Anthrax Attacks 2001
Anthrax <ul><li>An infectious, usually fatal disease of warm-blooded animals, especially of cattle and sheep, caused by th...
Transmitted <ul><li>The disease can be transmitted to humans through contact with contaminated animal substances, such as ...
Anthrax Cycle
First Hit <ul><li>First attack was one week following the 9/11 attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Sent from Trenton to CBS News, NB...
The First Note <ul><li>The letter sent to The New York Post contained a note saying: </li></ul><ul><li>09-11-01  </li></ul...
Death Attached <ul><li>One other letter was sent to the National Enquirer at America Media, Inc. in Boca Raton, Florida </...
The Next Affected <ul><li>October 9, 2001-  the date of the next two letters sent from same Trenton return address </li></...
The Next Killed <ul><li>October 15, 2001-  Government postal service is shut down due to Daschel’s aide opening the infect...
Next Letter Found <ul><li>November 16, 2001-  Leahy letter found in mail bag unopened in Sterling, Virginia where postal w...
Letters to Senators <ul><ul><li>The letters read: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>09-11-01  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YOU CAN ...
The Letters Found
Comparing  <ul><li>First 4 letters- Anthrax in form of a granular, brown substance- only causing cutaneous anthrax (skin i...
Comparing Cont. <ul><li>Second 2 to the senators and the Sun- in form of white, powdery substance- causing inhalation Anth...
Tracking the Letters
REWARDS <ul><li>A reward was posted for anyone who came forward for $2.5 million from U.S Postal Service, F.B.I. and AVDO,...
Suspects <ul><li>Many theories erupted about who sent the anthrax, but no one was tried: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Came from a...
More Theories <ul><ul><li>Philip Zach and Dr. Steven Hatfill both named as a “person of intrest” but both denied it </li><...
Contamination <ul><li>Afterwards, countless buildings were infected and contaminated </li></ul><ul><li>-had to be  fumigat...
 
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Anthrax Attacks

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  • Thank you for this time line of the anthrax attacks, I used it in my lecture . However, I had never heard that a biting fly could spread Anthrax as indicated on slide 4. Just FYI, I have looked at the web site How Stuff Works, and it often gets the facts wrong.
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Anthrax Attacks

  1. 1. Anthrax Attacks 2001
  2. 2. Anthrax <ul><li>An infectious, usually fatal disease of warm-blooded animals, especially of cattle and sheep, caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Transmitted <ul><li>The disease can be transmitted to humans through contact with contaminated animal substances, such as hair, feces, or hides, and is characterized by ulcerative skin lesions </li></ul>
  4. 4. Anthrax Cycle
  5. 5. First Hit <ul><li>First attack was one week following the 9/11 attacks </li></ul><ul><li>Sent from Trenton to CBS News, NBC News, ABC News, and the New York Post all located in New York City. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The First Note <ul><li>The letter sent to The New York Post contained a note saying: </li></ul><ul><li>09-11-01 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>THIS IS NEXT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TAKE PENACILIN NOW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEATH TO AMERICA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEATH TO ISRAEL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALLAH IS GREAT </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Death Attached <ul><li>One other letter was sent to the National Enquirer at America Media, Inc. in Boca Raton, Florida </li></ul><ul><li>Robert Stevens- first to die from Anthrax while working at the Sun (under AMI) </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Next Affected <ul><li>October 9, 2001- the date of the next two letters sent from same Trenton return address </li></ul><ul><li>Sent to Senators Tom Daschel and Patrick Leahy of South Dakota and Vermont </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Next Killed <ul><li>October 15, 2001- Government postal service is shut down due to Daschel’s aide opening the infected letter </li></ul>
  10. 10. Next Letter Found <ul><li>November 16, 2001- Leahy letter found in mail bag unopened in Sterling, Virginia where postal worker, David Hose was killed by inhalation Anthrax </li></ul>
  11. 11. Letters to Senators <ul><ul><li>The letters read: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>09-11-01 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YOU CAN NOT STOP US. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WE HAVE THIS ANTHRAX. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>YOU DIE NOW. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ARE YOU AFRAID? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEATH TO AMERICA. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DEATH TO ISRAEL. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALLAH IS GREAT. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. The Letters Found
  13. 13. Comparing <ul><li>First 4 letters- Anthrax in form of a granular, brown substance- only causing cutaneous anthrax (skin infections) </li></ul>
  14. 14. Comparing Cont. <ul><li>Second 2 to the senators and the Sun- in form of white, powdery substance- causing inhalation Anthrax </li></ul><ul><li>Both from the same bacterial strain </li></ul>
  15. 15. Tracking the Letters
  16. 16. REWARDS <ul><li>A reward was posted for anyone who came forward for $2.5 million from U.S Postal Service, F.B.I. and AVDO, Inc. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Suspects <ul><li>Many theories erupted about who sent the anthrax, but no one was tried: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Came from a Military laboratory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>American public became paranoid and afraid </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. More Theories <ul><ul><li>Philip Zach and Dr. Steven Hatfill both named as a “person of intrest” but both denied it </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zach worked where Anthrax originated </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dr. Hatfill worked at Fort Detrick at a medical research facility studying biological warfare </li></ul></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Contamination <ul><li>Afterwards, countless buildings were infected and contaminated </li></ul><ul><li>-had to be fumigated by chlorine dioxide </li></ul><ul><li>FBI suggests total clean-up cost was about $1 billion </li></ul>
  20. 21. THE END

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