Road To Revolution 2010


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Use this powerpoint to update your character's scorecard. Do not update the random chance, you must be in class for that.

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Road To Revolution 2010

  1. 1. The Road to Revolution
  2. 2. <ul><li>“ The Revolution was effected before the War commenced. The Revolution was in the minds and hearts of the people; a change in their religious sentiments of their duties and obligations. This radical change in the principles, opinions, sentiments, and affections of the people, was the real American Revolution.”- John Adams </li></ul>
  3. 3. Goals for the Simulation <ul><li>To understand the motivations behind the American Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>To understand different points of view of the same events. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Goals of the Game <ul><li>To earn as many power points as possible </li></ul><ul><li>To join a side at the Second Continental Congress (July 2, 1776) </li></ul><ul><li>The team with the most combined points wins the game! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ways to Earn Power Points <ul><li>Through historical events </li></ul><ul><li>Answering Questions in class </li></ul><ul><li>Fate and Random Chance </li></ul><ul><li>Weekly Quizzes </li></ul><ul><li>Propaganda Assignments </li></ul><ul><li>Impressing the Teacher with knowledge. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Individual Score Sheet <ul><li>First, fill out your name, allegiance, your character name, and your location. </li></ul><ul><li>Your location is where your character lives, and your allegiance is “Revolutionary”, “Loyalist”, or “Neutral.” </li></ul>
  7. 7. Starting Point Values <ul><li>The year is 1750 </li></ul><ul><li>All Revolutionaries and Loyalists start with 40 points. </li></ul><ul><li>All Gentry add an additional 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>All Merchants gain an additional 10 points </li></ul><ul><li>All Trades people gain an additional 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>All Farmers gain an additional 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>Enter your starting point value on your Score Sheet, on the first line. The comment is, “Starting Points”. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Topic #1: The Rights of British Colonists
  9. 9. <ul><li>Colonists in America saw themselves as British citizens. They expected the same rights as people living in England. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists felt PROUD to be British. The Revolution to come was completely UNEXPECTED. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Basic Facts Questions <ul><li>What was the first document that limited the monarch’s power in England? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the name of the British law-making group? </li></ul><ul><li>What is one right that was protected by the English Bill of Rights? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a charter? </li></ul><ul><li>The colonies were generally self-governing, but some people were left out. Name three groups who were left out. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Questions for Debate <ul><li>Open to all colonists. Which right do you think is more important, the right to free speech or the right to elect the people who make laws? </li></ul><ul><li>Open to all colonists. If you were accused of a crime, who would you rather decide if you were guilty or innocent, a government judge or a jury of people from your town? Keep in mind that people who actually know you would not be allowed to be on the jury. </li></ul><ul><li>Only for Loyalists or Neutralists. Why is it better to be part of a big, powerful empire, even if you give up some of your freedom to make decisions? </li></ul><ul><li>Only for Patriots or Neutralists. Why is it better to be independent, even if you give up some power? </li></ul>
  12. 12. H istorical Effects <ul><li>In Colonial America in the 1750’s, it was GOOD to be connected to England because this gave you status. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists with an English background gain 5 points . The year is 1752 and the comment is “Ties to England”. </li></ul><ul><li>For obvious reasons, it was also good to own land. Colonists who own land gain 5 points . Landowners include plantation owners and farmers. The date is 1752 and the comment is “Landowner”. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Random Chance Event
  14. 14. Random Chance Event <ul><li>By the 1750’s, the American colonies were bursting with growth. In just a century, the population had grown from just 50,000 to more than a million people. Of all of the reasons why people came to the colonies, economic opportunity became the most important. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists became prosperous through owning land, farming, buying and selling raw materials, and skilled trades such as carpentry or shipbuilding. The roll of the dice will determine whether your character is particularly successful. </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- Plantation owners gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- Farmers gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- Rice, indigo, and tea merchants or traders gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- Skilled tradesmen gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- Educated colonists such as professors, doctors, lawyers, and government officials, , gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- The British still look down on the colonists socially. All colonists lose 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1755 and the comment is “Economic Opportunity” or “Looked down upon by the British”. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Topic #2: The French and Indian War
