Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.



Published on

  • Be the first to comment


  1. 1.  “When you think of the blues, you think about misfortune, betrayal and regret. You lose your job, you get the blues. Your girl/guy falls out of love with you, you get the blues. Your dog dies, you get the blues”
  2. 2.  Originated in African-American communities of the "Deep South" of the United States at the end of the 19th century from spiritual work songs where call-and-response shouts from slaves were an early form of blues-like music in the cotton fields.  Blues music history is very poorly documented, due to racial discrimination within US society, including academic circles, and to the low literacy rate of the rural African American community at the time.  World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric blues and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience, especially white listeners.  Though the use of the phrase ‘Blues’ may be older, it has been attested to since 1912, when Hart Wand's "Dallas Blues" became the first copyrighted blues composition.
  3. 3.  Geographical locations for Blues Music: British blues · Canadian blues · Chicago blues · Detroit blues · East Coast blues · Kansas City blues · Louisiana blues · Memphis blues · New Orleans blues · Piedmont blues · St. Louis blues · Swamp blues · Texas blues · West Coast blues · Hill country blues  The blues originated on Southern plantations in the 19th Century. Its inventors were slaves, ex- slaves and the descendants of slaves - African-American sharecroppers who sang as they toiled in the cotton and vegetable fields.  It's generally accepted that the music evolved from African spirituals, African chants, work songs, rural fife and drum music, revivalist hymns, and country dance music.  The blues grew up in the Mississippi Delta just upriver from New Orleans, the birthplace of jazz. Blues and jazz have always influenced each other, and they still interact in countless ways today.  Unlike jazz, the blues didn't spread out significantly from the South to the Midwest until the 1930s and '40s. Once the Delta blues made their way up the Mississippi to urban areas, the music evolved into electrified Chicago blues, other regional blues styles, and various jazz-blues hybrids. A decade or so later the blues gave birth to rhythm 'n blues and rock 'n roll.  When the country blues moved to the cities and other locales, it took on various regional characteristics. Hence the St. Louis blues, the Memphis blues, the Louisiana blues, Chicago blues
  4. 4.  The lines are often sung following a pattern closer to a rhythmic talk than to a melody. Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative. The singer voiced his or her "personal woes in a world of harsh reality: a lost love, the cruelty of police officers, oppression at the hands of white folk and hard times.  The blues is about overcoming hard luck, saying what you feel, ridding yourself of frustration, letting your hair down, and simply having fun. From unbridled joy to deep sadness, no form of music communicates more genuine emotion.  The term "the blues” often refers to melancholy and sadness. WHY?  The lyrics often relate troubles experienced within African American society. For instance Blind Lemon Jefferson's "Rising High Water Blues" (1927) tells about the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927
  5. 5.  The first appearance of the blues is often dated after the Emancipation Act of 1863, between 1870 and 1900, a period that coincides with Emancipation and, later, the development of juke joints as places where Blacks went to listen to music, dance, or gamble after a hard day's work.  This period corresponds to the transition from slavery to sharecropping, small-scale agricultural production, and the expansion of railroads in the southern United States.  The development of the blues is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the enslaved people.  The Diddley bow (a homemade one-stringed instrument found in parts of the American South in the early twentieth century) and the banjo are African-derived instruments that may have helped in the transfer of African performance techniques into the early blues instrumental vocabulary.  Depending on the religious community a musician belonged to, it was more or less considered as a sin to play this low-down music: blues was the devil's music.  Musicians were therefore segregated into two categories: gospel and blues singers, guitar preachers and songsters.
