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Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Dimitrova, Tanya Stamatova, Zhanet Kalinov, Dimiter 10/1 ...
<ul><li>Name: “Ave”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ bird” /Spanish, Portuguese/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ hail” /Latin/ </li><...
<ul><ul><li>Vertebrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetrapod      </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b ipedal  + forelimbs </li></u...
<ul><li>Male - two testes </li></ul><ul><li>Female - ovaries </li></ul>Life Cycle <ul><li>Most birds - no  phallus </li></...
<ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bill    Mouth (no teeth)    Tongue   </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phar...
<ul><li>Wings and  t ail   </li></ul><ul><li>L ight skeleton  </li></ul><ul><li>F ast digestio n </li></ul><ul><li>W ater ...
Representatives [6], [7], [9], [13] - sharply hooked beak with a cere - long and broad wings - strong legs and feet; rapto...
<ul><ul><li>Fastest running bird – ostrich, but it cannot fly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only known poisonous bird -  hood...
 
 
Works Cited <ul><li><http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/avianreproduction.html>.  [1] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia...
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Birds 10 1 dimitrova stamatova kalinov

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Birds 10 1 dimitrova stamatova kalinov

  1. 1. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Aves Dimitrova, Tanya Stamatova, Zhanet Kalinov, Dimiter 10/1 BIRDS
  2. 2. <ul><li>Name: “Ave” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ bird” /Spanish, Portuguese/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ hail” /Latin/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Symmetry: bilateral </li></ul><ul><li>Chadogram </li></ul><ul><ul><li>150 million years ago </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dinosaurs  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Archaeopteryx” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most closely related: mammals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ancestor  birds + human = 270 million years ago </li></ul></ul>General Info [2], [11], [16]
  3. 3. <ul><ul><li>Vertebrate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tetrapod  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>b ipedal + forelimbs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E ndothermic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( four chambered heart ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Unique digestive and respiratory systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E gg-laying </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>S trong skeleton </li></ul></ul>Characteristics [2], [10]
  4. 4. <ul><li>Male - two testes </li></ul><ul><li>Female - ovaries </li></ul>Life Cycle <ul><li>Most birds - no phallus </li></ul><ul><li>male + female cloacae </li></ul><ul><li>in female - sperm is stored from one week up to a year </li></ul><ul><li>egg - laid + incubation </li></ul><ul><li>parents feed young birds, learn them to fly </li></ul>[1], [2], [3]
  5. 5. <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bill  Mouth (no teeth)  Tongue  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pharynx  E sophagus  C rop  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Stomach ( proventriculus and gizzard )  </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I ntestines  Rectum  Cloacae </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Types of Birds: </li></ul><ul><li>Diurnal; Nocturnal; Repuscular </li></ul><ul><li>Strategy: peck, attack, scavengers… </li></ul><ul><li>Food – great variety - nectar, fruit, </li></ul><ul><li>plants, seeds, small animals </li></ul>Digestive System [2], [4], [12]
  6. 6. <ul><li>Wings and t ail </li></ul><ul><li>L ight skeleton </li></ul><ul><li>F ast digestio n </li></ul><ul><li>W ater birds </li></ul><ul><ul><li>webbed-swimming feet </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is flying ? </li></ul><ul><li>How do birds l ift ? </li></ul><ul><li>Where does air pass? </li></ul><ul><li>What is drag ? </li></ul><ul><li>Do all birds fly? </li></ul>Movement [8], [14]
  7. 7. Representatives [6], [7], [9], [13] - sharply hooked beak with a cere - long and broad wings - strong legs and feet; raptorial claws - chicken-like in appearance - small to large bodies and blunt-wings - wings – flippers More Info - Hunting birds, meat - eaters - eat a variety of plant and animal material - squids, krill, and fish Food habits - 290 species of birds - falcons , eagles , hawks and allie s - about 70 genera ,over 250 species - nearly worldwide distribution - 17 and 20 living species Range - every kind of land habitat - forests, grasslands, deserts, mountains, etc - forests, deserts, cultivated lands, alpine meadows, etc - temperate , tropical , terrestrial - southern hemisphere - about 10 species - temperate zone - one species - near the equator Habitat Falconiformers (Raptors) Galliformes (Fowl) Sphenisciformes (Penguins)
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Fastest running bird – ostrich, but it cannot fly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only known poisonous bird - hooded pitohui of Papua, New Guinea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only wingless bird – kiwi of New Zealand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common bird - chicken </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>At any given time, there are anywhere between one and two billion living birds on the planet. </li></ul></ul>Fun Facts [5], [15]
  9. 11. Works Cited <ul><li><http://people.eku.edu/ritchisong/avianreproduction.html>. [1] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birds>. [2] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bird_anatomy>. [3] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.backyardnature.net/birdguts.htm>. [4] </li></ul><ul><li><http://birds.about.com/od/livingwithabird/a/birdfacts.htm>. [5] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Falconiformes>. [6] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Galliformes>. [7] </li></ul><ul><li><http://bio.edu.ee/animals/Linnud/lialgus.htm>. [8] </li></ul><ul><li><http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/accounts/information/Galliformes.html>. [9] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.biologyreference.com/Ar-Bi/Bird.html>. [10] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.dhushara.com/book/unraveltree/life4CK.jpg>. [11] </li></ul><ul><li><http://animals.about.com/od/birdsastudyguide/a/introtobirds.htm>. [12] </li></ul><ul><li><http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Penguins>. [13] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.earthlife.net/birds/flight.html>. [14] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.peteducation.com/article.cfm?c=15+1794&aid=179>. [15] </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.talkorigins.org/faqs/comdesc/images/phylo.gif>. [16] </li></ul>

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