  16. 16. <ul><li>From 1754 to 1763, Britain and its American colonies fought France and their Indian allies over the land of the fertile Ohio River Valley. </li></ul><ul><li>The French and Indian War left Britain with huge debts and a vast new area of land to protect. To help to pay the debt, the British government passed new laws and tightened its control of the colonies. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Basic Facts Questions <ul><li>What land did England win? </li></ul><ul><li>What other European country besides France and England were involved in the war? </li></ul><ul><li>Where was the last major battle of the war? </li></ul>
  18. 18. Questions for Debate <ul><li>Open to all. Who should be responsible for paying the £3,000,000 war debt, the English government or the colonists? </li></ul>
  19. 19. H istorical Events <ul><li>The British victory makes Loyalists feel proud. Those folks gain 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists who fought with the British earn special respect from their peers. All French and Indian War veterans gain 5 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists of French heritage face prejudice. Those folks lose 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1763 and the comment is “The British win the French and Indian War”. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Random Chance Event
  21. 21. Random Chance Event <ul><li>Fires were very common in colonial cities. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- Boston residents lose homes to fire. All lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- New York residents lose homes to fire. All lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- Philly residents lose homes to fire. All lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- Charleston residents lose homes to fire. All lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- Ben Franklin founds first fire department. All Philly residents gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- Ben actually stole this idea from his friend. Samuel Henry gains 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1763 and the comment is “Fire” or “Fire-Prevention”. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Topic #3: The Proclamation of 1763
  23. 23. Why the Proclamation of 1763? <ul><li>After the French & Indian war, the British government was broke. Many Americans colonists were thrilled to have a huge new area of land to settle. They started moving west of the crowded 13 colonies, but Britain felt that she couldn’t afford to protect settlers on the frontier from Indian attacks. The Proclamation of 1763 prevented colonists from moving west. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>What natural feature served as the Proclamation Line of 1763? </li></ul><ul><li>What war lead colonists to be worried about their protection west of the Appalachians? </li></ul>
  25. 25. Debate Questions <ul><li>State your name and allegiance first, before you answer the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Open to all. Even though the Proclamation Line of 1763 restricts our right to move west, it is still a fair law because it protects our citizens from harm. </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Farmers can’t move west. This hurts all farmers, and those who hope to move west. These folks lose 50 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionaries resent this new law from the British. All Revolutionaries lose 25 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists who fear Indian attacks ( James MacAlister) feel safer. These folks gain 40 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalists support British laws. These folks gain 10 points . </li></ul>Effects on the Colonists
  27. 27. Random Chance Event <ul><li>Natural disasters could ruin the prospects of colonists who lived in the countryside (in rural areas). The roll of the dice will determine: </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- Locusts attack crops in rural South Carolina. All colonists who live there lose 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- A late freeze in rural Massachusetts destroys the corn crop. All colonists who live there lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- Lack of rain causes a drought in rural Pennsylvania that limits the wheat crop. All colonists who live there lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- Flooding from the Hudson River sweeps away apple tree seedlings in rural New York. All colonists who live there lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- A cold winter and abundant rainfall in the spring improves the harvest everywhere. All rural dwellers gain 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- Butter on bread becomes trendy and all dairy farmers gain 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1763 and the comment is “Weather and Farming”. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Topic #4: British Trade Laws <ul><li>The Sugar Act of 1764 puts a tariff (a trade tax) on sugar, coffee, indigo, and molasses. </li></ul><ul><li>This makes money for the British. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonial merchants lose business. </li></ul><ul><li>Smugglers increase their profits because more colonists want their smuggled goods. </li></ul>
