1.It’s possible to discover the laws that control and shape the behaviour of people in society.
2. Science isn’t there to tell us why something came into being. 3. Science is there to explain how things relate to each other, using laws.
4. The main task of Sociology is to discover general laws of social development;i) Laws of co-existence: looking at the relationship between parts of society; ii) Laws of succession: what are the laws that govern social change?
This is Karl MARX. 2. Society uses a system called CAPITALISM to keep the rich - richRemember his name: he’s and the poor – poor.one of the most importantthinkers of modern(ish) 3. CAPITALISM is antimes. economic system where a small minority of societyTo put it short, this is what own the FORCES OFhe thought: PRODUCTION (factories & information).1. Society is in a state of 4. This minority is called the RULINGCONFLICT between the CLASS (or the BOURGEOSIE) – theyrich and the poor. , He employ people to work for them tobelieved that class conflict produce goods that they sell.was the key to humanhistory.5. Marx called this arrangement the RELATIONS OF PRODUCTION andargued it EXPLOITED the SUBJECT CLASS (or the PROLETARIAT).
The Protestant System– The Protestant belief system encouraged its members to embrace change.– Protestants sought “signs” that they were in God’s will; financial success became a major sign. The more money they made, the more secure they were about their religious standing.– Weber called this behavior the Protestant ethic; he called their readiness to invest capital in order to make more money the spirit of capitalism.
Values in Sociological Research – Weber advocated that sociological research should be value free (personal values or biases should not influence social research) and objective (totally neutral). – Sociologists agree that objectivity is a proper goal, but acknowledge that no one can escape values entirely. – Replication is when a study is repeated to see if the same results are found. It is one means to avoid the distortions that values can cause.