Scopes Monkey Trial


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Scopes Monkey Trial

  1. 1. Scopes Monkey Trial Ayal Gabbay & Jake Paston
  2. 2. John Thomas Scopes <ul><li>Born on August 3 rd 1900 </li></ul><ul><li>Born and Raised in Kentucky </li></ul><ul><li>Taught in Dayton, Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Charged for Violating the Butler act on May 25, 1925 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Butler Act <ul><li>It shall be unlawful for any teacher in any of the Universities, Normals and all other public schools of the State to teach any theory that denies the story of the Divine Creation of man as taught in the Bible, and to teach instead that man has descended from a lower order of animals. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Theory of Evolution <ul><li>Darwin's Theory of Evolution is the widely held notion that all life is related and has descended from a common ancestor </li></ul>
  5. 5. George Rappleyea <ul><li>Convinced locals that breaking the butler act will cause a law suit bringing much needed popularity to the town. </li></ul><ul><li>Convinced John Scopes to break the law and arranged to have him arrested. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Prosecutor (state) <ul><li>William Jennings Bryan </li></ul><ul><li>Leader in passing the Butler Act </li></ul><ul><li>Worked with the World Christian Fundamentals Association and was there to defend the beliefs of the Bible. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Defense (scopes) <ul><li>Clarence Darrow </li></ul><ul><li>Leader of the American Civil Liberties Union </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Non-Profit organization which focuses on litigation and communication efforts, and legislative lobbying </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed to every person in this country by the Contstitution and laws of the United States.&quot; </li></ul>
  9. 9. A Civic Biology <ul><li>Textbook Tennessee teachers were required to use to teach. </li></ul><ul><li>Written by George William Hunter </li></ul><ul><li>Taught about Evolution which violated Butler Act </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Plan <ul><li>Scopes started by saying the Butler Act was wrong because it violated his teaching rights. </li></ul><ul><li>He later switched to saying that the theory of evolution did not conflict with what the bible says. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Examination of Bryan <ul><li>On the 7 th day of trial, the defense called Bryan to testify. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Darrow asked Bryan questions he would not be able to answer to try to prove the bible can not be followed word for word. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How was Eve actually created from Adams rib? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was the population of Ancient Egypt? </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Verdict <ul><li>After eight days of trial, it took the jury only nine minutes to deliberate. Scopes was found guilty on July 21 and ordered to pay a $100 fine. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Scopes appealed the courts decision and the scopes monkey trial was the start of people everywhere challenging the Butler Act and it was eventually repealed in 1976. </li></ul>
  15. 17. THE END