Cartoon drawn in 1920 by a German artist for a German national newspaper
You will need to create a Master class video which tells pupils all they need to know about interpreting a Historical Cartoon.You will need to create a power point (to go with your presentation) which needs tohave at least one cartoon on it and you need to analyse the cartoon on the video so viewers can see your advice in action You will need to decide in the group who will perform (or how many will perform) who will film etc.
The Treaty of Versailles only dealt with Germany, but the victors also needed to decide what was going to happen to Germany’s allies. They did this in a number of other peace treaties which sometimes are forgotten about Your task is to complete the following table in your exercise books using pages 16 and 17 of the text books or Johndclare.netName of The year it The country The The nationthe Treaty was signed it punished territory it it gave the took away territory to
Section B You should spend 35 minutes in this section You must answer all sections of the question you have chosen 3 (a) What were Lloyd George’s aims at Versailles? (4) (b) Explain why Clemenceau wanted the Treaty of Versailles to punish Germany (6) (c) The following were all equally important to why Germany was dissatisfied with the Treaty of Versailles:(i) The reduction in armed forces(ii) The loss of territory(iii) The imposing of war guilt and reparationsHow far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer with reference only to (i), (ii), (iii) (10)
3 (a) What were Lloyd George’s aims at Versailles? (4) You simply need to list four aims 1. He wanted Germany punished (and had promised the British public he would do this) but not too harshly as he didn’t want Germany to seek revenge in the future 2. He wanted Germany’s colonies to strengthen the British empire and reduce the power of one of the fastest growing empires in Europe 3. He disagreed with Wilson’s idea of Freedom of the seas as this would threaten the security of the British Empire which required the British Navy to keep tight control of the seas. 4. he wanted to resume a trading partnership with Germany because Germany was Britain’s second largest trading partner before the war
(b) Explain why Clemenceau wanted the Treaty of Versailles to punish Germany (6)(One explained reason 3-4 marks; two or more explainedreasons 4-6 marks.)Point 1.France had suffered more than any other nation during the war because most of theland battles took place on French soil.The nature of trench warfare caused a very high death count and none more so than tothe French army, with 2/3 of French soldiers being killed or injured. As a result theFrench public were desperate to gain revenge on Germany who they held responsiblefor all the damage and destruction France suffered during the warPoint2.France and Germany had long been military rivals, with Germany invading France ontwo separate occasions within 45 years; first in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War inwhich Germany instilled a painful military defeat on France and led to Germanyannexing the French region of Alsace-Lorraine. France felt Germany aggressivelybecame involved in European disputes in order to expand their influence in westernEurope which led to the outbreak of WWI. Clemenceau who had lived therough bothattacks on France knew that the French public saw the T of V as the perfect opportunityto remove Germany as a threat to France once and for all.
c) The following were all equally important to why Germany was dissatisfied with the Treaty of Versailles:(i) The reduction in armed forces(ii) The loss of territory(iii) The imposing of war guilt and reparationsHow far do you agree with this statement? Explain your answer with reference only to (i), (ii), (iii) (10)Description of reasons for dissatisfaction (2-4 marks) one mark for eachExplanation of one of the reasons (4-6)Explanation of two or three reasons (6-9)Explanation of three reasons with evaluation of ‘equally important’ (9-10)
Explain each of the punishments in detail – exactly what they were(you have to get details in to show the examiner you haverevised!) Then explain in detail how each of the punishments would affect Germany (don’t just say it would upset them!)(this is to show that you are able to think logically and have theunderstanding to make an informed conclusion) Then conclude which one had the greatest consequences for Germany and why you think that one was the greatest consequence(this where you are the historian and make judegments basedon facts and your own evaluation)