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m-biblio
Bibliographic management on mobile devices

#mbiblio

Mike Jones, Senior Technical Researcher
IT Services R&D



...
Background

•Investigate the use of mobile devices as a tool to
collecting and managing bibliographic data
•Collaboration ...
3
Devices have lots of sensors and
connectivity ...


              Camera       Accelerometer
        GPS    Compass Netw...
4

Design a useful tool for students ...




                            IT Services R&D / ILRT
4

Design a useful tool for students ...




                            IT Services R&D / ILRT
5

... but also provides the Library with statistics




                            IT Services R&D / ILRT
6

 Student Survey and Workshop

•User experience expert ran a survey and workshop
•67 students responded to the survey
•1...
7
Approximately how many references do you
put in your essays?

                                              1-5
        ...
8
What tends to be the approximate ratio of
books to journal articles in your reference
list?

         6%

   19%        ...
9

How do you usually find your references?


        4%
  17%        23%

                       Online citation database...
10

Where do you store your references?


       7% 1%


 17%
                        In word processor format (e.g. Word)...
11
   What’s your biggest frustration about
   managing references?
                                                      ...
12
    If you could design a simple piece of
    software to help you manage your
    references better, what would it do?...
13

Response from Library Staff


“It is interesting that EndNote / EndNote Web
can deliver on most of the requirements gi...
14

Workshop - Pain Points

•Lack of uniformity - different lecturers in the same
department have different requirements
•...
15

Workshop - Ideas for using mobile devices

•Scan barcodes
•OCR text for references
•Format references to common
format...
16

To develop something useful ...

•It needs to help the students create accurate
 references easily
•It needs to be sim...
17

Architecture
                                                          Aleph

        Query



                  Web S...
18

 Technologies
Server-side
 •Java API for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS)
 •Simple API for XML (SAX)
 •Marc4J
Client-side...
19

Near Field Communication
•NFC is a set of standards that allow devices to
 establish radio communication when in close...
20

 NFC/RFID and the Library

•The Library piloted using RFID in the Chemistry
branch Library
•Plans to put RFID tags in ...
21

 Camera

•Use the camera to scan barcodes
•Use OCR to scan for Digital Object Identifiers
on a page
•You need a camera...
22

 Barcodes

•The Library uses Telepen for stock management - not
supported ‘out of the box’ by open source libraries
•N...
23

 Fallback input for barcodes

•For devices that don’t have a
camera
• Or a camera can’t read the
barcode (damaged, poo...
24

Examples of data Issues

•Missing information - issue numbers, volume numbers,
page numbers
•Typos in data
•Titles and...
25

Demo




       IT Services R&D / ILRT
26

  Further Details

              http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.uk


Developer:
Mike Jones (mike.a.jones@bristol.ac.uk)
@...
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The session talked about the m-biblio project (http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/) which is being undertaken at the University of Bristol.

The project is investigating the use of mobile devices in capturing references and looking at how it might be possible to gather useful statistics for the Library, including data about library items that are often confined to branches such as periodicals, journals and reference books. The presentation will cover a number of topics, including technical issues and findings from a workshop held with students on the challenges they face in managing references.

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Bibliographic management on mobile devices



