Multiple Births


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Multiple Births

  1. 1. Multiple Births America's Fascination
  2. 2. History <ul><li>75 years ago on May 28, the first set of quintuplets survived infancy </li></ul><ul><li>All five Dionne girls were a Depression-era phenomenon </li></ul><ul><li>Each girl had a gas station named after them that was highly prosperous </li></ul><ul><li>Considered to be more of an attraction than the Niagara Falls </li></ul>
  3. 3. In-vitro Treatment <ul><li>Also known as IVF, works to induce hormones to produce eggs that are externally fertilized then implanted back into the uterus </li></ul><ul><li>Avaliable since the 1980’s </li></ul><ul><li>Number of twins and triplets increased several fold since then </li></ul><ul><li>Increased number of women waiting until later in their lives for childbirth </li></ul>
  4. 4. Risks and Disclaimers <ul><li>Multiples are more likely to be born premature </li></ul><ul><li>Risks of miscarriages are heightened </li></ul><ul><li>Gestational diabetes, hypertension, & preeclampsia can occur </li></ul><ul><li>Cerebral palsy is a more common occurance </li></ul>
  5. 5. Example: Nayda Suleman <ul><li>Had 6 embryos implanted, two which split into twins </li></ul><ul><li>Considering offers for a reality show or other media opportunities </li></ul><ul><li>Had in-vitro treatment twice </li></ul><ul><li>Controversial decision by the doctor </li></ul>
  6. 6. Example: Jon and Kate Plus 8 <ul><li>Had a set of twins and a set of sextuplets </li></ul><ul><li>Strapped with financial hardships before the show </li></ul><ul><li>Created a nostalgic feeling for “big families” for others </li></ul>
  7. 7. McCaughey Sextuplets <ul><li>In 1997, they were the first to survive past infancy </li></ul><ul><li>Parents Kenny and Bobbi McCaughey used fertility drug called Metrodin to conceive first daughter </li></ul><ul><li>Guarenteed low prices to Iowa state colleges, received an outpour of national assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Featured on a lullaby cover </li></ul>
  8. 8. Fun Facts <ul><li>The largest number of kids birthed from one woman is 69 </li></ul><ul><li>She was pregnant 27 times and gave birth to 16 sets of twins, 7 sets of triplets, and 4 sets of quadruplets </li></ul><ul><li>Happen between 1725 to 1765 </li></ul><ul><li>Bizarre considering the lack of medical assistance at the time </li></ul>
  9. 9. Why the Fascination? <ul><li>America is fascinated with multiples, let alone identical twins </li></ul><ul><li>Entire websites and blogs dedicated to following their lives </li></ul><ul><li>Although they seem exploited today, things were worse a few decades ago </li></ul><ul><li>In 1940, certain multiples were displayed and clearly exploited </li></ul>
  10. 10. Fascination Continued <ul><li>With modern technology and in-vitro treatment, ethical issues have surfaced </li></ul><ul><li>For high quantities, there are clear increases in complications with the babies and pregnancy </li></ul><ul><li>The decision to terminate specific embryos have surfaced as well, bringing forth a slew of complex ethical issues </li></ul>
  11. 11. So Now You Know... <ul><li>The different aspects of multiple births including quantity </li></ul><ul><li>Examples of popular multiple births in the past </li></ul><ul><li>History of multiple births </li></ul><ul><li>Multiple births in modern day </li></ul><ul><li>Fertility drugs </li></ul>
  12. 12. The End