  6. 6.  Jump blues: A danceable amalgamation of swing and blues and a precursor to R&B. Jump blues was pioneered by Louis Jordan:  Boogie-woogie: A piano-based blues popularized by Meade Lux Lewis, Albert Ammos and Pete Johnson, and derived from barrelhouse and ragtime:  Chicago blues: Delta blues electrified:  Cool blues: A sophisticated piano-based form that owes much to jazz:  West Coast blues: Popularized mainly by Texas musicians who moved to California. West Coast blues is heavily influenced by the swing beat:
  7. 7.  In the 1920s, the blues became a major element of African American and American popular music, reaching white audiences.  Several record companies began to record African American music.  Kentucky-born Sylvester Weaver was in 1923 the first to record the slide guitar style, in which a guitar is fretted with a knife blade or the sawed-off neck of a bottle. Country blues performers often improvised, either without accompaniment or with only a banjo or guitar.  Fingerpicking guitar technique became popular.  Mamie Smith, more a vaudeville performer than a blues artist, was the first African-American woman to record a blues song in 1920.  Example: Sylvester Weaver:
  8. 8.  The Great Migration: The transition from country to urban blues, that began in the 1920s, had been driven by the successive waves of economic crisis and booms and the associated move of the rural Blacks to urban areas.  The new migrants constituted a new market for the music industry.  This rapidly evolving market was mirrored by the Billboard Rhythm and Blues Chart.  After World War II and in the 1950s, new styles of electric blues music became popular in cities such as Chicago, Memphis, Detroit and St. Louis.  Electric blues used electric guitars, double bass (slowly replaced by bass guitar), drums, and harmonica played through a microphone and a PA system or a guitar amplifier became more popular  In the 1950s, blues had a huge influence on mainstream American popular music. Popular musicians like Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry departed from the melancholy aspect of blues and started to play more enthusiastic blues/rock and roll music.  Example 1: Muddy Waters  Example 2: Bo Diddley
  9. 9.  The music of the Civil Rights and Free Speech movements in the US prompted a resurgence in the blues  Newport Folk Festival brought traditional blues to a new audience, which helped to revive interest in prewar acoustic blues  White audiences' interest in the blues during the 1960s increased due to the British blues movement when bands such as The Animals, Fleetwood Mac, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, The Rolling Stones, The Yardbirds, and Cream performed classic blues songs from the Delta or Chicago blues traditions. Many of Led Zeppelin’s earlier hits were renditions of traditional blues songs.  One blues rock performer, Jimi Hendrix, was a rarity in his field at the time: a black man who played psychedelic rock. Hendrix was a skilled guitarist, and a pioneer in the innovative use of distortion and feedback in his music. Through these artists and others, blues music influenced the development of rock music.  Blues music started to be broadly popularized within the 1970s by J.J. Cale and the cover versions performed by Eric Clapton of "After Midnight" and "Cocaine".  Example 1:The Animals  Example 2:Eric Clapton  Example 3: Jimi Hendrix
  10. 10.  Guitar · Bass guitar · Piano · Harmonica · Double bass · Drums · Saxophone · Vocals · Trumpet · Trombone  The blues form is a cyclic musical form in which repeating progression of chords mirrors the call and response scheme commonly found in African and African-American music.  Blues shuffles or walking bass reinforce the trance- like rhythm and call-and-response, and they form a
  11. 11.  Bo Diddley:  BB King:  Howlin’ Wolf:  Hart Wand:  Son House:  John Lee Hooker:  Bessie Smith:  Robert Johnson:  Freddie King:  Sylvester Weaver:  Jimi Hendrix:  Muddy Waters:  Eric Clapton/Cream:  TDS:  Seasick Steve:
  12. 12.  Top 100 Blues: ml  Top 20 Blues albums of all time: greatest-blues-albums-of-all-time/  Top Blues songs: the-day/the-25-best-blues-rock-bands.html  List of 100 Best Blues Guitar Players & The Greatest Blues Guitar Solos:  History of Blues:
  13. 13.  The Blackwater Fever  Transvaal Diamond Syndicate  Asa Broomhall  The Fumes
  14. 14.  Task 1 – Observation Week: 13 Date: 3rd May 2012  Task 2 – Written Task Week: 8 Date: 5th April 2012  Task 3 – Portfolio Week: 13 Date: 3rd May 2012
  15. 15.  Bring two songs to class on the following genre ROCK AND ROLL 1. Present one YouTube clip to play in class and talk about for 30 seconds. 2. Post one to the Class Forum 3. Include in both of these, your brief comments on some of following aspects.  The style and look of the artist/genre  Musical instruments used  Cultural significance  Geographical location  Other artists in this genre  What influences does this genre pull from?