  29. 29. <ul><li>The first way the British government tried to gain money to repay the war debt was by enforcing trade laws in the colonies. </li></ul><ul><li>Britain forced colonies to mainly trade with Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Parliament passed a new tariff that required colonists to pay taxes on imported goods such as sugar, molasses, and tea. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>Under mercantilism, why do European countries want colonies in America? </li></ul><ul><li>What is “free enterprise”? </li></ul><ul><li>After 100 years of “Happy Neglect,” why did the British start controlling British Trade? </li></ul>
  31. 31. Questions for Debate <ul><li>For hundreds of years, the colonies have not had to pay taxes. It is time that they be held accountable and the Sugar Act does just that. </li></ul>
  32. 32. <ul><li>British trade laws, such as the Sugar Act, hurt all , plantation owners, merchants, tradesmen. These folks lose 25 points . </li></ul><ul><li>British trade laws help all government officials, tax collectors, and smugglers. These folks gain 20 Points . </li></ul><ul><li>All colonists eat less sugar, so they’re in better health and visit their doctors less. Dr. James Earl Warren loses 5 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1764 and the comment is “British Trade Laws” </li></ul>H istoric Effects
  33. 33. Random Chance Event <ul><li>There aren’t enough British officials in the colonies to enforce the trade laws in all of the regions at once. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- Southern colonists pay tariffs. All lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- Middle colonists pay tariffs. All lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- New England colonists pay tariffs. All lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- Southern colonists avoid tariffs. All gain 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- Middle colonists avoid tariffs. All gain 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- New England colonists avoid tariffs. All gain 5 points . </li></ul>
  34. 34. Topic #5: Taxation The Stamp Act of 1765
  35. 35. What was the Stamp Act? <ul><li>The second way the British government tried to gain money to repay the war debt was by passing new tax laws in the colonies, such as the Stamp Act. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists were not against all taxes. They were willing to pay taxes passed by their own colonial assemblies. </li></ul><ul><li>Many colonists, however, felt that the British Parliament had no right to tax the goods taxed by the Stamp Act. </li></ul>
  36. 36. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>What is the name of the British government official who is the head of Parliament? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the main job of British Parliament? </li></ul><ul><li>Name three items that were taxed under the Stamp Act. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the year that Stamp Act was passed? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the difference between an internal tax and an external tax? </li></ul>
  37. 37. Questions for Debate <ul><li>State your name and allegiance first, before you answer the question. </li></ul><ul><li>Why do governments need to collect taxes from citizens? </li></ul>
  38. 38. <ul><li>The Stamp Act hurts all merchants, tradesmen, and city residents. These folks lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The Stamp Act helps all government officials and tax collectors, plus all Loyalists support helping to pay off the war debt. These folks gain 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The Stamp Act hurts educated people who read the newspaper such as doctors and lawyers. If you went to a college or university lose 5 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The silversmith David Rosenbloom is hired to engrave the British stamp design. He gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Marcel Minuet wins grand prize at a local horse race. He gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1765 and the comment is “Stamp Act” </li></ul>
  39. 39. Random Chance <ul><li>The Stamp Act caused mass protests across the colonies. Some of these protests resulted in mobs. It was very unsafe to be in many cities. </li></ul><ul><li>1- Citizens of Boston are attacked by mobs lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>2 - Citizens of New York City are attacked by mobs lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3- Citizens of Philadelphia are attacked by mobs, lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4 - Citizens of Charles Town are attacked by mobs lose 10 points </li></ul><ul><li>5- Tax Collectors are targeted by mobs, lose 15 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Business is good for Tax Collectors gain 15 points . </li></ul>