  1. 1. m-biblio Bibliographic management on mobile devices #mbiblio Mike Jones, Senior Technical Researcher IT Services R&D Using emerging learning and research technologies to enable excellence
  2. 2. Background •Investigate the use of mobile devices as a tool to collecting and managing bibliographic data •Collaboration between the Library and IT Services at the University of Bristol •JISC-funded project in the m-library innovation programme (1 November 2011 to 31 July 2012) IT Services R&D / ILRT
  3. 3. 3 Devices have lots of sensors and connectivity ... Camera Accelerometer GPS Compass Network Access Near Field Communication (on some recent Android devices) ... what can we use in capturing bibliographic data and usage information? Can we provide something useful? IT Services R&D / ILRT
  4. 4. 4 Design a useful tool for students ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
  5. 5. 4 Design a useful tool for students ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
  6. 6. 5 ... but also provides the Library with statistics IT Services R&D / ILRT
  7. 7. 6 Student Survey and Workshop •User experience expert ran a survey and workshop •67 students responded to the survey •10 students attended a 2 hour workshop. Mix of subject areas (undergraduate, taught post graduate and research postgraduate) •Students not initially told about the aims of the m-biblio project IT Services R&D / ILRT
  8. 8. 7 Approximately how many references do you put in your essays? 1-5 4% 5-10 18% 10-20 36% > 20 42% IT Services R&D / ILRT
  9. 9. 8 What tends to be the approximate ratio of books to journal articles in your reference list? 6% 19% 25% Books / 75% Articles 36% 50% Books / 50% Journals 75 % Books / 25% Journal Articles Pretty much all journal articles Varies too much to say 19% 20% IT Services R&D / ILRT
  10. 10. 9 How do you usually find your references? 4% 17% 23% Online citation databases (e.g. Web of Knowledge) Google Scholar University library system Reading lists provided by lecturers Other 24% 31% IT Services R&D / ILRT
  11. 11. 10 Where do you store your references? 7% 1% 17% In word processor format (e.g. Word) Using bibliographic software (e.g. EndNote) In a hand-written notebook I don’t store my references 58% Other 16% IT Services R&D / ILRT
  12. 12. 11 What’s your biggest frustration about managing references? Inputting the data into Endnote “Citing the reference in the correct format” “Copying the reference format easily from a paper” “Different lecturers have different preferences for style of referencing, so its difficult to know what style to choose.” “Having to put them all in the exact harvard “Time-consuming” style of referencing” IT Services R&D / ILRT
  13. 13. 12 If you could design a simple piece of software to help you manage your references better, what would it do? “Compile them, format them to the desired style and alphabetise” “It would automatically put them in alphabetically order and split them into the types of references they are e.g. books, journals etc” “Quick and easy to learn, will format in necessary style” “Take the journals and books you’ve read and write them in the correct format” IT Services R&D / ILRT
  14. 14. 13 Response from Library Staff “It is interesting that EndNote / EndNote Web can deliver on most of the requirements given in 6. However, making the students aware of this and encouraging them to make use of it is another thing.” Very sad to see that only 14% are using Endnote, yet almost all of them want something that has the capabilities of Endnote! Attendance this year at Endnote Web sessions was very low, so we are clearly not getting to all those who need it. IT Services R&D / ILRT
  15. 15. 14 Workshop - Pain Points •Lack of uniformity - different lecturers in the same department have different requirements •Students used a range of methods for collecting references - pen and paper to Endnote •Software didn’t work as the students expected IT Services R&D / ILRT
  16. 16. 15 Workshop - Ideas for using mobile devices •Scan barcodes •OCR text for references •Format references to common formats - customisable •Manage reference lists •Export references to text/PDF and Word •Share references via email, text and store in the Cloud IT Services R&D / ILRT
  17. 17. 16 To develop something useful ... •It needs to help the students create accurate references easily •It needs to be simple and intuitive to use •It should fit within their workflow - export to Endnote or Word IT Services R&D / ILRT
  18. 18. 17 Architecture Aleph Query Web Service Results COPAC CrossRef Statistics IT Services R&D / ILRT
  19. 19. 18 Technologies Server-side •Java API for RESTful Web Services (JAX-RS) •Simple API for XML (SAX) •Marc4J Client-side •iOS 5.1(iPhone 3GS/4/4S, iPod Touch 2nd/3rd generation, iPad) •Core Data (local database) •ZBar bar code reader API IT Services R&D / ILRT
  20. 20. 19 Near Field Communication •NFC is a set of standards that allow devices to establish radio communication when in close contact •Standards cover protocols and data exchange formats and are based upon RFID •Bristol City Council are looking at initiatives to promote the use of NFC in the city •It would be great if we could read Library RFID tags with a phone ... IT Services R&D / ILRT
  21. 21. 20 NFC/RFID and the Library •The Library piloted using RFID in the Chemistry branch Library •Plans to put RFID tags in stock across all branches •However ... the tags used by our Library can’t be read by NFC capable devices :-( Project has requested that NFC and recent RFID Library standards be considered by the Library RFID project IT Services R&D / ILRT
  22. 22. 21 Camera •Use the camera to scan barcodes •Use OCR to scan for Digital Object Identifiers on a page •You need a camera that can auto focus: (iPhone 3GS/4/4S and 3rd generation iPad) http://www.flickr.com/photos/coffeegeek/3198844118 IT Services R&D / ILRT
  23. 23. 22 Barcodes •The Library uses Telepen for stock management - not supported ‘out of the box’ by open source libraries •Needed to write a decoder so Telepen was supported IT Services R&D / ILRT
  24. 24. 23 Fallback input for barcodes •For devices that don’t have a camera • Or a camera can’t read the barcode (damaged, poor light etc.) IT Services R&D / ILRT
  25. 25. 24 Examples of data Issues •Missing information - issue numbers, volume numbers, page numbers •Typos in data •Titles and names all in upper case or lower case •Author or editor? We can help improve accuracy but some curation is needed by the user of the app IT Services R&D / ILRT
  26. 26. 25 Demo IT Services R&D / ILRT
  27. 27. 26 Further Details http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.uk Developer: Mike Jones (mike.a.jones@bristol.ac.uk) @MrJ1971 Project Manager: Dave Kilbey (D.Kilbey@bristol.ac.uk) IT Services R&D / ILRT
  • woitas

    Aug. 23, 2012
  • puntofisso

    May. 9, 2012

The session talked about the m-biblio project (http://mbiblio.ilrt.bris.ac.uk/) which is being undertaken at the University of Bristol. The project is investigating the use of mobile devices in capturing references and looking at how it might be possible to gather useful statistics for the Library, including data about library items that are often confined to branches such as periodicals, journals and reference books. The presentation will cover a number of topics, including technical issues and findings from a workshop held with students on the challenges they face in managing references.

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