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  1. 1. “ The great masses of the people will more easily fall victims to a big lie than to a small one.” – Adolf Hitler
  2. 2. Theodore Geisel (Dr. Seuss)
  3. 3. Definition of propaganda: <ul><li>‘ the organized spreading of doctrine, true or false information, opinions etc., especially to bring about change or reform.’ </li></ul>
  4. 4. Propaganda during World War I <ul><li>Used most effectively by the British against German atrocities </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  5. 5. Propaganda during World War I <ul><li>Copied by other Allies: </li></ul><ul><li>Britain USA </li></ul>
  6. 6. Propaganda during World War I <ul><li>American Propaganda </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>
  7. 7. Question <ul><li>Why did millions of Germans vote from the Nazi Party in free elections and how did the party eventually acquire an extensive European empire? </li></ul><ul><li>Relentless propaganda campaigns issued by the Nazis changed the democratic state into a totalitarian regime. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Nazis used fear to create a Jewish scapegoat, as the cause for Germany’s troubles. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bad economy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>loss of jobs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stereotypes of Jews </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>“ By the skillful and sustained use of propaganda, one can make a people see even heaven as hell or an extremely wretched life as paradise.” – Adolf Hitler </li></ul>
  10. 10. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Josef Goebbels – failed playwright –becomes German Minister for Propaganda under Nazi Rule </li></ul>
  11. 11. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Hitler and Goebbels believed that propaganda could be used to not only pacify the masses, but make them into active supporters. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans were to not only accept Nazi policies, but also truly believe them and act on the ideology and beliefs. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Nazi used propaganda for two main purposes. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use for the task of restructuring German values. Nazis wanted to make Germans believe in the ‘solidarity of the national community’ and the need for racial purity. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In the years immediately before the war propaganda was used to build a new “Nazified society.” This included both psychological preparation and mobilization for war. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Posters </li></ul>
  14. 14. Nazi Use of Propaganda <ul><li>Films </li></ul>
  15. 15. Leni Riefenstahl <ul><li>Born 1902 </li></ul><ul><li>Actress during 1920’s </li></ul><ul><li>Begins to direct films in 1930’s </li></ul><ul><li>Personally chosen by Hitler to Direct film about 1934 Nazi Party Rally at Nuremburg </li></ul><ul><li>Later directs film (non-propaganda) about 1936 Berlin Olympics, OLYMPIA </li></ul><ul><li>Survives World War II, but is shunned after the war </li></ul><ul><li>Dies at age 101 in 2003 </li></ul>
  16. 16. Triumph Of The Will <ul><li>Made to show a microcosm of 1934 Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Does not document so much of what Germany was, but “of the Germany Hitler willed it to become.” . </li></ul><ul><li>Film was a means of introducing Hitler and the Third Reich to Germans. The film played to sold out movie theaters across Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>Also served as a warning to foreign (especially European) countries that “Germany had awakened and they could not be pushed around any more.” </li></ul><ul><li>covers aspects of Germany’s social rebirth under the Nazi party </li></ul><ul><li>includes riveting speeches by Adolf Hitler and his party associates as to where the German nation is headed. </li></ul><ul><li>Without a commentator, the speeches and crowd reaction are the only vocal element of the film. </li></ul><ul><li>To aid continuity and to embellish the visual rhythm a heavy musical score was added and underscore by interaction from the crowd. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Propaganda by other powers <ul><li>“ Prelude to War” – 1943 – Prepared for new US soldiers, it describes the reasons for entering World War II, from a US perspective </li></ul>