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Reptiles 10-2 lora miro alexander

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Reptiles 10-2 lora miro alexander

  1. 1. R E P T I L E S By Lora, Miro and Sasho 10/2 By Lora, Miro and Sasho 10/2 By Lora, Miro and Sasho 10/2 By Lora, Miro and Sasho
  2. 2. Phylogeny? <ul><li>Domain Eukarya </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom - Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum – Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Class – Reptilia </li></ul>
  3. 3. Reptilia? <ul><li>Crocodilia (crocodiles and alligators) </li></ul><ul><li>Sphenodontia – includes only 2 species – tuatara from New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Squamata ( worm and cold blooded lizards, snakes) </li></ul><ul><li>Testudines ( turtles and tortoises) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Symmetry and Relations <ul><li>Bilateral – one plane divides the organism into two mirror halves </li></ul><ul><li>Closely Related to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Class Amphibians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Class Aves (birds) </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Humans were reptiles? <ul><li>Around 300 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Earliest known- Hylonomus </li></ul><ul><li>Developed from Amphibians </li></ul><ul><li>Precursors of mammals (people) </li></ul>
  6. 6. What makes them so special? <ul><li>Cold-blooded , as opposed to warm-blooded (humanoids, dogs, mice, elephants, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Lay amniotic eggs </li></ul><ul><li>Covered by scales or scutes </li></ul><ul><li>Tetrapods </li></ul>
  7. 7. How do they breed? <ul><li>Via egg-laying ( Oviparous lizards) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turtles, Crocodilians </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Via live bearing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Some Lizards, Some Snakes (Boas, Vipers) </li></ul></ul>Baby Turtle
  8. 8. How do they move around? <ul><li>By using limbs to help glide across the ground </li></ul><ul><li>By twisting and turning their bodies in different patterns (for snakes) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lateral undulating, straight crawling, side winding </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. How do they avoid predators? <ul><li>By using camouflage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scale patterns, blending (chameleons) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Playing dead </li></ul><ul><li>Tonic Immobility (becoming rigid) </li></ul><ul><li>Diet change (resorting to weaker “food”) </li></ul>
  10. 10. Green Anaconda (Eunectes Murinos) <ul><li>Habitat : Swamps, slow moving rivers, tropical rainforests (South America) </li></ul><ul><li>They feed on other animals. </li></ul><ul><li>They eat almost everything that they are stronger than (which is almost everything). </li></ul><ul><li>They even eat other reptiles. </li></ul><ul><li>The most amazing thing to see is how an Anaconda swallows a crocodile. </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: Eunectes </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Boidae </li></ul><ul><li>Order: Squamata </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Reptilia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum: Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Life Cycle : Born : 70-80 cm long. No parental care. </li></ul><ul><li>Grow for five years and reproduce. </li></ul><ul><li>Continues growing but more slowly. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gavial - Gavialis gangeticus <ul><li>Genus: Gavialis </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Gavialidae </li></ul><ul><li>Order – Crocodilia </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Reptilia </li></ul><ul><li>Phylum Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>Size 7 m </li></ul><ul><li>Famous with its long stout and precious skin </li></ul><ul><li>Habitat: Asia – India , Nepal around water – Indus and Ganges mostly </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology – it is under great danger of disappearing as a specie because people kill it for its skin </li></ul><ul><li>Food: fish, insects, small mammals, birds </li></ul><ul><li>B reed in November and then the female lays about 40 eggs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Tuatara – Sphenodon punctatus <ul><li>Genus: Sphenodon </li></ul><ul><li>Family: Sphenodontidae </li></ul><ul><li>Order: Sphenodontia </li></ul><ul><li>Class: Reptilia </li></ul><ul><li>Phulym: Chordata </li></ul><ul><li>Kingdom: Animalia </li></ul><ul><li>One of the two only survivors of the order Sphenodontia; the others died 60 million years ago and that;s why it’s called living fossil </li></ul><ul><li>Remained the same as it was 225 million years ago </li></ul><ul><li>Once lived in New Zealand, but they were killed by rats and people </li></ul><ul><li>Now are found on small islands around New Zealand </li></ul><ul><li>Lay eggs, then they reach maturity when they are 15-20 years old </li></ul><ul><li>Can live more than 100 years </li></ul><ul><li>Food: insects, lizards, seabird eggs </li></ul>
  13. 13. Social Skills <ul><li>Snake bites= death (more or less) </li></ul><ul><li>Snake venom - used for medicine , antidotes </li></ul><ul><li>Used for scientific research </li></ul><ul><li>Skin used for crafting items- bags, shoes, etc. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.exoticpetvet.net/reptile/rerepro.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://bio.edu.ee/animals/Roomajad/roalgus.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.gopetsamerica.com/reptiles/lizards.aspx </li></ul><ul><li>http://dictionary.reference.com/ - Vocabulary words (meanings) </li></ul><ul><li>http://images.google.bg/imghp?sourceid=navclient&ie=UTF-8 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures of lizards, snakes, turtles, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.absoluteastronomy.com/topics/Reptile </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.extremescience.com/zoom/index.php/creepy-crawlies/10-biggest-snake </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.angelfire.com/mo2/animals1/crocodile/gharial.html </li></ul><ul><li>http:// www.kcc.org.nz /tuatara </li></ul>

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