Published on

  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide


  1. 1. Week 11: Punk & Riot Grrl Music Genres 2012 Blair Hughes
  2. 2. Punk Rock History  Punk rock is a rock music genre that developed between 1974 and 1976 in the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.  Punk bands created fast, hard-edged music, typically with short songs, stripped-down instrumentation, and often political, anti-establishment lyrics.  Punk embraces a DIY ethic; many bands self-produced recordings and distributed them through informal channels.  For the most part, punk took root in local scenes that tended to reject association with the mainstream. An associated punk subculture emerged, expressing youthful rebellion and characterized by distinctive styles of clothing and adornment and a variety of anti- authoritarian ideologies.  By the turn of the century, pop punk had been adopted by the mainstream, as bands such as Green Day and The Offspring brought the genre widespread popularity.
  3. 3. Punk Philosophy  The first waves of punk rock aimed to be aggressively modern, distancing itself from the bombast and sentimentality of early 1970s rock.  According to Ramones drummer Tommy Ramone "In its initial form, a lot of [1960s] stuff was innovative and exciting. Unfortunately, what happens is that people who could not hold a candle to the likes of Hendrix started noodling away. Soon you had endless solos that went nowhere. By 1973, I knew that what was needed was some pure, stripped down, no bullshit rock 'n' roll.”  John Holmstrom, founding editor of Punk magazine, recalls feeling "punk rock had to come along because the rock scene had become so tame that [acts] like Billy Joel and Simon and Garfunkel were being called rock and roll, when to me and other fans, rock and roll meant this wild and rebellious music.‖  Musical virtuosity was often looked on with suspicion. According to Holmstrom, punk rock was "rock and roll by people who didn't have very much skills as musicians but still felt the need to express themselves through music‖.
  4. 4. This is a chord…now form a band
  5. 5. Origins of the word Punk  From the late 16th through the 18th century, punk was a common, coarse synonym for prostitute; William Shakespeare used it with that meaning in The Merry Wives of Windsor (1602) and Measure for Measure (1623).  The term eventually came to describe "a young male hustler, a gangster, a hoodlum, or a ruffian‖.
  6. 6. Musical & Lyrical Elements  Punk rock bands often emulate the bare musical structures and arrangements of 1960s garage rock  Typical punk rock instrumentation includes one or two electric guitars, an electric bass, and a drum kit, along with vocals.  Punk rock songs tend to be shorter than those of other popular genres  Punk rock vocals sometimes sound nasal and lyrics are often shouted instead of sung in a conventional sense, particularly in hardcore styles.  Guitar parts tend to include highly distorted power chords or barre chords creating a characteristic sound described as a"buzzsaw drone‖.  Punk rock lyrics are typically frank and confrontational; compared to the lyrics of other popular music genres, they frequently comment on social and political issues..
  7. 7. Pre History: Garage Rock  In the early and mid-1960s, garage rock bands that came to be recognized as punk rock's progenitors began springing up in many different locations around North America.  The minimalist sound of many garage rock bands was influenced by the harder-edged wing of the British Invasion. The Kinks' hit singles of 1964, "You Really Got Me" and "All Day and All of the Night, have been described as "predecessors of the whole three-chord genre  In 1965, The Who quickly progressed from their debut single, "I Can't Explain", a virtual Kinks clone, to "My Generation".
  8. 8. Visual Elements of Punk Music  The classic punk rock look among male U.S. musicians harkens back to the T-shirt, motorcycle jacket, and jeans ensemble favored by American greasers of the 1950s associated with the rockabilly scene and by British rockers of the 1960s.  The cover of the Ramones' 1976 debut album, featuring a shot of the band by Punk photographer Roberta Bayley, set forth the basic elements of a style that was soon widely emulated by rock musicians both punk and nonpunk.  Richard Hell's more androgynous, ragamuffin look—and reputed invention of the safety-pin aesthetic—was a major influence on Sex Pistols and British punk style.  The characteristic stage performance style of male punk musicians does not deviate significantly from the macho postures classically associated with rock music.
