InvestigatingHeat and Temperature
LabsLabs Lab 1: Hot and Cold Lab 2: Tracking the Heat
Hot and Cold:Hot and Cold:Comparing Heat and TemperatureComparing Heat and Temperature
Objectives: The student will illustrate andexplain the results of addition orsubtraction of thermal energy onthe motion o...
Key Terms:Key Terms: Heat Temperature Thermal Energy
Heat The energy transferred betweentwo substances which are atdifferent temperatures
Temperature Themeasurement ofthe averagekinetic energy ofthe molecules ofa substanceKelvinCelsius
Thermal Energy The term usedto describe thetotal energy ofthe particlesthat make up asubstance in anenergyexchange
Essential Learnings Hot and cold are relative terms,defined by the individual much likelarge and small, and they are nots...
Essential Learnings Molecules of all substances,regardless of their state of matter(solid, liquid or gas) are in constant...
Essential Learnings Thermal energy is defined as theenergy of a substance, both itsaverage kinetic energy (temperature)an...
Essential Learnings Heat is energy that is transmittedbetween substances based ondifferences in the kinetic energy ofthei...
Tracking The Heat:Tracking The Heat:Transferring Thermal EnergyTransferring Thermal Energy
Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that ...
Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that ...
Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that ...
Key Terms:Key Terms: Thermal Equilibrium Conduction
Thermal Equilibrium Term used to describe theequalization of temperatures betweena substance and its surroundings.
Conduction The transfer of thermal energythrough direct contact
Essential Learnings When two materials are in contact,energy is transferred from the onewith the higher temperature to th...
Essential Learnings The vibrating molecules from theobject with the higher temperaturecome in contact with the molecules ...
Essential Learnings Materials at Thermal Equilibriumhave the same temperature; objectscome to thermal equilibrium with th...
Essential Learnings Hypothermia is a medical conditionwhen a human’s body temperaturedrops from its normal bodytemperatur...
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Notes yb lab 1 and lab 2 hot and cold and tracking the heat

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Notes yb lab 1 and lab 2 hot and cold and tracking the heat

  1. 1. InvestigatingHeat and Temperature
  2. 2. LabsLabs Lab 1: Hot and Cold Lab 2: Tracking the Heat
  3. 3. Hot and Cold:Hot and Cold:Comparing Heat and TemperatureComparing Heat and Temperature
  4. 4. Objectives: The student will illustrate andexplain the results of addition orsubtraction of thermal energy onthe motion of molecules Distinguish between heat andthermal energy
  5. 5. Key Terms:Key Terms: Heat Temperature Thermal Energy
  6. 6. Heat The energy transferred betweentwo substances which are atdifferent temperatures
  7. 7. Temperature Themeasurement ofthe averagekinetic energy ofthe molecules ofa substanceKelvinCelsius
  8. 8. Thermal Energy The term usedto describe thetotal energy ofthe particlesthat make up asubstance in anenergyexchange
  9. 9. Essential Learnings Hot and cold are relative terms,defined by the individual much likelarge and small, and they are notscientific terms.
  10. 10. Essential Learnings Molecules of all substances,regardless of their state of matter(solid, liquid or gas) are in constantmotion and have Kinetic Energy Temperature is directly related tothe rate of motion of molecules It is the measure of average kinetic energy
  11. 11. Essential Learnings Thermal energy is defined as theenergy of a substance, both itsaverage kinetic energy (temperature)and the kind of molecules in thesubstance
  12. 12. Essential Learnings Heat is energy that is transmittedbetween substances based ondifferences in the kinetic energy oftheir molecules Heat moves from “hot” to “cold”
  13. 13. Tracking The Heat:Tracking The Heat:Transferring Thermal EnergyTransferring Thermal Energy
  14. 14. Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that thermal energyis the total energy of the particlesthat make up a substance
  15. 15. Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that heat is thetransfer of energy from oneobject of higher temperature toone object of a lower temperature
  16. 16. Objectives: The student will investigate andunderstand processes that transferenergy between substances Understand that temperature is ameasure of the average kineticenergy of the particles in asubstance
  17. 17. Key Terms:Key Terms: Thermal Equilibrium Conduction
  18. 18. Thermal Equilibrium Term used to describe theequalization of temperatures betweena substance and its surroundings.
  19. 19. Conduction The transfer of thermal energythrough direct contact
  20. 20. Essential Learnings When two materials are in contact,energy is transferred from the onewith the higher temperature to theone with the lower temperature byconduction due to the kineticenergy of the particles in contact
  21. 21. Essential Learnings The vibrating molecules from theobject with the higher temperaturecome in contact with the molecules ofobject with the lower temperature. Energy is transferred causing thecooler object to “warm up” asmolecule vibration increases
  22. 22. Essential Learnings Materials at Thermal Equilibriumhave the same temperature; objectscome to thermal equilibrium with theirsurroundings Room temperature objects don’t feel likeroom temperature because of human bodytemperature, insulators and conductors.
  23. 23. Essential Learnings Hypothermia is a medical conditionwhen a human’s body temperaturedrops from its normal bodytemperature to one much lowerbecause of the lost heat to thesurrounding environment

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