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Douglas MacArthur


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Douglas MacArthur

  1. 1. Douglas MacArthur Seung-Ho Choi & Brian Lee
  2. 2. Background History <ul><li>Born in Little Rock, AK to Arthur and Mary MacArthur. </li></ul><ul><li>Graduated from West Point in 1903 1 st in 930 student class. </li></ul><ul><li>Commanded 42 nd division in WWI and promoted to brigadier general. </li></ul><ul><li>He retired from US Army in 1937. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Beginning of WWII <ul><li>Summer of 1941, MacArthur was recalled to active duty to head the US military forces in the Far East. </li></ul><ul><li>He was given control as the Supreme Commander of the Philippine army. </li></ul><ul><li>His headquarters during the Philippines Campaign was on the island fortress of Corregidor. </li></ul>
  4. 5. MacArthur’s Retreat <ul><li>Japanese Army invaded the Philippine and held three air bases in Luzon. </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur ordered retreat to Bataan peninsula. </li></ul><ul><li>He was ordered to leave Bataan and go to Australia. </li></ul>
  5. 6. After the Retreat… <ul><li>MacArthur and Admiral Nimitz decided to establish and protect communication line throughout South Pacific. </li></ul><ul><li>He engaged the enemy for 8 months in 10 major battles after landing in Guadalcanal. </li></ul><ul><li>By Spring of 1944, MacArthur surrounded the Japanese troops in New Guinea. </li></ul>
  6. 8. MacArthur’s Counterattack <ul><li>MacArthur was given permission to recapture the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>On October 20, 1944, MacArthur’s forces invaded Leyte Island in the Philippines. </li></ul><ul><li>On January of 1945, MacArthur sent troops to Luzon and captured it in March. </li></ul>
  7. 9. Assault on Japan <ul><li>MacArthur set his eyes on Okinawa, Japan, and sent 60,000 troops to the city of Haguushi. </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur faced heavy opposition when he reached Shuri and repelled counterattack. </li></ul><ul><li>Capture of Okinawa cost the Americans 49,000 casualties. </li></ul>
  8. 11. Surrender of Japan <ul><li>In January of 1945, MacArthur was promoted to five star general. </li></ul><ul><li>On August 6 th and 9 th , two atomic bombs were released in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. </li></ul><ul><li>On September 2, 1945, MacArthur accepted Japan’s surrender. </li></ul>
  9. 12. Occupation of Japan <ul><li>MacArthur exonerated Emperor Showa and the imperial family. </li></ul><ul><li>He helped rebuild the nation and encouraged democratic reforms. </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur was heavily criticized by both Japanese and Americans. </li></ul>
  10. 14. After WWII <ul><li>MacArthur was appointed as head of the Allied occupation of Japan. </li></ul><ul><li>He fought in Korean War in 1950 as a commander of the UN forces. </li></ul><ul><li>MacArthur led campaign against Harry Truman and the Democratic Party. </li></ul><ul><li>He died in the Water Reed Hospital, Washington, on April 5 th , 1964. </li></ul>