Image from : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Hula0080200.jpg
Music clip: http://www.hawaiianmusicstore.com/mp3/32301.mp3 Image: http://starbulletin.com/2007/04/15/news/art5cx.jpg
Image from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ukulele1.png Music clip from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Ukelele_-_Kailimai%27s_hene_-_Ukepedia.ogg
Hawaiian hula 1
Hula Kahiko & Auana:
What is hula dancing?• A form of dance developed in the Hawaiian islands, accompanied by song or chant• The movements of the body and hands translate or reflect the meaning of the song• There are two main categories of hula dancing: Kahiko and Auana
History of Hula• Some legends say that Laka, goddess of the hula, gave birth to the dance on the island of Moloka‘i.• In the early 1800s, American Protestant missionaries banned the hula as a heathen dance.
History of Hula, cont.•In the late 1800s, KingDavid Kalakaua boughtback the traditional arts ofHawaii.•Today, Hawaii holdsannual hula competitionsand festivals to preserveand celebrate Hawaiianculture and dance. Themost distinguished is theMerrie Monarch festival,held in memory of KingKalakaua.
• Kahiko is an ancient hula• It is often accompanied by mele (chanting) and the pahu (traditional drum)• Hawaiians used Kahiko dance to pass down stories and history accurately since there was no written language – Stories spoke of powerful figures or Hula Kahiko events, mythology and creation.
Kahiko InstrumentsPahu • Shark-skin covered wooden drum, often made from coconut log or breadfruit wood • Instrument is either played with the fingertips of the palms of the hand • Drums gives off a deep tone • Often used to accommodate Kahiko hula
Ipu • This hollowed-up single or double gourd drum helps in keeping a steady beat to the hula. • It is used by slapping the drum with the hands (pa’i) and fingers and stamping on the ground or on a mat (ku).
Auana Hula• Modern hula, influenced by Western culture – Slack key guitar and ukulele are used rather than the Pahu – Music followed a more melodic harmony• In comparison to Kahiko’s more brisk and fast-paced movements, Auana is slower and more graceful• Auana is mainly used for entertainment• Movements are also used to tell a story
Hula Auana Sound Clips Hula Auana Hula Auana: Ka Uluwehi O Ke Kai (Plants of the Sea)
UkuleleUkulele sound clip • Adapted from early European influences • Comes from the guitar family with four strings • Mainly made from local Hawaiian wood, Koa • There are 4 different types of ukulele: soprano, concert, tenor and baritone
Review• What is the difference between hula Kahiko and hula Auana? – In sound? – In dancing style?• What is purpose for hula in Hawaiian culture?• Name the instruments and implements used in hula Auana and Kahiko.