  40. 40. Topic #6: Colonial Protests <ul><li>The Sons of Liberty organize protests against British tax laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Some protests turn violent and destroy private property. </li></ul><ul><li>Mobs terrorize tax collectors and government officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Many colonists boycott British goods and shops that sell British goods. </li></ul><ul><li>Nine colonies send representatives to the Stamp Act Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>Patriots form Committees of Correspondence. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>Which British Law caused the most protests during this time? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a boycott? </li></ul><ul><li>In what ways did the protests become violent? </li></ul><ul><li>Who were the targets of some of these violent protests? </li></ul>
  42. 42. Debate Questions <ul><li>Do the colonists have a right to violently protest these tax laws? </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>In general, colonial protests hurt Loyalists and people who see both sides of the argument (Neutralists). These folks lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Boycotts hurt all merchants and tradesmen. These folks lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful gatherings of colonists, around a common cause, help the Revolutionaries to spread their opinions. All Patriots gain 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Wigs are needed for the effigies of stamp collectors that are hung in front of Patriot homes. The wigmaker Daniel Hatfield gains 5 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Tax collectors are major targets of mob behavior. The lose 15 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1767, the comment is “protests.” </li></ul>
  44. 44. Boycott! <ul><li>Role the die to see which tradesmen’s store is boycotted. Roll the die a second time to determine which faction is boycotting the store. </li></ul><ul><li>First Role: Second Roll: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1- Daniel Hatfield 1-3 Loyalist boycott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2- Ingmar Elfsborg 4-6 Revolutionary boycott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3- Dirk Vandermeter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4- William Penn Windom If your store is boycotted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5- David Rosenbloom Lose 40 points! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6- Marcel Minuet </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Random Chance Event
  46. 46. <ul><li>Colonists in rural areas (living outside of cities) aren’t as worried about taxes and trade laws, but they do face other challenges. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- A malaria epidemic hits the swampy Southern colonies. All southerners outside of Charleston lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- A trading ship carrying wheat from New York is sunk by Spanish pirates. All New Yorkers outside of NYC lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- A swarm of insects attacks the crops in Pennsylvania. All Pennsylvanians outside of Philly lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- A brutally cold winter hits New England and kills many of the crops. All New Englanders outside of Boston lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- A drought hits the East Coast of North America. ALL rural colonists lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- Abundant rainfall hits the East Coast of North America. ALL rural colonists gain 10 points . </li></ul>
  47. 47. Boston Occupied!
  48. 48. The Quartering Act & British Soldiers <ul><li>In 1768, 4000 British troops are sent to Boston to subdue the colonial protests. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists have to feed and house the soldiers, and the presence of redcoats causes tension in Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1770, fights were breaking out between Revolutionaries and British soldiers at pubs and public gathering spots. Much of the unrest is fueled by Sam Adams and the Sons of Liberty. </li></ul>
  49. 49. Boston Occupied <ul><li>Troopships have their gun ports open and aimed at the town - ready to fire </li></ul><ul><li>The troops march off the ship, up King Street, Salute the Governor and pitch camp on Boston Common </li></ul><ul><li>These are professional soldiers - regulars in the British Army - well-dressed, drums playing, marching in step, 1000 troops </li></ul><ul><li>People of Boston appalled at the image of foreign troops, made all of their fears seem real </li></ul>
  50. 50. <ul><li>The presence of British makes loyalists feel safe. All Loyalists gain 25 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The soldiers keep mobs from forming, Revolutionaries lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers that are good at making homespun items are able to sell their items due to the demand. Farmers gain 5 points. </li></ul><ul><li>1767 - comment “ British Troops in Boston” </li></ul>
  51. 51. Random Chance Event!
