The Olympics of the 1920's


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The Olympics of the 1920's

  1. 1. By: Cara Chernow and Lauren Bronstein The Olympics of the 1920's
  2. 2. Why did we do this topic? <ul><li>To learn about the past Olympics. </li></ul><ul><li>To learn how the Olympics were during the 1920’s, while America was experiencing a superficial prosperity (Entertainment, Literature, Industries, etc. experienced major developments). </li></ul><ul><li>To learn about how the games have changed over time. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Olympics in the 20’s <ul><li>1920 – Summer (Belgium) </li></ul><ul><li>1924 – Winter (France) </li></ul><ul><li>1924 - Summer (France) </li></ul><ul><li>1928 – Winter (Switzerland) </li></ul><ul><li>1928 - Summer (Netherlands) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Summer of 1920 <ul><li>Opening ceremony: April 20 </li></ul><ul><li>Closing ceremony: September 12 </li></ul><ul><li>Location: Antwerp, Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>Nations Participating: 29 </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes participating: 2,626 (2,561 men, 65 women) </li></ul><ul><li>Known as “Games of the VII Olympiad” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Summer of 1920 Cont. <ul><li>Medals were awarded in the following areas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athletics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Boxing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cycling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diving </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equestrian </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fencing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure skating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Football </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gymnastics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern pentathlon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Polo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Rowing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Rugby </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Sailing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Shooting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Swimming </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Tennis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Tug of war </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Water polo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Weightlifting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Wrestling </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Summer of 1920 pictures
  7. 7. Winter of 1924 <ul><li>The 1924 Winter Olympics were the first Winter Olympics that took place in Chamonix, France from January 25 th – February 4 th. </li></ul><ul><li>16 different countries sent athletes to compete, resulting in 258 total athletes. </li></ul><ul><li>There were only 16 different events: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>4-man bobsled </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biathlon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure skating (men's, women's, pairs) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross country Skiing (18k, 50k) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ski jumping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nordic combined skiing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed skating (500m, 1500m, 5000m, 10,000m, combined) </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Winter of 1924 continued… <ul><li>Interesting Facts: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The highest number of medals were awarded to Finland (11) and Norway (17); then US and Great Britain with 4; Austria, Switzerland, and France received 3; Sweden won 2; and Canada one. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Canada’s only medal was won in hockey. They defeated Switzerland 33-0, Czechoslovakia 30-0, Sweden 22-0, Great Britain 19-2, and finally they beat the United States 6-1to win the gold. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Originally called the ’International Winter Sports Week’ so certain countries would attend. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A week later the international ski committee called the games the official ‘Olympics’. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Winter of 1924 pictures
  10. 10. Summer of 1924 <ul><li>Location: Paris, France </li></ul><ul><li>Dates: May 4 th to July 27 th </li></ul><ul><li>44 different nations participated </li></ul><ul><li>3,089 athletes competed; 135 women and 2,954 men </li></ul><ul><li>16 different sports/events were played </li></ul>
  11. 11. Summer of 1924 cont… <ul><li>Interesting Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Olympics where the three flags were raised; the Olympic flag, the host country’s flag, and the next Olympic host country’s flag. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>These Olympics were the last with tennis as an event until 1988. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This was the first time athletes stayed in an Olympic Village, group of wooden cabins. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Summer of 1924 pictures
  13. 13. Winter of 1928 <ul><li>Location: St. Moritz, Switzerland </li></ul><ul><li>Dates: February 11 th - February 19 th </li></ul><ul><li>Athletes participating: 464 (438 men, 26 women) </li></ul><ul><li>25 different nations participated </li></ul>
  14. 14. Winter of 1928 cont… <ul><li>Events included: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bobsleigh </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Figure skating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ice hockey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nordic skiing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross-country skiing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nordic combined </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ski jumping </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speed skating </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tobogganing (skeleton) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Military patrol </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Skijoring </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Winter 1928 pictures
  16. 16. Summer of 1928 <ul><li>Location: Amsterdam, Netherlands </li></ul><ul><li>Dates: July 28 th – August 12 th </li></ul><ul><li>2,883 athletes </li></ul><ul><li>46 different nations participated </li></ul><ul><li>109 events in the games </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summer of 1928 cont… <ul><li>Interesting Facts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Olympic flame was first lit at these games. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The tradition of the parade beginning with Greece and ending with the host nation started this year. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First games that took place within 16 days instead of over a couple months. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Summer of 1928 pictures
  19. 19. The End