CONSTITUTIONAL LAW OF THE UNITEDSTATES: BILL OF RIGHTSThe first 10 Amendments to the United States Constitution were introduced by James Madison as a series oflegislative articles and came into effect as Constitutional Amendments following the process of ratification by¾ of the states on December 15, 1791. The Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten Amendments ofthe United States Constitution.1 ST AMENDMENT: st1 Amendment protects the right to freedom of religion and freedom of expression from governmentinterference. First Amendment of the United States consists of the rights to freedom of speech, press,assembly and petition the government for a redress of grievances.2 ND AMENDMENT:
nd2 amendment is a part of the Bill of Rights, which are the first 10 Amendments to the United StatesConstitution. The second Amendments to the United States protect the right to the individual to keep and bearfirearms. 2nd Amendment in detail3 RD AMENDMENT:Third Amendment to the United States Constitution prohibits, during times of peace, the quartering of soldiers rdon private property and in private homes without the consent of the owner. The 3 Amendments makes thequartering of soldiers permissible only in times of conflict or war and only according to the area’s particularlaws.4 TH AMENDMENT: th4 Amendment to the United States Constitution guards against the government’s ability to conductunreasonable search and seizures. The fourth Amendment specifically requires a law enforcement agency topossess judicially sanctioned search and arrest warrants, which are supported by probable clause, to beadministered before a person’s property can be inspected.The individual’s property may be searched and seized if, the individual in on parole or in a tax hearing , facesdeportation, the evidence is seized from a common carrier, the evidence collected by United States Agents,the evidence is seized by probation officers, the evidence is seized outside of the United States, or probable thcause is evident. 4 Amendment in detail5 TH AMENDMENT: th5 Amendment to the United States Constitution provides, no person shall be held to answer for a capital, orotherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in theland or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall anyperson be subject for the same crime to be twice put in jeopardy of life or limb; not shall be compelled in anycriminal case to be a witness against himself , nor be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without process of thlaw, nor shall be private property be taken for public use, without just compensation. 5 Amendment in detail6 TH AMENDMENT: th6 Amendment to United States Constitution provides the accused shall enjoy the right to a speedy and publictrial, by an impartial jury of the State and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which districtshall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be confronted with the witnesses against him, and tohave the Assistance of Counsel for his defense7 TH AMENDMENT:
th7 amendment to the United States Constitution, codifies to the right to the jury trial in certain civil cases, andasserts that cases may not be re-examined by another court.In suits at common law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by juryshall be preserved, and no fact trial by jury, shall be otherwise re-examined in any Court of the United States,than according to the rules of the common law.8 TH AMENDMENT:Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution is also the part of United States Bill of Rights prohibitingthe federal government from imposing excessive bail, excessive fines or cruel and unusual punishments. TheUnited States Court has ruled that this amendment’s cruel and unusual punishment clause applies to thestates. thThe 8 Amendment was attached to the Bill of Rights in 1791. The Amendment serves as almost an exactreplica to a provision within the English Bill of Rights of 1689.9 TH AMENDMENT: th9 Amendment to the United States Constitution, addresses rights of the people that are not specificallyenumerated in the Constitution. The enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construedto deny or disparage others retained by the people.The ninth Amendment is regarded by the court system of the United States as negating any expansion ofgovernment authority on account of the rights expressed in the United States Constitution. That being said,the amendment is not regarded as further limiting governmental power.10 TH AMENDMENT:The Tenth Amendment states the Constitution’s principle of federalism by providing that powers not grantedfederal government nor prohibited to the states by the Constitution are reserved to the States or the people.The tenth Amendment is similar to an earlier provision of the Articles of Confederation: each state retains itssovereignty, freedom, and independence, and every power, jurisdiction, and right, which is not by thisConfederation expressly delegated to the United States, in Congress assembled. thThe 10 Amendment is often cited and exercised for state laws concerning the use of medicinal marijuana,firearms, state taxes, other laws which are unique based on individual state law.CONCLUSIONWe should be aware of our Constitutional law. Constitutional law provides us fundamental rights, Bill of Rights.
Resources: http://constitution.laws.com/2nd-amendment 2nd Amendmenthttp://constitution.laws.com/4th-amendment 4th Amendmenthttp://constitution.laws.com/5th-amendment 5th AmendmentLaw word Meaningseizures The action of capturing someone or something using forceAmendment A change or addition to a legal or statutory document.provisions The action of providing or supplying something for use. A clause in a legal istrument, law etc.infringement violation: an act that disregards an agreement or a rightviolate Break or fail to comply with (a rule or formal agreement).abrupt Sudden and unexpected.Ratification making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming itArticle or clause A particular item or object, typically one of a specified type: "small household articlestyrannous oppressive: marked by unjust severity or arbitrary behaviour; "the oppressive government"; "quartering The provision of accommodations or lodgings, esp. for troops.sanctioned Give official permission or approval for (an action).prosecution The party instituting or conducting legal proceedings against someone in a lawsuit.witness A person who sees an event, typically a crime or accident, take place.Accused A person or group of people who are charged with or on trial for a crime.institute A society or organization having a particular object or common factor, esp. a scientific, educatdefense The action of defending from or resisting attack.verdict An opinion or judgment.opine Hold and state as ones opinion: "“The man is a genius,” he opinedenumerated Mention (a number of things) one by one.Date:August,31 2012PDF Prepared by MrDutt