  52. 52. <ul><li>British soldiers are living in Boston houses. Some people may need to quarter them. </li></ul><ul><li>1 - Soldiers order more food from Joshua Wilke’s farm.They pay him well.- he gains 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2 - Soldiers move into Daniel Hatfield’s house. He needs to feed them.- lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>3- Soldiers move into Samuel Henry’s house. They suspect he is a Revolutionary and search the house for documents. - lose 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4-Soldiers move into Oliver Otis’s house. They protect him from angry mobs.- gain 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>5- Soldiers move into Hortatio Hutchinson’s house. They protect his house from angry mobs- g ain 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6- Soldiers move into Sir Arthur Adam’s house. They protect his house from angry mobs - gain 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1767, the comment is “Quartering Act” </li></ul>Random Chance
  53. 53. Boston Massacre
  54. 54. Soldiers are UNPOPULAR <ul><li>Spat on in the street by young Bostonians </li></ul><ul><li>They’re taking local jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Scuffles, fights in taverns and in homes </li></ul><ul><li>Arguing gets worse and worse until… </li></ul>
  55. 55. 5 March 1770 <ul><li>A guard on duty at the Customs House is taunted by Bostonians throwing snowballs (with hard clamshells inside) </li></ul><ul><li>The Guard calls out for support of other British soldiers, American mob forms </li></ul><ul><li>Captain Preston lines them up in front of State House, muskets ready… </li></ul>
  56. 57. The Boston Massacre 1770 <ul><li>Five colonists are killed when panicked British soldiers fire upon a crowd of colonists in Boston. </li></ul><ul><li>News of this event is spread throughout the colonies, and even to Europe. </li></ul>
  57. 58. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>Who was the Captain of the British soldiers? </li></ul><ul><li>How many people died during the massacre? </li></ul><ul><li>Who is the most famous “victim” of the Boston Massacre? </li></ul>
  58. 60. Questions for Debate <ul><li>Is it wrong to exaggerate the truth in order to be more persuasive? </li></ul>
  59. 61. <ul><li>The Massacre actually helps the Revolutionaries, because it is used as propaganda. All patriots gain 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Henry’s paper sells out in one day - gain 10 points </li></ul><ul><li>Loyalists in New England face hostility. All Massachusetts Loyalists lose 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Crispus Attucks, an African American sailor who is the first to die in the Massacre, is hailed as a Patriot hero. His cousin, Joshua Wilkes, gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>A Revolutionary mob, when they hear of the Massacre, storms the estate of Sir Arthur Adams and burns down his barns. They do this because Adams has a British flag flying at his estate. He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1770, the comment is “the Boston Massacre.” </li></ul>
  60. 62. Boycott! <ul><li>Role the die to see which tradesmen’s store is boycotted. Roll the die a second time to determine which faction is boycotting the store. </li></ul><ul><li>First Role: Second Roll: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1- Daniel Hatfield 1-3 Loyalist boycott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2- Ingmar Elfsborg 4-6 Revolutionary boycott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3- Dirk Vandermeter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4- William Penn Windom If your store is boycotted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5- David Rosenbloom Lose 40 points! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>6- Samuel Sheffield </li></ul></ul>
  61. 63. Random Chance Event!
  62. 64. <ul><li>Some colonists struggle during these difficult times, and some folks manage to prosper from the misfortunes of others. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1, 2 -- The price of indigo rises in Europe. All residents of South Carolina gain ten points. </li></ul><ul><li>3, 4 -- Due to the boycotts of British goods, farming and trade increase in the Middle colonies. All residents of New York and Pennsylvania gain ten points . </li></ul><ul><li>5, 6 -- New England receives secret aid from the French. All Massachusetts residents gain ten points . </li></ul>
  63. 65. Sam Adams is Thrilled… <ul><li>He rushes a newspaper ( Journal of Occurrences ) into print to describe all the (real or unreal) incidents of the “occupation” </li></ul><ul><li>He sends the journal to the other colonies, as a message: “Boston is on the frontier of Liberty! This could happen to you next!” </li></ul>
  64. 66. Committees of Correspondence <ul><li>Patriot Sam Adams helped Boston and 80 other Massachusetts towns organize the Committees of Correspondence, to spread that word of new British crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1774, an intercolonial information network united most of the colonies. </li></ul>
  65. 67. <ul><li>The Patriot cause is gaining supporters. ALL Neutralists and Loyalists lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Henry prints the letters. He gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The date is 1773 and the comment is “Committees of Correspondence”. </li></ul>H istorical Effects
  66. 68. Random Chance Event!
