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Harlem Renaissance Power Point

  1. 1. The Harlem Renaissance
  2. 2. <ul><li>A movement of African-American culture in literature, dance, music, and art during 1919 – mid-1930s. </li></ul>Resulted from the Great Migration following the First World War, in which many African-Americans moved to Northern urban cities.
  3. 3. Originated in Harlem, New York City
  4. 4. Literature <ul><li>Harlem Renaissance was a primarily literary movement. </li></ul><ul><li>This was the first time publishers and critics took African-American writing seriously. </li></ul>By Langston Hughes By Zora N. Hurston
  5. 5. Literature <ul><li>Writing related back to African-American’s roots in Africa. </li></ul><ul><li>Writing included poetry, novels, and magazines. </li></ul><ul><li>Described the reality of being racially discriminated against. </li></ul>By Sherwood Anderson
  6. 6. Langston Hughes : poet, novelist, short story writer, columnist. The Crisis : official magazine of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  7. 7. Dance <ul><li>Swing dance became very popular in the Harlem Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>Popular dance clubs: the Savoy Ballroom and the Cotton Club. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Cotton Club Savoy Ballroom
  9. 9. Music <ul><li>Jazz and Blues became very popular. </li></ul><ul><li>The Apollo Theatre was a venue where many musicians started their careers, including: </li></ul>Billie Holiday Ella Fitzgerald Sarah Vaughn
  10. 10. Jelly Roll Morton: Ragtime Pianist Louis Armstrong: Jazz Trumpeter and Singer Duke Ellington: Jazz Composer, Pianist, and Bandleader
  11. 11. Art <ul><li>Art at this time reflected African American daily life from many different perspectives. </li></ul><ul><li>Artists made bold, stylized portraits of African American people. </li></ul><ul><li>Some art inspired by jazz music of the time: </li></ul>Jeunesse by Palmer Hayden
  12. 12.  The Library by Jacob Lawrence
  13. 13. Drama <ul><li>Plays and shows rejected African American stereotypes by having black actors convey complex human emotions. </li></ul>An encyclopedia of African American Theatre by David Krasner
  14. 14. <ul><li>Theatre started with Three Plays for a Negro Theatre at the Chatham Garden Theatre in NYC. </li></ul>Acclaimed as “the most important single event in the entire history of the Negro in American Theatre” by James Weldon Johnson in 1917 Chatham Garden Theatre
  15. 15. Decline of Harlem Renaissance <ul><li>The Great Depression created economic pressure on organizations like the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), which was a main supporter of the renaissance. </li></ul>
  16. 16. THE END!