King George sends special soldiers to guard thehouses of people Loyal to England. All Loyalists gain 30points.6 - The Daughters of Liberty create a secret code andstitch it into all embroidery. They are able to sendmessages throughout the colonies. Revolutionaries gain
The Second Continental Congress hasmade a controversial proposal.They wish to break away from GreatBritain and become an IndependentCountry.Your next job is to decide how to vote.But first, let us hear from somerepresentatives....