  67. 69. <ul><li>In 1773, many more colonists have joined the Patriot cause, but there are still a good number of Loyalists and Neutralists. Colonists who have chosen a side have more to lose OR to gain as tensions rise. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1,2 -- Committee letters are intercepted by the British. All Patriots lose 30 points and all Loyalists gain 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3,4 -- Committee letters are published in many newspapers and help to spread the Patriot point of view. All Patriots gain 20 and all Loyalists lose 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- Smuggler Daniel Marlborough is caught with a mailbag of Committee letters. He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- Horatio Hutchinson intercepts committee letters and turns them into authorities. He gains 30 points . </li></ul>
  68. 70. The Boston Tea Party 1773 <ul><li>The Tea Act forces colonists to buy their tea from the British East India Company, but the tax on tea is reduced, so the price of tea is actually very low. It’s cheaper than smuggled Dutch tea! </li></ul><ul><li>The Sons of Liberty don’t want British tea unloaded from the boats docked in Boston Harbor. They dress as Mohawk Indians and dump 342 chests of tea into the harbor. </li></ul>
  69. 71. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>What was the name of the tea company? </li></ul><ul><li>What act were the Bostonians protesting? </li></ul><ul><li>Describe protests to the tea act in either Charles Town, New York, or Philadelphia. </li></ul><ul><li>What was the exact date of the Tea Party? </li></ul><ul><li>What is it called when one company has the exclusive right to sell a certain product? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the name of the shoemaker quoted in one text books? (5 points). </li></ul>
  70. 72. Debate Questions <ul><li>Should a government be able to show favoritism to one company? </li></ul><ul><li>Should the people of Boston be forced to pay for the damage? </li></ul>
  71. 73. <ul><li>News of the event spreads throughout the colonies and helps to convert people to the Revolutionary cause. All Revolutionaries gain 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The Sons of Liberty in Boston earn publicity and respect. All Revolutionaries in Boston gain ANOTHER five points . </li></ul><ul><li>Smuggler Daniel Marlborough helps to provide colonists with smuggled Dutch tea. He gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Horatio Hutchinson’s ship is one of the victims of the raid; he loses £500,000 worth of tea. Hutchinson loses 100 points ! </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1773, the comment is “The Boston Tea Party” </li></ul>
  72. 74. Random Chance
  73. 75. <ul><li>1- William Penn Windom is suspected of being a Revolutionary. Loyalists boycott his store - He loses 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Daniel Hatfield is suspected of being a Loyalists. Revolutionaries boycott his store- He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3- Dirk Vandemeter is suspected of being a Revolutionary. Loyalists boycott his store.- He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>4- Ingmar Elfsborg is suspected of being a. Loyalist. Revolutionaries boycott his store. He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5- Horatio Hutchinson successfully completes an insurance claim on his tea shipment. - He gains 50 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6- Ingmar Elfsborg is suspected of being a Revolutionary. Loyalists boycott his store.- He loses 30 points . </li></ul>
  74. 76. The Intolerable Acts 1774 <ul><li>Britain responds to the Tea Party with anger! </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Harbor is closed. Massachusetts’ colonial assembly is canceled and British General Gage is given control of the colony. More troops are sent to America and a stronger </li></ul>
  75. 77. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>What is a blockade? </li></ul><ul><li>What was a colonial assembly? </li></ul><ul><li>What did they call the Intolerable Acts in Britain? </li></ul><ul><li>What were three actions of the Intolerable Acts? </li></ul>
  76. 78. Debate Questions <ul><li>Are the Intolerable Acts an overly harsh punishment for the colonies? </li></ul>
  77. 79. <ul><li>The Intolerable Acts punish everyone in the colonies, but are especially hard for Boston and Massachusetts residents. Boston residents lose 30 points . All other Massachusetts residents lose 20 points . All other colonists lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>These acts significantly hurt trade. All merchants lose 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>These acts give Loyalists a sense of security. All Loyalists gain 50 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Business is great for Smugglers. They gain 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The date is “1774”and the comment is “Intolerable Acts”. </li></ul>
  78. 80. Random Chance Event!