  9. 9. Ramones Debut Album
  10. 10. The Safety Pin Look
  11. 11. CBGB’s New York  CBGB (Country, BlueGrass, and Blues) was a music club at 315 Bowery at Bleecker Street in the borough of Manhattan in New York City.  Founded by Hilly Kristal in 1973, it was originally intended to feature its namesake musical styles, but became a forum for American punk and New Wave bands like Ramones, Misfits, Television, the Patti Smith Group, Mink DeVille, The Dead Boys, The Dictators, The Fleshtones, The Voidoids, The Cramps, Blondie, The Shirts, and Talking Heads  The club closed in October 2006. The final concert was performed by Patti Smith
  12. 12. CBGB’s NYC
  13. 13. Punk music in Australia  A similar punk music-based subculture was beginning to take shape in various parts of Australia. A scene was developing around Radio Birdman and its main performance venue, the Oxford Tavern (later the Oxford Funhouse), located in Sydney's Darlinghurst suburb.  By 1976, The Saints were hiring Brisbane local halls to use as venues, or playing in "Club 76", their shared house in the inner suburb of Petrie Terrace. The band soon discovered that musicians were exploring similar paths in other parts of the world. Ed Kuepper, coleader of The Saints, later recalled: “One thing I remember having had a really depressing effect on me was the first Ramones album. When I heard it [in 1976], I mean it was a great record ... but I hated it because I knew we’d been doing this sort of stuff for years. There was even a chord progression on that album that we used ... and I thought, "Fuck. We’re going to be labeled as influenced by the Ramones", when nothing could have been further from the truth”
  14. 14. Post Punk  During 1976–77, in the midst of the original UK punk movement, bands emerged such as Manchester's Joy Division, The Fall and Magazine, Leeds' Gang of Four, and London's The Raincoats that became central post-punk figures.  These bands were often musically experimental, like certain New Wave acts; defining them as "post-punk" was a sound that tended to be less pop and more dark and abrasive—sometimes verging on the atonal, as with Subway Sect and Wire—and an anti-establishment posture directly related to punk's.  Post-punk brought together a new fraternity of musicians, journalists, managers, and entrepreneurs; the latter, notably Geoff Travis of Rough Trade and Tony Wilson of Factory, helped to develop the production and distribution infrastructure of the indie music scene that blossomed in the mid-1980s. Smoothing the edges of their style in the direction of New Wave, several post-punk bands such as New Order (descended from Joy Division), The Cure, and U2 crossed over to a mainstream U.S. audience.
  15. 15. Rough Trade Records
  16. 16. Factory Records
  17. 17. Hardcore  A distinctive style of punk, characterized by superfast, aggressive beats, screaming vocals, and often politically aware lyrics, began to emerge in 1978 among bands scattered around the United States and Canada.  Among the earliest hardcore bands, regarded as having made the first recordings in the style, were Southern California's Middle Class and Black Flag.  The lyrical content of hardcore songs is often critical of commercial culture and middle-class values
  18. 18. Pop Punk  With their love of the Beach Boys and late 1960s bubblegum pop, the Ramones paved the way to what became known as pop punk.  In the late 1970s, UK bands such as Buzzcocks and The Undertones combined pop-style tunes and lyrical themes with punk's speed and chaotic edge.  Bad Religion "layered their pissed off, politicized sound with the smoothest of harmonies"; Descendents "wrote almost surfy, Beach Boys–inspired songs about girls and food and being young(ish)‖.  Bands that fused punk with light-hearted pop melodies, such as The Queers and Screeching Weasel, began appearing around the country, in turn influencing bands like Green Day and The Offspring, who brought pop punk wide popularity and major record sales.
