By Yova Kemenchedjieva  Ivan Mukov Kristian Nikolov
<ul><li>2009 estimate:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollutant     Maximal exceeding of norm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PM10    9...
<ul><li>Transportation – high levels of carbon monoxide and produce most of the polluting Hydrocarbons and Nitrogen Oxides...
<ul><li>Short term  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritation to eyes, throat and nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad for people wi...
<ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication </li></ul><ul><li>Haze </li></ul><ul><li>Crop and forest damage </li></...
<ul><li>What is it under their Control? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning and Construction of Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>There are stations for monitoring of the air in 37 Bulgarian cities. </li></ul><ul><li>These stations are recordin...
http://www.gore.com/MungoBlobs/756/761/cooling_pollution_map.jpg
<ul><li>Ozone: ( 2003 Summary of Pollutant Concentrations ) </li></ul><ul><li>1-hour average: 0.12ppm( National Ambient Ai...
<ul><li>Rapidly growing population, but almost no air pollution regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation is main cause ...
<ul><li>Stricter industrial regulations + education in schools to increase awareness and community involvement </li></ul><...
<ul><li>Devin is a small town in Southern Bulgaria and it has a population of around 7000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>The on...
<ul><li>&quot;Air Pollution Causes.&quot;  Health And Energy Company . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://healthandenergy.com/air_...
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Air pollution kris yova ivan

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Air pollution kris yova ivan

  1. 1. By Yova Kemenchedjieva Ivan Mukov Kristian Nikolov
  2. 2. <ul><li>2009 estimate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pollutant Maximal exceeding of norm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PM10 9.55 µ g/m 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nitrogen dioxide 1.64 µ g/m 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sulphur dioxide 1.94 µ g/m 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon monoxide 1.14 µ g/m 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ozone 1.22 µ g/m 3 [7] </li></ul></ul>Industrial area near Sofia http://www.loupiote.com/photos/18430589.shtml
  3. 3. <ul><li>Transportation – high levels of carbon monoxide and produce most of the polluting Hydrocarbons and Nitrogen Oxides </li></ul><ul><li>Fuel combustion in stationary sources (for example, indoor heating) – Dominant source of Sulfur Dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>Many other sources – deodorant, refrigerators, etc. [1] </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Short term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritation to eyes, throat and nose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bad for people with asthma (irritates it a lot) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Long term </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chronic respiratory disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lung cancer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart diseases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nerve and brain damage [4] </li></ul></ul>http://images.clipartof.com/small/5725-Sick-Man-Sitting-In-A-Chair-Clipart-Illustration.jpg
  5. 5. <ul><li>Acid Rain </li></ul><ul><li>Eutrophication </li></ul><ul><li>Haze </li></ul><ul><li>Crop and forest damage </li></ul><ul><li>Global climate change </li></ul><ul><li>[5] </li></ul>http://www.treehugger.com/20081203-acid-rain-trees.jpg
  6. 6. <ul><li>What is it under their Control? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planning and Construction of Buildings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vehicles and other individual sources of pollution. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction, destruction, or extractive sites and agricultural activities. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tanks for storage of fuels. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples for Measures Taken in Case of Violation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sale of fuels is fined severley </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purifying installation is needed wherever there is source of air pollution [10] </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>There are stations for monitoring of the air in 37 Bulgarian cities. </li></ul><ul><li>These stations are recording data for content in the air of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hard particles in the air such as dust; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SO 2 , NO 2 , CO, Pb, Cd, H 2 S, CS 2 , NH 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Styrene (C 8 H 8 ) – a gas used for the production of polymers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Benzene (C 6 H 6 ) – used in chemical production and product of petrol burning. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After the data is gathered it is compared to the different regulations and measures are taken in case of violation. [8] </li></ul>
  8. 8. http://www.gore.com/MungoBlobs/756/761/cooling_pollution_map.jpg
  9. 9. <ul><li>Ozone: ( 2003 Summary of Pollutant Concentrations ) </li></ul><ul><li>1-hour average: 0.12ppm( National Ambient Air Quality Standard s ); highest recorded: 0.19ppm </li></ul><ul><li>8-hours average: 0.08, highest recorded: 0.15ppm [6] </li></ul>L.A. haze in the morning http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/archive/7/7a/20070412195945!CA_LA_haze.jpg
  10. 10. <ul><li>Rapidly growing population, but almost no air pollution regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Transportation is main cause </li></ul><ul><li>Very sunny area creating a lot of photochemical reactions in the atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>Little wind to push the pollutants away from the city </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial air pollution also plays big part in this problem [9] </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Stricter industrial regulations + education in schools to increase awareness and community involvement </li></ul><ul><li>California lawmakers have created the South Coast Air Quality Management District </li></ul><ul><li>Use of catalytic converters to lower air pollution in transportation, but they actually produce more Nitrous Oxide, converting even more to global air pollution [2] </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Devin is a small town in Southern Bulgaria and it has a population of around 7000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>The only industry around town is the production of mineral water. </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the shorter distances cars are less used and pollution is reduced. </li></ul><ul><li>The lack of industry also </li></ul><ul><li>helps for the low measures </li></ul><ul><li>for pollution in the air. </li></ul><ul><li>For instance, the average </li></ul><ul><li>measure for hard particles </li></ul><ul><li>in the air for one day is 2µg/m 3 </li></ul><ul><li>in comparison to the restriction which is 50µg/m 3 . [3] </li></ul>http://www.tonykobg.com/UserFiles/Devin_Bulgaria2.jpg
  13. 13. <ul><li>&quot;Air Pollution Causes.&quot; Health And Energy Company . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://healthandenergy.com/air_pollution_causes.htm>. [1] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Causes of Air Pollution on Los Angeles : LA IMC.&quot; Los Angeles Independent Media Center . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://la.indymedia.org/news/2010/04/237654.php>. [2] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Devin, Bulgaria.&quot; Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia . Web. 14 June 2010. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Devin,_Bulgaria>. [3] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Health Effects of Air Pollution.&quot; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://www.lbl.gov/Education/ELSI/Frames/pollution-health-effects-f.html>. [4] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;MassDEP: Environmental Effects of Air Pollution.&quot; Mass.Gov . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://www.mass.gov/dep/air/aq/env_effects.htm>. [5] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Pollution Locator: Smog and Particulates: County Report.&quot; Scorecard Home . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://scorecard.org/env-releases/cap/county.tcl?fips_county_code=06037#ej>. [6] </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sofia.&quot; ICSR - the Web Site . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://www.icsr.bas.bg/ICSRwebsite/departments/rdts/htdocs/sofia_r.html>. [7] </li></ul><ul><li>  &quot; Качество на въздуха в България.&quot; ICSR - the Web Site . Web. 14 June 2010. <http://www.icsr.bas.bg/ICSRwebsite/departments/rdts/htdocs/index_BG.html>. [8] </li></ul><ul><li>Air Pollution: Control, Statistics, Air Pollution, Mexico & Los Angeles @ EncycloMedia.com.&quot; Free Video Clips - Streaming Online Videos - EncycloMedia . Web. 13 June 2010. <http://www.encyclomedia.com/air_pollution.html>. [9] </li></ul><ul><li>Закон за чистота на атмосферния въздух. (Law for the Cleanliness of the Atmospheric Air.) [10] </li></ul>

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