REACTIONS TO THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES Today’s Lesson Objective: 1. To know what the immediate reaction to the T of V was 2. To understand how to analyse a historical cartoonOpening Minds Competence focusDiversity – Understand that different countries suffered in differing levels during WWI andthis has an impact on how they felt after the war and what they wanted to be achieved fromthe Treaty of VersaillesTeamwork – pupils have to work as a team in order to find information on various websitesand written sources.Reasoning – they need to be able to justify their decisions using evidence and/or reasonedpredictions of consequences of decisions made
Task: you need to find out how the worldreacted to the Terms of the Treaty ofVersaillesAs a table you need to create a detailedmind map on the sugar paper whichhighlights the reactions in the followingcountries:BritainFranceUSAGermanyIn order to find this informationyou can use the followingwebsite:www.johndclare.net/peace_treaties1.htmwww.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/FWWversailles.htmOr your text books
WAS THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES FAIR? Higher level thinking Question:Discuss this asthat no one was happy with the terms of the Treaty of will be Does the fact a table and come to an overall conclusion which youable to justify Versailles prove that it was fair?Can the Treaty be justified at the time?
Which terms of the Treaty were the harshest?We need to put the terms of the Treaty of Versailles in order ofharshness. In order t do this you need to think about what effect eachterm was likely to have on Germany18.104.22.168.5.6.
Historical Cartoon WorkshopA typical cartoon exam question wouldbe as follows:a)What is the message of the cartoon?(6)b) Why did Georges Clemenceau wantGermany to pay reparations? (9) A German Cartoon created in 1919. the man in the picture is Clemenceau and the woman represents Germany
What is involved... When your teacher looks at a cartoon and interprets it, he’s really using three historians tools at onceKnowledge about theevents in that period Seeing & understanding different things in the Thinking about the cartoonist, and cartoon his motives
HOW DO I INTERPRET THIS CARTOON? 1. Content – what is happening in the cartoon? 2. Context – what was happening at the time? 3. Comment – what is the meaning of the cartoon?
Theory...Do things in this order:First: Think about the events in that periodLook at the date. Think what was happening at that time. Who was involved?Second: See the different things in the cartoonAt first, just make a list of things you see. List the things that are in the cartoon, what theyare doing, and how they are presented. When I do this with pupils, they always chooseone or two things – and MISS lots, even big things! Often, in a cartoon, everything (evenlittle things) has a meaning. So study the details and jot them down (but don’t start to tryyet to say what they mean).Third: Think about the cartoonist, and his motivesLook at WHO drew the cartoon, and where he came from. What would he have thoughtabout the topic he was drawing about? What would he have been wanting to say?Fourth: Go back to the cartoonLook at your list of things you saw. Can you see what/who they stand for – what they are‘saying’ – what they mean? When you have thought about all the elements, think: ‘What isthe overall message of the cartoon?’Last: Go back to the eventsNow you have thought about the cartoon and its meaning, think: ‘What does all this helpyou to understand about the time, and how people thought and felt?
CONTEXT – WHAT WAS HAPPENING AT THE TIME? • Germany had just been defeated in WWI. • The Treaty of Versailles was signed in1919. • It had been written by the ‘Big Three’ and imposed on Germany. • Clemenceau wanted to ruin Germany • The Treaty blamed Germany for the war • The Treaty made her pay ‘reparations’ for ALL the damage. • Germany lost lots of land. • Germany lost her armed forces. • The Germans hated the Treaty.
CONTENT – WHAT IS HAPPENING IN THE PICTURE? • A young girl, beautiful but poorly. • An evil-looking vampire... • … which is sucking the girl’s blood • Weapons laid aside. • Two bats outside the window – more vampires. • The window is open – the curtains are blowing.
Comment – what is the meaning of the picture? Germany Clemenceau Two more bats Taking reparations Window Germany’s army had open been disbanded by the Treaty of Versailles.Vampire Poorly Britain and America Sucking girl blood Germany is helpless to defend herself. Discarded weapons
Punch was a WHAT IS THE MESSAGE OF THIS famous CARTOON? (6) British The aim of the terms magazine (in the cartoonist’s view) is clear fromBackground shows the rope bindingdestruction of Germany, whichwar reads ‘Armistice terms’Facial expression(along with thewords of the caption) Although beaten,suggests Germany ishe is sly and cunning shown as solid and potentially dangerous – not as weak A pun. ‘Giving rope’ usually means giving someone room. This time it Caption: makes it plain means tying them up what the cartoonist thinks
Mark Scheme:1. Answers need to state clearly two or three pieces of content of the picture (1 -2 marks)2. Answers need to explain the what was happening at the time of thedrawing (1 mark)3. Answers need to state the agenda of the cartoonist based on theirknowledge of that person/countries opinions at the time (1 mark)4. Answers need to explain what the content represents based on theirknowledge of the what was happening at the time (put it into context (1 - 2marks)
Mark Scheme:1. Answers need to state clearly two or three pieces of content of the picture (1 -2 marks)e.g there is a man being arrested by two policemen2. Answers need to explain the what was happening at the time of thedrawing (1 mark)e.g. the cartoon was produced in 1919, which was the time when theArmistice had just been negotiated and the Peace Treaties were beingdrafted3. Answers need to state the agenda of the cartoonist based on theirknowledge of that person/countries opinions at the time (1 mark)e.g the cartoonist is British and at this time the British public thoughtGermany deserved a harsh punishment for starting the war4. Answers need to explain what the content represents based on theirknowledge of the what was happening at the time (put it into context (1- 2 marks)e.g the man being arrested in the image is supposed to representGermany. In the picture Germany looks aggressive and althoughrestrained, looks potentially dangerous…..
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