  19. 19. Emo  In its original, mid-1980s incarnation, emo was a less musically restrictive style of punk developed by participants in the Washington, D.C. area hardcore scene.  It was originally referred to as "emocore", an abbreviation of "emotive hardcore‖.  Notable early emo bands included Rites of Spring, Embrace, The Hated, and One Last Wish. The term derived from the tendency of some of these bands' members to become strongly emotional during performances.  Fugazi, formed out of the dissolution of Embrace, inspired a second, much broader based wave of emo bands beginning in the mid-1990s.  Bands such as Seattle's Sunny Day Real Estate and Jimmy Eat World broke out of the underground, attracting national attention.
  20. 20. Queercore and Riot Grrl  In the 1990s, the queercore movement developed around a number of punk bands with gay, lesbian, or bisexual members such as God Is My Co-Pilot, Pansy Division, Team Dresch, and Sister George.  Queercore lyrics often treat the themes of prejudice, sexual identity, gender identity, and individual rights. The movement has continued into the 21st century, supported by festivals such as Queeruption.  The riot grrrl movement foregrounded feminist concerns and progressive politics in general; the DIY ethic and fanzines were also central elements of the scene.  Singer-guitarists Corin Tucker of Heavens to Betsy and Carrie Brownstein of Excuse 17, bands active in both the queercore and riot grrrl scenes, cofounded the celebrated indie/punk band Sleater- Kinney in 1994.  Bikini Kill's lead singer, Kathleen Hanna the iconic figure of riot grrrl, moved on to form the art punk group Le Tigre in 1998.
  21. 21. Artist Spotlight: The Kinks  The Kinks were an English rock band formed in Muswell Hill, North London, by brothers Ray and Dave Davies in 1964.  Categorised in the United States as a British Invasion band, The Kinks are recognised as one of the most important and influential rock acts of the era.  ―You Really Got Me‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dvyDWGF29 0M
  22. 22. Artist Spotlight: The Saints  The Saints are an Australian rock band, which formed in Brisbane in 1974 as punk rockers.  In 1975, contemporaneous with United States' Ramones, The Saints were employing the fast tempos, raucous vocals and "buzz saw" guitar that characterised early punk rock.  With their debut single, "(I'm) Stranded", in September 1976, they became the first punk band outside the US to release a record, ahead of better- known acts including the Sex Pistols and The Clash.  ―I’m Stranded‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-GueNOKolo
  23. 23. Artist Spotlight: The Sex Pistols  The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975.  They were responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United Kingdom and inspiring many later punk and alternative rock musicians.  Although their initial career lasted just two-and-a- half years and produced only four singles and one studio album, Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts in the history of popular music.  ―Anarchy in the UK‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQkActP-isE
  24. 24. Artist Spotlight: The Ramones  The Ramones were an American rock band that formed in the New York City neighborhood of Forest Hills, Queens, in 1974.  They are often cited as the first punk rock group.  Despite achieving only limited commercial success, the band was a major influence on the punk rock movement both in the United States and the United Kingdom.  ―Blitzkrieg Bop‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htR14DZ-O- 4&feature=fvst
  25. 25. Artist Spotlight: The Clash  The Clash were an English punk rock band that formed in 1976 as part of the original wave of British punk.  Along with punk, their music incorporated elements of reggae, ska, dub, funk, rap, dance, and rockabilly.  ―London Calling‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EfK- WX2pa8c&ob=av2n
  26. 26. Artist Spotlight: The Jam  The Jam were an English punk rock/New Wave/mod revival band active during the late 1970s and early 1980s.  They were formed in Woking, Surrey. While they shared the "angry young men" outlook and fast tempos of their punk rock contemporaries, The Jam wore smartly tailored suits rather than ripped clothes, and they incorporated a number of mainstream 1960s rock influences rather than rejecting them, placing The Jam at the forefront of the mod revival movement.  ―Down in the Tube station at Midnight‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hf4EFDGP4yg& ob=av2e
