Population Change in England and Wales 1700-2000
Hanel, Germany J. Gathorpe-Hardy What do you think these cartoons are saying?
Demographic Transition Model
Population Change Births Immigrants Deaths Emigrants Total Population Natural Increase Migration The total population of a...
World Population Changes
Global Natural Increase
Doubling Time This map shows how long it will take for countries to double their population if it continued to grow at the...
Demographic Transition Model Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Birth Rate Natural In...
Stage 1 High Fluctuating <ul><li>Low population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing very slowly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High b...
Stage 2 Early Expanding Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 2 <ul><li>Population growing at faster rate </li></u...
Stage 3 Late Expanding Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 3 <ul><li>Population still increasing, but rate of in...
Stage 4 Low Fluctuating Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 4 <ul><li>High population, almost stable </li></ul><...
Demographic Transition Model Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Ethiopia/ Niger UK:  ...
Reasons What do you think the reasons are for the changes at each stage?
Reasons for Stage 1 High Fluctuating <ul><li>Little access to birth control </li></ul><ul><li>Many children die in infancy...
Reasons for Stage 2 Early Expanding Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 2 <ul><li>Improvements in medical care <...
Reasons for Stage 3 Late Expanding Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 3 <ul><li>Increased access to contracepti...
Reasons for Stage 4 Low Fluctuating Total  Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 4 <ul><li>Rates fluctuate with ‘baby boo...
Is there a Stage 5? ? ? ? Stage 5: Depleting Population
Problems <ul><li>What problems do you think there could be with the model? </li></ul><ul><li>It does not include the influ...
The End?
Homework <ul><li>1. Name all the countries which had a natural decrease in population in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Outline...
Population and Development Database http://www. alsagerschool .co. uk/subjects/sub_content/geography/Gpop/HTMLENH/
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Demographic Transition( J B)

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Demographic Transition( J B)

  1. 1. Population Change in England and Wales 1700-2000
  2. 2. Hanel, Germany J. Gathorpe-Hardy What do you think these cartoons are saying?
  3. 3. Demographic Transition Model
  4. 4. Population Change Births Immigrants Deaths Emigrants Total Population Natural Increase Migration The total population of an area is the balance between 2 forces of change: natural increase and migration Natural increase is the balance between birth rates and death rates Inputs Outputs
  5. 5. World Population Changes
  6. 6. Global Natural Increase
  7. 7. Doubling Time This map shows how long it will take for countries to double their population if it continued to grow at the present rate
  8. 8. Demographic Transition Model Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Birth Rate Natural Increase In Population Natural Decrease In Population
  9. 9. Stage 1 High Fluctuating <ul><li>Low population </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing very slowly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>High birth rate </li></ul><ul><li>High death rate </li></ul><ul><li>Ethiopia/Niger </li></ul><ul><li>UK: pre-1780 </li></ul>Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 1
  10. 10. Stage 2 Early Expanding Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 2 <ul><li>Population growing at faster rate </li></ul><ul><li>High but decreasing birth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing death rate </li></ul><ul><li>Sri Lanka/Bolivia </li></ul><ul><li>UK: 1780-1880 </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stage 3 Late Expanding Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 3 <ul><li>Population still increasing, but rate of increase slowing down </li></ul><ul><li>Decreasing birth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Low death rate </li></ul><ul><li>Uruguay/China </li></ul><ul><li>UK: 1880-1940 </li></ul>
  12. 12. Stage 4 Low Fluctuating Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 4 <ul><li>High population, almost stable </li></ul><ul><li>Low birth rate </li></ul><ul><li>Low death rate </li></ul><ul><li>Canada/USA </li></ul><ul><li>UK: post-1940 </li></ul>
  13. 13. Demographic Transition Model Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Ethiopia/ Niger UK: pre-1780 Natural Increase In Population Natural Decrease In Population Sri Lanka/ Bolivia UK: 1780-1880 Uruguay/ China UK: 1880-1940 Canada/ USA UK: Post-1940
  14. 14. Reasons What do you think the reasons are for the changes at each stage?
  15. 15. Reasons for Stage 1 High Fluctuating <ul><li>Little access to birth control </li></ul><ul><li>Many children die in infancy so parents have more to compensate </li></ul><ul><li>Children are needed to work on the land </li></ul><ul><li>Some religions encourage large families </li></ul><ul><li>Death rates are high due to disease, famine, poor diet, poor hygiene, little medical science </li></ul>Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 1
  16. 16. Reasons for Stage 2 Early Expanding Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 2 <ul><li>Improvements in medical care </li></ul><ul><li>Improvements in sanitation and water supply </li></ul><ul><li>Quality and quantity of food produced improves </li></ul><ul><li>Transport and communications improve movements of food and medical supplies </li></ul><ul><li>Decrease in infant mortality </li></ul>
  17. 17. Reasons for Stage 3 Late Expanding Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 3 <ul><li>Increased access to contraception </li></ul><ul><li>Lower infant mortality rates so less need for bigger families </li></ul><ul><li>Industrialisation and mechanisation means fewer labourers required </li></ul><ul><li>As wealth increases, desire for material possessions takes over the desire for large families </li></ul><ul><li>Equality of women means they can follow a career rather than just staying at home </li></ul>
  18. 18. Reasons for Stage 4 Low Fluctuating Total Population Birth Rate Death Rate Stage 4 <ul><li>Rates fluctuate with ‘baby booms’ and epidemics of illnesses and diseases </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for Stage 4 have improved and it stabilises </li></ul>
  19. 19. Is there a Stage 5? ? ? ? Stage 5: Depleting Population
  20. 20. Problems <ul><li>What problems do you think there could be with the model? </li></ul><ul><li>It does not include the influences of migration </li></ul><ul><li>It assumes that all countries will go through the same pattern </li></ul><ul><li>There is no time scale </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for birth rates and death rates are very different in different countries </li></ul><ul><li>And finally, is there a stage 5? </li></ul>
  21. 21. The End?
  22. 22. Homework <ul><li>1. Name all the countries which had a natural decrease in population in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Outline the reasons for natural decreases in population in some MEDCs </li></ul><ul><li>3. Explain why the total population is increasing in all 12 of the EU countries in the table </li></ul><ul><li>4. In which stage or stages of the DTM should the EU countries in the table be placed? Justify your answer </li></ul>
  23. 23. Population and Development Database http://www. alsagerschool .co. uk/subjects/sub_content/geography/Gpop/HTMLENH/

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