4. Among the pioneers of human
knowledge Aristotle was undoubtedly, the
greatest . His philosophy included almost all
sciences and humanities such as logic ,
mathematics , physics , biology and psychology
,metaphysics and ethics , politics and aesthetics
.His range was encyclopedic , orginal as well as
creative .His influence in philosophy surpassed
even that of his master Plato . His position in
the history of philosophy is unique . Aristotle
was undoubtedly ‘‘Master of those who know’’.
5. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH
•Born in BC 384 in Stagira.
•Joined the famous ‘ACADEMY’ of the greatest
philosopher Plato at the age of 17 year.
• In BC 347 left ACADEMY.
•In BC 342 became the tutor of Alexander the
•In BC 335 ESTABLISHED ‘LYCEUM’.
•Died in BC 322 in Euboea.
6. STYLE AND METHOD
The methods used by Aristotle for his investigations was
Aristotle was Analytical and Logical in his treatment of
Aristotle was Practical and Realist .
9. AIM OF EDUCATION
•“The aim of education was not only the attainment of
knowledge but also the attainment of happiness or
goodness in life’’
•“The aim of education was the welfare of the individual.
so as to bring happiness in their lives’’.
•Education is essential for the complete realization of
10. ARISTOTLE’S SCHEME OF EDUCATION
1: The early education is the responsibility of parents .
2:Further education is the responsibility of the state.
3: At the same time parents are responsible for the
11. ARISTOTLE’S CURRICULUM
GYMNASTICS : To develop sportsman spirit and to develop good habits for
the control of passions and appetites.
Music and Literature for the moral and intellectual
Recommends Mathematics for higher education.
12. ARISTOTLE’S THEORY OF EDUCATION
Aristotle agrees with Plato on the division of Greek
education into stages corresponding with level and years
of schooling . He disapproves with Plato’s communism in
education . Inthe communism system every individual is
moulded in a single pattern . Aristotle is of the opinion
that any individual in the state , should be given
opportunity to develop his talents to the full , without
any impediment to his progress without censorship on
the type of books he reads or the opinion he holds.
Aristotle believed that since state is a organic unit and
since the state is to be ruled by men who have been
brought , through education toa vision of the true form
of highest goodness.
13. ARISTOTLE’S METHOD OF TEACHING
two types of method
14. QUOTES BY ARISTOTLE ON EDUCATION
“All men by
knowledge’.’ ‘’The educated
differ from the
much as the living
from the dead.’’
is the best
“The roots of
“The one exclusive
sign of thorough
knowledge is the
15. ARISTOTLE AND DISCIPLINE
We are the some of our actions , Aristotle
tell us , and therefore our habits make all
Definition : “Through discipline
16. ARISTOTLE’S VIEW ON WOMEN
Aristotle ‘s views on women influenced
later western thinkers . He saw women
as subject to men , but as higher than
slaves . In chapter 12 of his POLITICS
he writes “The slave is wholly lacking
the deliberative element ; the female
has it but it lacks authority ; the child
has it but it is incomplete.’’
18. In the first principle
Aristotle believed that
each piece of matter has
Universal and particular
19. In the second principle he believed the
forms of things , the Universal properties
of objects remain constant and never
change , but the particular components
do change .
20. In the third principle he believed
that designand order are present
in the Universe and all things
happen in an orderly fashion.
21. In the fourth principle he believed
there are three aspects of the soul
called vegetative , animative and
22. In the fifth rule he didn’t separates
matter from its Universal being.
23. In the sixth principle is Aristotle’s
belief is that matter is always in
process and moving to some ends.