  27. 27. Artist Spotlight: The Buzzcocks  Buzzcocks are an English punk rock band formed in Bolton in 1976  They are regarded as an important influence on the Manchester music scene, the independent record label movement, punk rock, power pop, pop punk and indie rock.  ―Ever Fallen In Love‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Bif2q_Zo3-4
  28. 28. Artist Spotlight: Joy Division  Joy Division were an English rock band formed in 1976 in Manchester.  Joy Division rapidly evolved from their initial punk rock influences to develop a sound and style that pioneered the post-punk movement of the late 1970s.  ―Love will tear us apart‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qHYOXyy1To I&ob=av2e
  29. 29. Artist Spotlight: The Stooges  The Stooges (also known as Iggy and The Stooges) are an American rock band from Ann Arbor, Michigan first active from 1967 to 1974, and later reformed in 2003.  Although they sold few records in their original incarnation and often performed for indifferent or hostile audiences, the Stooges are widely regarded as instrumental in the rise of punk rock, as well as influential to alternative rock, heavy metal and rock music at large.  ―I Wanna Be Your Dog‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vUQQ-Yxfr4o
  30. 30. Artist Spotlight: The Offspring  The Offspring is an American punk rock band from Huntington Beach, California, formed in 1984. They are widely credited, alongside fellow California pop punk bands Sublime, Green Day, Bad Religion, and Rancid, with popularizing and reviving mainstream interest in punk rock in the United States in the 1990s.  ―Self Esteem‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CkFH0KMO0 G0
  31. 31. Artist Spotlight: Green Day  Green Day is an American punk rock band formed in 1987.  Green Day was originally part of the punk scene at 924 Gilman Street in Berkeley, California.  ―Basketcase‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NUTGr5t3Mo Y
  32. 32. Artist Spotlight: Blink 182  Blink-182 is an American rock band consisting of vocalist and bass guitarist Mark Hoppus, vocalist and guitarist Tom DeLonge, and drummer Travis Barker. They have sold over 28 million albums worldwide since forming in Poway, California in 1992.  ―Josie‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I6kfin-UeAQ
  33. 33. Artist Spotlight: Sleater Kinney  Sleater-Kinney is an alternative rock band that formed in 1994 in Olympia, Washington.  They were a noted part of the "riot grrrl" and indie rock scenes in the Pacific Northwest. The band was known for its feminist and left-leaning politics.  ―You’re no rock and roll fun‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NNpKjmNaJ pQ
  34. 34. Artist Spotlight: Le Tigre  Le Tigre is an American electroclash band, formed by Kathleen Hanna (formerly of Bikini Kill) and Johanna Fateman in 1998 in New York City.  Le Tigre is known for its left-wing sociopolitical lyrics, dealing with issues of feminism and the LGBT community.  ―TKO‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aqhntKPh2E Y
  35. 35. Artist Spotlight: Radio Birdman  Radio Birdman was one of the first punk bands in Australia along with The Saints. Deniz Tek and Rob Younger formed the group in Sydney, Australia in 1974. The group influenced the work of many successful, mainstream bands, and is now considered to be one of the most crucial bands to Australia's musical growth, but their main legacy was their towering influence over Australian indie rock in the 1980s.  ―Tick Tock‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yoIqzlIrIcQ
  36. 36. Artist Spotlight: Frenzal Rhomb  Frenzal Rhomb are an Australian punk rock band which formed in 1992 with mainstay Jason Whalley on lead vocals and rhythm guitar.  The group have supported tours by The Offspring, Bad Religion, and Blink-182 within Australia. Frenzal Rhomb have toured to the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, South Africa, Israel and Taiwan.  “Russel Crowe’s Band”: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o1DRTnP0gY 8
  37. 37. Artist Spotlight: Parkway Drive  Parkway Drive is an Australian hardcore band from Byron Bay, New South Wales, formed in 2002.  ―Sleepwalker‖: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=15mxiWAYSE w