  79. 81. <ul><li>The Intolerable Acts are worse for some colonists than for others. The dice roll will determine the following: </li></ul><ul><li>1 -- Tradesmen who are not in a farm-related trade lose lucrative business with neighboring colonies. Cooper William Penn Windom, wigmaker -Daniel Hatfield, Printer Samuel Henry, and Silversmith David Rosenbloom lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>2 -- Pennsylvania residents are especially well- equiped to help Massachusetts. All Pennsylvania residents gain 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3 -- Educated folks organize a network of food and supply shipments to help besieged Boston and Massachusetts. Physician James Earle Warren and Lawyer Patrick Adams gain 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>4 -- The Southern colonies aren’t as impacted by the Intolerable Acts. All residents of South Carolina gain 5 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5 -- The ship carrying the Intolerable Acts orders sinks on its way from London to the colonies. Everyone gains 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6 -- Favorable winds bring the ship carrying the Intolerable Acts orders to the colonies sooner than expected. Everyone loses 10 points . </li></ul>
  80. 82. Acts of Parliament-1775 <ul><li>New England is hereby excluded from the Newfoundland fisheries and prohibited from all trade. </li></ul><ul><li>No arms or ammunition may be imported by any of the colonies. </li></ul>
  81. 83. H istorical Effects <ul><li>Patrols are getting tighter and it is more and more difficult to sail around the colonies. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smugglers role the die: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1-3 Smugglers get through the blockades and earn 30 points. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4-6 Smugglers are caught and lose 30 points . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>William Penn Windom loses business because people are not buying barrels to store their gunpowder.- he loses 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>All colonists suffer from lack of ammunition - lose 15 points . </li></ul><ul><li>All Loyalists feel safer now that the crown is enforcing the laws. They gain 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The year is “1775”, the comment is “Acts of Parliament” </li></ul>
  82. 84. April 18, 1775- Part 1
  83. 85. April 18,1775 - Part 2
  84. 86. April 18,1775 - Part 3
  85. 87. The Ride of Paul Revere
  86. 88. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>What did the British army want to seize in Concord? </li></ul><ul><li>Who did the British army want to arrest in Lexington? </li></ul><ul><li>Which route did the British army take to Concord? </li></ul><ul><li>Who hung the lanterns in North Church? </li></ul><ul><li>Name one rider (besides Paul Revere) that warned the citizens of the army’s approach. </li></ul>
  87. 89. Battle of Lexington Green <ul><li>Morning of April 19,1775. British soldiers, having marched all night, are confronted on Lexington Green by a small militia. </li></ul><ul><li>First shots fired of the American Revolution. </li></ul>
  88. 90. Battle of Concord Bridge & Retreat <ul><li>After being confronted by a colonial militia at Concord’s North bridge, the British army makes the long retreat back to Boston. </li></ul>
  89. 91. Question for Debate <ul><li>Were the colonists justified in firing against the British military? </li></ul>
  90. 92. <ul><li>Revolutionaries - your time has come! All Revolutionaries gain 50 points . </li></ul><ul><li>All Loyalists lose 25 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Hatfield’s brother is killed during this day. He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Joshua Wilkes defends his Concord farm with honor. He gains 40 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The year is “1775” the comment is “Battle of Lexington and Concord” </li></ul>
  91. 93. Battle of Bunker Hill <ul><li>June 17,1775- colonial forces defend breeds hill in Boston against a British assault. </li></ul><ul><li>The British army successfully takes the hill but only after 2,226 soldiers die. </li></ul><ul><li>The colonists only lose 140 men. </li></ul>
  92. 94. Basic Fact Questions <ul><li>Why was the battle called the “Battle of Bunker hill”? </li></ul><ul><li>How many times did the British attempt to take the hill? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the famous quote from this battle? </li></ul><ul><li>Who said it? </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this a pyrrhic victory? </li></ul>
  93. 95. H istorical Effects <ul><li>This is a victory for the British Army- All Loyalists gain 40 points ! </li></ul><ul><li>The Revolutionaries kill over a thousand British soldiers. Revolutionaries gain 20 points! </li></ul><ul><li>Reginald Marshfield’s brother in law dies during the battle. He loses 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>A stray cannonball falls through Samuel Henry’s roof - He loses 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1775, the comment is “Battle of Bunker Hill” </li></ul>
  94. 96. Random Chance Event
  95. 97. <ul><li>1- The battles have inspired men to get their muskets fixed. Business is great for Igmar Elfsborg. He gains 40 points. </li></ul><ul><li>2- Colonists get their shoes repaired before they join the Continental army. Dirk Vandemeter gains 40 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3-General Gage is a family friend of Mrs. Lydia Andrews he offers her family protection. Mrs. Andrews gains 40 points. </li></ul><ul><li>4-The Sons of Liberty ask William Penn Windom to create a special barrel with secret drawers. He gains 40 points. </li></ul><ul><li>5- British soldiers march through John Calvin Kleinschmidt’s fields, destroying a year’s harvest. He loses 40 points . </li></ul><ul><li>6- The Continental Army camps in Reginald Marshfield’s fields destroying a year’s harvest. He loses 40 points . </li></ul>
  96. 98. Olive Branch Petition <ul><li>Colonial Congress sends a letter to King George III asking for a peaceful resolution to the problems in the colonies. </li></ul>
  97. 99. H istorical Effects <ul><li>Loyalists feel hopeful for a peaceful outcome. All Loyalists gain 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Neutralist gain 20 points </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionaires lose 10 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The year is “1775” the comment is “Olive Branch Petition” </li></ul>
  98. 100. Proclamation of Rebellion <ul><li>King George III declares that the colonies are in open revolt. </li></ul><ul><li>Passes even stricter laws on merchants. </li></ul><ul><li>Hires German mercenaries to fight to fight for the English. </li></ul>
  99. 101. H istorical Effects <ul><li>All Loyalists feel safer now that King is taking control. Loyalists gain 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Merchants are having a difficult time working around the new laws. All merchants lose 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists with German heritage are being discriminated against in reaction to the German mercenaries. They lose 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1775, the comment is “Proclamation of Rebellion” </li></ul>
  100. 102. Continental Army chooses a General <ul><li>Virginia Gentlemen, George Washington is appointed General of the Continental army. </li></ul><ul><li>He brings order to the undisciplined army and forces the British out of Boston on March 17,1776 </li></ul>
  101. 103. H istorical Effects <ul><li>Boston Port is open! All Boston colonists earn 30 points . All Massachusetts colonists earn 10 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Revolutionaries earn 20 points. </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1776, the comment is “Washington forces the British out of Boston.” </li></ul>
  102. 104. Common Sense Published <ul><li>Thomas Paine writes an inspirational pamphlet entitled Common Sense. </li></ul><ul><li>The pamphlet asks for colonists to declare independence from Great Britain </li></ul><ul><li>The pamphlet sells over 100,000 copies. </li></ul>
  103. 105. H istorical Effects <ul><li>The Revolutionaries cause gains a voice. All Revolutionaries gain 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel Henry earns and additional 5 points for helping to print the pamphlet. </li></ul><ul><li>The year is 1776, the comment is “Common Sense” </li></ul>
  104. 106. Random Chance <ul><li>1- British troops capture 15 members of the Sons of Liberty - All Revolutionaries lose 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>2- George Washington’s forces capture 15 British soldiers holding secret messages. -All Loyalists lose 30 points . </li></ul><ul><li>3- Heavy patrols make communication and movement difficult in the colonies. All colonists lose 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>4-British warships capture a Spanish ship filled with valuables. They trade it with colonial merchants. All merchants get 20 points . </li></ul><ul><li>5- King George sends special soldiers to guard the houses of people loyal to the England. All loyalists gain 30 points. </li></ul><ul><li>6- The Daughters of Liberty create a secret code and stitch into all embroidery. They are able to send messages throughout the colonies. All Revolutionaries gain 30 points . </li></ul>
  105. 107. Prepare for the Second Continental Congress